The Birth of Guys Mills, Pennsylvania

In the fall of 1957 as we walked hand and hand slowly through the quaint little village of Guys Mills, shuffling, with our feet, the beautifully colored fallen leaves I asked my sweetheart, now my husband of forty five years, "How did Guys Mills get its name?" My sweetheart replied, "Jacob Guy, founder of the village had a grist mill here." I recall that Norman, with pride in his voice, then began to tell me the history of the small village and the Guy House Hotel. The story was fascinating to me then and that fascination has remained with me even to this moment as I write about the history of Guys Mills.
November 30, 1782 an agreement was reached in Paris between the independent United States and Britain. The peace treaty recognized the boundaries of the 13 Colonies as a new nation. The United States took control of the vast "Lower Canada," which was also known as the Northwest Territory. September 3, 1783, the formal Treaty of Paris was signed which ended all hostilities. Now that this Northwest Territory was secure, America was given room for expansion. Many of the states then gave land grants to soldiers for their service in the War of Independence. "Some 700,000 acres of land was set aside as "Donation Lands" given to Pennsylvania soldiers. This arrangement was convenient because the government was short of cash and it also encouraged settlement in the new area. Numerous land tracts were the property of the American Population Company. One million four hundred thousand acres became the property of the Pennsylvania Population Company and the Holland land company. The Holland Land Company was formed by a group of Dutch bankers in 1792. These companies bought land in New York, Pennsylvania and elsewhere in North America at low prices and sold it to the pioneers at a profit."
Now that the Northwest Territory was secure this gave America room for expansion and our ancestors took advantage of a good opportunity. They were opportunists. As late as 1815 Mead Township, Crawford County Pennsylvania showed little sign of settlement, but shortly thereafter large numbers of the unclaimed Donation Tracts of land were sold by the county commissioners for delinquent taxes. Word soon spread across the country that land was available in the northern and eastern sections of Mead Township and could be purchased by anybody who would pay the taxes owed to the State. It was at this time Jacob Guy, Melanchthon Wheeler, and Troop Barney, all residents of Whitehall, Washington County New York organized a company and purchased a large quantity of the donation land. The population of the country was moving and settling in unbroken wilderness.


Jacob Guy, a native of Concord, New Hampshire and former student of Whitehall New York Academy, Yale College, and graduate of Dartmouth College moved from Whitehall, New York and migrated around 1813 to Crawford County, Meadville, PA. He then purchased several Donation District Tracts of land from the county commissioners at a tax sale for delinquent taxes.
At one time he reportedly owned as much as ten thousand acres. His property comprised nearly half of what is now known as Randolph Township. He constantly bought and sold land to incoming settlers. Jacob Guy lived in Meadville, PA for two years before migrating to Mead Township, now Randolph Township, in 1815. Another new company made up of Ward Barney, George Barney, and William A Moore, also of Washington County, New York, made large investments in these tax titles and sold their claims to incoming settlers.
The northern and southeastern parts of Mead Township were Donation Lands, while the southwestern corner was the property of the Holland Land Company. The first settlers of the region settled the land owned by the Holland Land Company. It was required of a settler to reside on the property and make improvements on each tract. The company offered a gratuity of one hundred additional acres to each one fulfilling the terms of settlement, in order to place an occupant on each tract at the earliest possible date. Many of the pioneers coming into the county gladly availed themselves of this opportunity to secure land on which to settle.
A large number of the settlers who purchased the Donation Lands came mainly from Whitehall, Washington County, New York, including sections of Whitehall, Fort Ann, Granville, and the area of Rutland, Vermont. It was well into the middle of the 1800s, before Mead Township, now Randolph Township, was nicely settled. The period of 1820-1830 Randolph saw its greatest population growth.
Randolph Township is an interior township and was formed in 1824. It is situated a little southeast of the center of Crawford County and contains 23,697 square acres. The lay of the land is hilly and drained by two creeks. The creek flowing north into Richmond Township is called Woodcock Creek and the creek flowing south into Wayne Township is called Sugar Creek. Randolph is bordered on the North by Richmond Township on the East by Steuben and Troy, on the South by Wayne, and on the West by East-Mead.
The incoming settlers were able to provide meat for their families as wild game was abundant in the area. Honey Bees and trees laden with honey were a common sight.
The Alexander and Joseph Johnson families were the first pioneers to settle in the area. They settled in 1797. The second pioneers to settle here were James and John Brawley. The area is known today as Brawley’s Stand and is located two miles southwest of Guys Mills.
In 1815 Jacob Guy selected a choice creek bank located between two steep hills and made the first settlement in what was to become Guys Mills. The whole area was unbroken wilderness. At the time he cleared enough trees to construct a temporary dwelling of basswood poles and hemlock brush. As one views the lay of the land and the tiny creek which runs through Guys Mills today it is easy to see how the exact location was chosen. In the valley lies a large level area which would have made a great basin for a hugh mill pond. Precisely at the location of the present road the valley narrows between two hills and thus forms a natural partial dam. The fact that the large flat area was funneled down between these two hills is the reason Guys Mills was built at this specific location.
When Jacob Guy moved to Guys Mills the township showed few signs of habitation except the dozen or so little clearings made by the settlers who preceded him. An act of legislature on March 3, 1817 authorized a state road to be cut from Meadville to the New York State line. Commissioners were appointed by the state to lay out a road fifty feet wide, beginning on the New York line, at the northern boundary of Warren County, and running to Meadville. The road was to be surveyed between April and November of 1817, and $3000.00 was appropriated by the state for opening and clearing the same from Meadville to the New York state line. This road takes an almost direct straight line northeast from Meadville, passing through Blooming Valley, New Richmond, Little Cooley and Riceville, leaving Crawford County near the northeast corner of Sparta Township, seldom deviating or avoiding hill or dale. It is said that of the Commissioners James Miles, John Brooks and Maj. McGrady, one was interested in lands north, and another in lands south of a direct line. When one would suggest turning a hill on the north the other would object, and vice versa, so that selfishness was really the cause of this road being laid out up hill and down dale, to the inconvenience of future generations. The state road remained almost impassable for some years, and in 1826 work was still in progress upon it. It was not until the country was well settled and it began to be improved by the townships through which it passed, that it could be regarded as in fair condition." This road today is route 77. This main thoroughfare ran through New Richmond and is approximately four miles from where our 1780 Isaac Childs settled.

The grist mill/saw mill erected by Jacob Guy in 1816 or 1817 was the first frame building in the village. It was this mill that was credited with naming the town. The creek-bank village was possibly known as "Guy’s Mill" which later evolved to the more familiar version, "Guys Mills." My husband likes to suggest that another possible explanation is that Guy’s Mills indicates two mills. It appears the mill was two mills in one. A Grist mill perhaps located on the second floor and a Saw mill on the first. My husband Norman draws his theory from the fact in the diary of Jacob Guys 1818 and 1819, he tells of grinding grain and sawing boards in the same account. All towns needed a grist mill and a saw mill which could be powered by the same water supply.  For more information about the Mill built by Jacob Guy see the book Guys Mill's Mill by Norman and Arlean Childs written in 2010.


 The following is a typed copy of the Diary of Jacob Guy, years 1818, 1819, 1820.  The typist did not change the original manuscript in the typing of it.  It remains in its true form including spelling, sentence structure and punctuation. It was  typed  by Arlean Lenhart Childs from the original copy typed by Alice Mae Salmon Childs, mother-in-law of Arlean in the early 1950s.  Arlean typed this into her computer during January and February of 2010.  The original diary of Jacob Guy can be found in the Crawford County Historical Society, placed there by Alice Salmon Childs Virtue in the 1950s. 

The Diary appears to be an account of his business transactions; very little is said in it regarding his family. 

 Jacob Guy’s Diary of 1818

January 11, 1818 Snow in the morning, 10 inches in all.  Evening quite cold.  Mr. H. brought home little boy.  A. Fuller all day at Carpenters.  D & C went to Wyman and Wyman came back with them.  A. Kelly called here in morning.

January 12, 1818 Morning and day very cold, clear, snow 10 inches.  Started in morning for Meadville.  Went to Malthropes on foot.   Rode with him to town – Dined at Gibsons – attended to several small matters – lodged at Gibsons.  Mercury 6 degrees below 0 in morning.

January 13, 1818 Morning quite cold but not to cold.  Arranged my business with Blakely – to give him 125 acres my undivided land of NO 150 8th District in line of 200 acres of Co – Deed to be made when they sum the deficiency of the land given in exchange and not before.  Day pleasant.

January 14, 1818 Attended to several matters at the stores.  Collected $4.75 cents of Fulter and $4.00 of Mrs. Conrad.

January 15, 1818, Thursday joined the Library Society gave $5.  Bought box chocolate, nails of Morgan – 10 bottles brandy of C. Waid and returned home with W & A Johnson to his house and stay all night.

January 16, 1818, Friday took breakfast with A. Johnson.  He furnished me with horse to come home and boy to take back horse.  Brought three axes from town for Carpenter.  Mr. Hawson and Mead took away all their wheat and some straw.  Settled with them all matters.  Let A. Johnson have 3# chocolate.  During my absence Carpenter hauling rails.  Mr. Moore cutting wood and doing chores put tongue and reach in sled – Halled 141 Malhimmer.  Waid 607.  Mr. Dickson while I was absent employed choping on his own land.  Weather clowdy in morning.  Snow fell in night.

Saturday, January 17, 1818 Sharp cold air with frost.  Signs of rain- day clear and warm, southwind – Mr. Moore and I cleaned the barn floor and threashed.  Robert hauled 154 rails added to the preceding 609.  Dickson repaired his shay.  I ground new axe.  Carpenter’s men ground axes.  Robert broke Carpenter’s single tree.

Sunday, January 18, 1818 rained commenced about 2:00 oc. Morning.  Day cloudy and somewhat windy and continued to thaw.  James W with Carpenter took away all the straw I had in our barn with my horses and sled.  Mr. Jones took my book, “Parnell poems.  Campbell got home with horses in evening.

 Monday, January 19, 1818 Morning rainy.  Robert making Whippletree after breakfast.  Mr. Moore and Robert threshing.  Evening cleaning wheat with new machine. Mr. Dickson making machine for fanning wheat – James sent bag by W. Waid.  Carpenter grinding axes (broken one axe).  Frequent heavy showers during the day and foggy.  Snow nearly gone.

Tuesday, January 20, 1818 Morning, all hands cleaning wheat. Mr. D. making saddle out of sheep skin.  James here put up his wheat in bag – to go to mill.  We cleaned about 18 or 19 bushels – Carpenter got 400 ct hay – got Rattleweed for horse. D. chopping on own land after 10 A.M.  Mr. Moore and Carpenter threshing from 10 A.M. till night.  Weather cooler and somewhat clowdy.

Wednesday, January 21, 1818 Weather – morning clowdy and signs of rain.  Afternoon and evening clear, warm, pleasant.  Mr. Moore and Campbel threshing till sun one hour high.  Emmery measured and surveyed off 40 acres of Mr. Carpenter 75 P. South – 86 East and West.  Mr. Carpenter cut in foot – came and borrowed wash tub.  Mr. Dickson chopped on own land.

Thursday, January 22, 1818 Morning warm, clowdy, south wind.  Clear at noon.  Evening grew cold, but very little snow.  Robert Campbell went to mill with about 11 bushel of wheat, but did not get it ground.  Mr. Moore and myself cleaned about 22 bushel wheat – Mr. Dickson finished Riddle (?) and worked on his own land.  Had D. Sleigh to go to mill.  James W. Lachlin came here about 2 oc after short stay went to Wymans (Mr. Jones ground many tools.  Shot a partridge with rifle.)

Friday, January 23, 1818 Morning cold, moderate in evening.  Clowdy, prospect of snow. R. Campbell went to mill carried about 12 bushel wheat and brought home the flour of what was at mill say 400.  W. Laughlin and Mr. Moore threshing.  Self got some broomsticks.  Solomon Lord T. Lords cross cut saw which was taken from here by Archibald Luart, says his 2000 rails are done will make enough more to pay for (?) ½ bushel salt – Mr. Dickson chopping on own land.  Robert brought home box of chocolates from A. Johnson.

Saturday, January 24, 1818 Morning sprinkling rain, day cloudy.  W. Laughlin and Moore threshing.  Robert Campbell quit in the morning.  James took away his flour.  Mr. Dickson working on the land.

Sunday, January 25, 1818 Weather pleasant.  Went to Cap. Walthrop’s in morning with W. returning in evening with Wyman.  Dick and W. went to Wymans and stay all night.

Monday, January 26, 1818 Morning rainy, Moore and W. cleaning wheat about 25 bushel.  Settled accounts with James, allowed Halls order for $7.82 and paid $3.00 which he charged Mr. Moore for washing which balanced all book accounts.  Let Mr. Carpenter have 7 # sugar and 1 quart salt.  Mr. D. went with J. to haul hoop timber.  Afternoon snow fell about 1 in.

Tues January 27, 1818 Weather moderate.  Afternoon snow fell about 2 or 3 in.  Moore and W. Laughlin finished threshing fall wheat 15.  Wyman in about settlement and interest.  Sent twelve bushel wheat to mill by Carpenter – who went after hay and got none – wheat not ground.  Sent 3 small bags for bran.  James brot home old bag belonging to Don. (James says he will not take remaining 100 acres off 1458)  George Moore and Mr. Moore went to Wymans – Mr. Campbell came from Walthrops took supper with us and went to Wymans – Carpenter had 33 3/6 lb pork had pay for oxen at night.  D. repairing sleighs and chopping on own.

Wednesday 28th January 1818 Weather cloudy and moderate went to see George Moore east end of 1458 and west end 1458 at $3. per acre for 1458 and 1453 at $4. acre  George chose 1453 to give amount within 2 weeks.  Give Robert order on C. Clark for $7.50 goods and order on C. Walthrope for cash $2.50 Agreed with Leonord Hall to make rails at 50 cts per hundred, board him, to pay him out of Clarks store.  Mr. Moore chopping wood.  Self fell into the brook.  Afternoon clear and cold. Carpenter got small load straw.

Thursday 29th Jan 1818 cold and squalls of snow.  Mr. Moore Self – cleaned about 13 bushel wheat Afternoon Moore chopped wood at the door.  Mr. Carpenter got 6 # chocolate Mr. Dickson started to go to Annas for good took Mary to Bloomfield sent Fanny some small presents by Mary.

Friday Jan. 30th 1818 Morning very cold.  Mr. Shannon after breakfast took my appointment and went and give E Carpenter an order in favor of EH on Walthroup for $5.50 and one on H. Hunt for $5.50 and the other to be returned.  Carpenter going to Brawleys to buy hay and oats.  Mr. Moore doing chores, broke axe, to tired to grind.  Mr. Carpenter returned the order on Mr. Hunt.  James again agrees to take the balance of 1458 and has sold or bargained the same away to Robert Campbell for $3.50 per acre.  James had 3# chocolate.

Saturday 31st Jan. 1818 Day cold.  Mr. Moore chopping wood at door.  Self filing and arranging papers.  Carpenter went to Hugh Brawleys and got 400 Hay and 7 ½ bu. Oats.  Went Mead for trunk – found nobody home – fell off the load of hay into the brook.

 Sunday Feb. 1st 1818 – Cold – Mr. Moore chopping wood at door.  Self filing and arranging papers.  Sign of rain in evening.  Carpenter went to Melthorps to get boots and left mine.  Wallhimmer, E Hunt and Mr. Owen called.  Robert Campbell in evening got pair taps.

Monday Feb. 2nd 1818 Morning dandy – day pleasant.  Went to Meadville with Carpenter – he carried about 4 ½ bu. Wheat to mill.  C. got 1 hog from Wm and J. Carter wt. 180 # at 7 cts.  1 ditto wt. 132 # at 6 cts.  Got goods of C-store $10.87  Came home in the evening.  Broke tongue and roler out of sled near the old shanty this side of Malthorp sugar camp.  Came on over the top of hill and left sled and hogs to take care of  themselves, reached home 9 oc.  Took book from Library, ‘Stewart Philosophy of the human mind’  Left with Mr. Reynolds treasurers deed for 400 acres land in Beaver Township in name of Samuel McKay.  Tax having been previous paid by Huidekoper to get money from commissioners $15.39 – Als deed for 1687 redeemed by J. Hamilton $11. 52 also deed for 300 acres in Venango name of Neil Dough city $15.00, also note of Abraham about $85.00 to collect $50.   had $6.00 cash of Mr. Reynolds.  Paid Foster due on pork.  Bought barrel salt of C. Clark $10.  Paid for goods $4.75  Carried two barrels potash to C. Clark wt. about 900# for storage.  Hall began to cut rail timber this day.  Mrs. Wyman here.

Tues. Feb. 3rd 1818 A very extraordinary snow storm from north east.  Commenced about sunrise and con’t till about 12 at night.  Fell in all 28 in. this has far exceeded anything known since the settlement of this country.  Mr. Carpenter brot home sled in the morning with the salt had 66 # salt I had the load of 36# flour in pillow case.  Mr. Moore doing chores and making bobsled for Father.  Mr. Shannon came for potatoes and straw.  Campbell and Cutshall began to thresh for James but was driven off by storm.  Hall chopped rail fence timber in forenoon.  Wm Macthorpe took my load of buckets from James Lachlin and returned from French Creek.  Hall went off after dinner and did not return.

Wednesday Feb. 4 1818 Day fair and somewhat cold.  Thawed a little on the south side of the house.  W. Lachlin and Moore went hunting in the morning but soon returned on account of the great depth of snow.  W & M making tongue and roller for sled.  Snowed in the evening.  Carpenter bargained to hall wood for potash –

Thursday 5th Feb. 1818 W. Lachlin went hunting followed a deer but killed none.  Snow in the morning.  Day cold and cloudy.  Carpenter hauled wood to potash.  Wm Radle broke road to Stewarts – Self reading.

Friday 6th Feb. 1818 Weather clear and cold.  Evening cloudy.  Some part of the day shoveling away snow, a thing which I have not been under the necessity of doing for four years.  W. Lachlin and Moore breaking road to C. Walthroup with oxen and horses.  Robert Campbell threashing  James wheat.  Carpenter hauling wood to potash.  Brot Carpenters boots and mine from kitchen.

Saturday 7th Feb. 1818 Morning clear and cold, squalls of snow.  All hands getting wood.  Carpenter hauling wood for potash.  Campbell threshing James wheat.

Sunday 8th Feb. 1818 Morning cloudy and snowy – wind south and S/W changed about 9 oc to N/W and blew cold with squalls of snow – James Campbell haulded away a load of straw on our sled.  More snow and rough cold weather than ever before to the first settlement in the country.  Read ‘The trial of Hodge of the Island’ as for told for understanding his slaves and lent the book to Carpenter.

Monday Feb 9th 1818 Morning extreme cold.  Went into the woods to make road to rails.  Sweat with fatigue and almost froze my feet.  W.L. hunting shot at two deer and killed none.  Mr. Moore broke his axe on account the wood very hard froze.  Carpenter went to mill with sled.  His oxen and mine brot home two bags of flour belonging to me.  Lent 107# flour and boy to carry it home.  James cleaned up wheat.

Friday Feb. 10th 1818 Extreme cold, air clear.  Very little done this day.  Moore doing small things, choped some wood at door. W. made axe handle.  Carpenter hauled wood to potash.  Self reading Philosophy of the human mind.  W. hunting shot a deer thru the ear but did not kill.  R.C. took away what wheat James had on floor.  This night clear and extremely cold and penetrating.  Carpenter hauled wood to potash.

Wednesday Feb 11 1818 Morning coldest that has yet been felt this winter, perhaps for many years 24 below zero.  Carpenters men quit work on account of the cold.  Broke all his axes.  Some signs of change in the weather M. Laughlin went away after breakfast.   All hands breaking road to rails in the afternoon.  Haules 33.  Self went hunting, found nothing, lost powder horn.

Thursday Feb. 12 1818 Weather rather more mild.  H. Laughlin hauled 342 rails off Wallhammers.  Emilina  found hen after 10 days abandoned in the snow, sound and in good health.  Found powder horn.  Carpenter hauling wood to potash.

Friday Feb. 13, 1818 Morning severe and very sharp air – Sign of a thaw.  Carpenter took his chain an borrowed bag – brought home the potatoes I bought of Mead about 10 bu. From lower end of field – some snow in the afternoon – Carpenter got hay and oats from Brawleys. C. finished chopping wood at Potash.  Hauled 208 rails of Wallhimmer – Carpenter here in evening and agreed with me to pay Hall $2.25 .  he left his load of hay in the spring run.  Did not freeze last night.

Sat. 14 Feb. 1818 Carpenter had my oxen in the morning to help home with his hay – gave Hall an order on Clarks store for $8.25 $2.50 was charged to Carpenter $2.75 to Moore.50 loaned him and charged him the balance $2.50 James W. Lacklin killed a deer about 60 rod from the house brousing – morning warm and some snow falling – rain about the middle of the day – wind shifted to N/W about middle of afternoon attended with a violent squall of snow, which continued till after dark – got some bark of the dogwood for medicine. W. hunting till near night – ground broken axe.  Gave Capt nearly 1 fore quarter venison – Mr. Moore cut some wood.  Mr. Jones ground axes.  Searched for more rails but found none.

Sun. 15th Feb 1818 Colder, cloudy.  James here got piece of venison.  Estimation of the timber for mill, expenses for building Mill Dam $700. Without shingling.  He agrees if built to pay half the expenses back to me.  A letter from Thorp Barney dated the 23rd day of Feb 1818 in which he asks the following questions.  How much land sold – answered by particular  statement of all sold by Self and exchange

Monday – Feb 16th 1818 Weather clear and cold.  W. Laughlin and self worked about sawmill in forenoon.  Moore getting wood.  Carpenter logging.  Circle around the moon bright like rainbow.

Tues.  Feb 17th 1818 Morning cold – Day comfortable – Snow evening.  Exchanged with Mr. Jones 18# flour for 18# seed corn.  W. chopped wood at door.  Cut large birch tree for hauling.  Marked division of the 40 acre piece belonging to Carpenter’s job.  Agreed to take the big cherry cut by Carpenter 48ft. long off the ground to have it.  Mr. Hill came here to buy some sugar for Alex Johnson but got none.  Mr. Moore to hall the (?) he make over 500 as we have this day agreed.  Carpenter informed me he had 2 summons served on him.

Wed Feb 18, 1818 Morning more mild. Clouds look like rain.  Making out and arranging papers to carry to town.  W.L. & Moore hauling wood.  Hugh Brawley came here about 12 oc and took away razor and can.  Gilson surveying.  An order on Mrs Rickard for box containing Warners clothes, for which he is to receipt, on Warners order and leave with Mrs. Rickard – Asked me if I was to pay for the hay and oats Carpenter had bought of him – answer in the affirmative – Went with him to Capt Malthroup found him sick a bed.  Found Ward Barney there and gave him account of Jane Black for $2.10.  Gave Mr. Peck to hand over to Capt Malthroupe a subscription paper, signed by himself.  Sackett, Mr. Ferton and others for the use of the road.  Gave Ward Barney 2 receipts for D-Tax. W C. Wagner before night and went to Wymans

Thurs 19th Feb. 1818 Sharp air – day pleasant.  All men splitting and piling wood at door.  Laughlin went hunting afternoon.  Sign of rain.

Fri. 20th Feb. 1818 Morning cloudy – squalls snow and wind, tolerable warm evening  looks like rain.  McLaughlin came by with lame hand – Self chopping wood in woods.  Moore hauling all day – Wallhammer says he does not know how many rails he cut and made and will make up deficiency as soon as the weather will permit.

Sat. Feb. 21 – 1818 Morning warm and some cloudy.  Mr. Moore chopping at door. McL lame hand.  Carpenter hauling timber for ash with my oxen – afternoon went with Carpenter to J. Brawleys Esq. To make bargain between him?  Action not made out.  Grew cool in the evening – Mr. Moore chopped wood at the door.  Mrs. C & F agreed to pay my order in town to Brawley.  Dick took no judgement to Carpenter. 

Sun. Feb. 22 – 1818 Snow fallen in the night about 3 inches.  Morning cloudy Wm Barney W. Cracken A. Johnson – James Brawley – Alec Stewart – Carpenter here made some inquiries about surveying land.

Monday Feb. 23rd 1818  Morning clear and cold.  Went to Meadville.  M.L.W. Barney and Gardner W. Cracken.  Dol of Col. Bean collected of Higley and by W. Cracken took his receipt for the Col. Bean charged 5 per cent for collection. Book to Library.  Team stayed all night at W.  Stayed all night at Gibsons – Mr. Moore did small jobs about house.

Tues. 24th Feb. 1818 Got Reynolds and Lord oxen to haul kettle up from potash – loaded and W.L. started with it about noon got same night safe.  W. Cracken exchanged about $15.  Thorps B. money for which he paid premium of $3.70 – I paid W. Cracken for Carpenters due bill $2.00  sent T.B. by him long letter stateing many particulars.  W. Cracken started for home.  Paid J & J. D. the amount of their account as per Rep. $9.36 – W. Cracken returned this morning.  Working for self.

Wed. 25 Feb. 1818 Saw Samuel B. Foster about 1496 says he is not employed as attorney – I was kept up in consequence of Ball at Gibsons all night.  I did not attend it.  Bought 1 barrell flour $5. Conversed with W. Calmount about Dr. Adams claim, says he thinks there will be nothing done about it.  McLaughlin helped W. Dickson out of woods with team. 

Thurs. Feb 1818 Weather clear and cold – got $20. of W. Reynolds paid Betts his amount $8.87 Paid C Clark $7. borrowed of him pay for flour  Paid James Brawley $5.50 on account of Carpenter and took up my order.  Paid bills $7.  Paid W. Collum $2.50 for ½ gal. Brandy .37 cents for books.  Paid Collum for almanack.  Came home to Alexander Johnson, stay with him all nite.  Andrew Worke’s funereal 2 o’c this day.  Called on Field for cash this day and got none, lent Carpenter 28# flour – Dickson working for self.  W. Lacklin chopping wood at door – Mr. Moore unwell.

Fri. Feb 27 1818 Day warm south wind.  Left Alexander Johnson in morning.  James W. & Warner Waid cleaning up wheat for self.  A. Johnson and  Hickock and called at Capt Walthrops found him getting better.  Carpenter caught Turkey in pen.

Sat Feb. 28 1818 Morning and day warm and pleasant.  W. L. and self went to Brawleys and got 20 chestnut boards about 15 ft long and 20 Hemlock about 13 or 14 ft .  Mr. Moore unwell doing small things about house.  W. – young Dutchman came here and wished to compromise about 1496 – told him I would give him one hundred dollars payable at some future day.  He went to Meadville and agreed to return on Monday morn, Dickson, Wyman and Carpenter went to Meadville with horses and Dickson sleigh-got my cooler-Leach Boards and iron hoops and barrel flour for Carpenter-Broke sleigh, left load at ? got home about 9 oc evening.  W.C. went home with Wyman.  Agreed with W.L. to build M-roof and all for $220.  Carried cow hide to ? wt 63#

Sun. Feb. 29 1818 Day constant rain.  W.L. returned in morning.  Carpenter got home load in morning.  Dickson went to Wymans.  Self reading philosophy – D. – returned before dinner.  Rained after night. 

9th March 1818 Beautiful day.  Moore went to mill carried 12 bushel wheat and brot back 400 flour out of 26 bushel he had left before.  Recorded as follows: Ground 1 bu flour weighed 37 Ό which would leave due me on the 26 bushel 1334 H. out of which deduct 397 by Carpenter and Moore leaves 937 from which deduct 400.  My due 537 which Capt. Walthrop gave his word should be sent out to my house – Hotchkiss acknowledged he had taken for himself 117# and let Johnson have 68# - brought home for Wyman flour and bran of 5 bushel wheat and a kettle for Carpenter brot to mill by Mr. Weller – letter with Capt Walthorp and balanced accounts – W. Lachlin getting and hewing timber for mill – endorsed Capt Walthorps note in bank for $150 and borrowed $50 gave order in favor of Campbell to A. Johnson for $3.  Rickard left with Capt.  

10th March 1818 Mr. Moore distributing sap buckets and hauling down kettles and troughs – Self went to mill and got flour of the wheat left yesterday – brought from Capt. Walthrops a large kettle for Wyman – got all my bags from mill – Mr. Dickson and wife returned about noon from Bloomfield.  M. Lachlin getting timber for mill – Weather clear and warm.  Thomas McFadden moved onto the Public lot North of Mr. Radle.

11th March 1818 Morning and day warm and beautiful.  Snow reduced to about 6 in. in clear land 5 or 10 in. in woods. Mr. Moore and Wyman tapped all our trees but 29.  Self prepared timber for roof of house and helped Campbell haul Wymans logs.  Carpenter went after hay, got none brought home his flour from mill. W.L. getting lumber for mill.

12th March 1818 Day warm and beautiful.  James had my oxen to haul down trough in the morning – Carpenter had oxen to haul load of ashes – Mr. Barney came in the afternoon and tarried all night.  Self in evening read, La Waume’s Campaign in Russia.

13th March 1818 warm day, fine – M.L. & Dickson working at house frameing rafters – Self getting some timber from woods.  Carpenter had my oxen to haul load of ashes.  Ward Barney left this morning.  Mr. Moore at sugar camp.  Self mending shoes.  Hunts cow got in our yard and come near dying.  Carpenter had some bundles of rye straw.

14th March 1818 Morning very warm and rainy.  At 8 A.M. wind shifted to N/W and grew something cooler.  Snow nearly gone.  Grass begins to look green.  Mr. Moore sugared off 23# for the first. Carpenter had my oxen to haul 2 loads of ashes.  I got home 7 bushel potatoes from the hole.  Mr. D. making lasts for self before dinner.  M.L. making pins and working at house forenoon – Afternoon Mr. D and W.L. putting rafters on house, two of Carpenters men helped to raise them.

 15th March 1818 Dickson and Wyman went to town to get cloth for strainers. 

 16th March 1818 Wind cold, day clear.  Self laying up rail fence.  Mr. Moore went to mill and got 300 ft. of wide and narrow boards. Carpenter had horses to bring load of hay from Hugh Brawley – W.L. hauling mill-timber – Dickson for self.

 17th March 1818 Cold wind.  M.L. getting out mill timber.  Dickson working for self.  Self making fence.  Mr. Moore at sugar camp forenoon.  William Waid came home three young men came with him.  Rec’d line from Ward Barney.  James called with keg wiskey.  Borrowed of him 1 qt.  Carpenter had horses to go to Hugh Brawleys for hay.  Mr. Jones and son been grinding.  Brot home store hammer.  Cutshall boys home for settlement.

 18th March 1818 Wind cold, day clear and pleasantWent in morning and showed the young men from N.Y. State Ward Barneys land.  They were much pleased with it.  M.L. getting out timber.  Mr. Moore at sugar camp.  Waid resting. Dickson working for self.  Self at fence.  Carpenter had my oxen to haul ashes.

 19th March 1818 Day fine.  Williams began to put fence around east end of Hog pasture.  Afternoon hauled 3 load rails to the field with oxen and another load making 125 – Mr. Moore working at sugar camp.  Mr. Hall began to split rails 257.  W.L. hauling mill timber.  Mr. Dickson for self, but little sap as yet.  Capt. Walthrop here wished to go to election tomorrow to vote for L. Lord – supervisor – went to Wymans and Waids.  Wyman and Campbell came with sleigh and took away wheat – somewhat afflicted with rheumatism.

20th March 1818 Weather somewhat cloudy, south wind and warm.  W.L. went to town, sent order on Douglop for 2 pr. Thick shoes and in case that failed another on C. Clark for 2 pr. One or the other to be returned. W. hauled one load of rails from hog pasture and one from woods.  Carpenters ox failed.  Had our oxen and horses to haul load of ashes in evening.  Hall split 250 rails.  Self made fence north east end of Hog pasture.  Sap run tolerably well in afternoon.  Mr. Dickson worked for self.  Township election held this day.  L. Lord run for Supervisor.  Ward Barney for constable – I gave W. Lacklin an order on Hunt for $3. cash to pay C. Clark for Timothy seed at 75 cents bushel to be left till I can send for the same.  W. Lachlin returned from Meadville about 10 oc. Evening and brot 2 pair shoes for Carpenter $4.50 left $3. with Clark for grass seed.  Touch of Rheumatism.  Lord elected Supervisor.

21st March 1818 Wind from South.  Carpenter to draw 2 load ashes.  Took my boots to Mr. Noble to tap and cap them.  L. & Waid went to woods – Got plough handle in forenoon.  W.L. went to Noble in afternoon to get his boots fixed, did not succeed – brought home mine done just at night.  Waid and self did something to plough.  Mr. Moore working at sugar camp gathered 100 buckets of sap.  Dickson working at sugar for self.  Carpenter went out in afternoon to buy yoke of oxen.  Rain in afternoon.  Rheumatism continued.  Mr. Moore at sugar camp all night.

 22 March 1818 Day cloudy and thawing.  Dickson boiling sap for self.  Mr. Moore boiling sap.  Sow dead this morning.  Rheumitism somewhat violent in right arm, right leg and various places.  Carpenter not returned.  W.L. & Waid went to Mr. Jones and found him making off sugar.  Mr. Jones to hold a meeting at his house next Sun.  Hunt, Owen and Austin went to Hunts farm at Woodcock.  Dickson at sugar camp evening – Mr. Moore at camp all night.

23rd March 1818 Cloudy, some showers and snow.  W.M.L making plough – Waid hauling rails – Dickson at sugar camp – Mr. Moore making sugar – Self doing small chores, afternoon cut large white oak got off piece for Mouldboard for plough, Rheumatism in night.  Had Carpenters sled and haulded 120 rails – Carpenter not returned.

24th March 1818 Day fine – great sap day gathered 111 buckets.  Self tapped more trees in forenoon.  Self boiling with small pots and pans in the house.  Dickson making sugar for self – sugared off about 10#.  Waid hauling rails (107)  Hall splitting rails (300) Carpenter got home in forenoon with yoke of oxen which he bought of Adams Bradford for which I signed a note with him payable the first of July for $75.00 – Hall says he has made 1150 on the West hill.  Emiline assisting Mr. Moore at sugar camp.  W. H. hewing mill timber – set out two trees north the house in hog pasture.  One hickory in junction of two springs.

25th March 1818 Morning fine and warm cloudy in evening.  Rained in the night.   W. hauled 140 rails off Halls chopping and splitting.  Hall splitting rails on hill north of house.  (300)  M.L. hewing mill timber.  Mr. Moore working at sugar camps.  Carpenter clearing, worked together old and new ox, proved good.  Dickson and wife making sugar for themselves.  Mrs. Guy made of some sugar about 5# of a very superior quality and boiled more sap collected from near house.  James brot small jug whiskey to Moore Camp and stayed there till it was all drinked up.  Rheumatism bad – unusal – up in night.  Waid went to Hickocks got shoes on horse.  Mrs. Guy sugared off.  M.L. working at plough.  Hall resting on account of rain.  Carpenters 2 hands.  Austin and Owen threashing part of the day spring wheat for seed (12 doz) Carpenter went to Brawleys for rye got none) got some at Radles on account of Alex Johnson.  I brot home hammer and pinchers from Cps.  He had my oxen to haul one load of ashes.  Dickson worked at sugar camp for self.  Mr. Moore at sugar camp brought up one full pail syrup.

Friday 27, March 1818 Snow fell 3 or 4 in. in the course of the day.  Williams hauled 121 rails of Halls – Mr. Moore brought 117# sugar (sugared off this day) Mrs. Guy sugared off 15# from syrup brot up by Mr. Moore yesterday.  A little superior quality made at home.  W.L. finished the plough.  Dickson working at sugar camp for self, and cut his toe.  Austin and Owen two of Carpenters men threashing spring wheat in the forenoon.  D – Carpenter and Hunt cleaned out big leach.  Self fixed place in barn for oxen.

Sat. March 28th 1818  Morning cold and cloudy.  Carpenter gone to town with horse, give him an order for $5. give order on C. Clark for 1 pair thick shoes for Mr. Moore.  Mr.  Moore at sugar camp.  W.L. halling rails put Dicksons mare into the team.  James here in the morning got his hoe, hammer and awl.  (rheumatism in back badly)  W. L. hewing timber.  W. halling rails off Halls – Moore at sugar camp. 

Sun. March 29th 1818 Morning cloudy with squalls of snow.  At noon clear and pleasant.  Sap started.  Carpenter returned in morning after having performed Tom Fools Errand and brot the old Capt. Home again, not a welcome sight – Mr. Joe Jones this day commenced holding forth in a public way at his own house about 30 persons it is said attended.  Assistants Capt.  Dewey and Andrew McFadden.  M.L. and Waid went to Warner.  James and wife came here in evening and stayed till 9 oc.

Mon. 30th March 1818 Morning rain, turned to squalls of snow cleared before noon for very short time.  Sap run tolerable well.  M.L. went off in morning.  Braymer came here to work about 10 oc A.M. Got him at laying up rail fence on the East end of improvement – horse helped Carpenter hall up one load ashes in morning and in evening – Carpenter killed his pig – had barrel to scald it in.  Mr. Moore brot home 41# burnt sugar – gathered and boiled 18 pail full in house.  M.L. came home at noon then absent till night (a little cocked) squalls of rain, snow and hail with high wind continued thru the night.  W. halling old rails to east end of improvement.  Dickson working for self.  Mr. Moore came home about ½ after nine in good spirits – James came from Walthroups with full keg on back.

Tues 31st March 1818 Day clear and wind cold.  Sap run well in afternoon.  Braymer laying up fence East end and North east corner to swamp.  W. hauling rails.  Mr. Moore at sugar camp – Hall splitting rails 250 Dickson making sugar for self.

April 1st Wednesday 1818 Weather clear and warm signs of rain.  Forenoon Braymer laying up rail fence north side of improvement – Sugared off in the house 18# sugar out of Mr. Moore's syrup.  7# we made in house.  Mr. M.L. hewing mill timber.  Hall making rails, finishes what he says will make (1900) in all – Waid hauled 207 rails of Halls make.  Dickson and W making sugar for self.  Carpenter logging, made the largest heap on the job.  Daniel Hunt quit Carpenter this morning.

April 2nd Thurs. 1818 Morning rainy till 8 o’c day cloudy and warm Braymer after rain laying fence on north side improvement.  Afternoon west  end – Waid hauling rails (110) off Halls (30) off Wallhimmers.  Mr. Moore at Sugar Camp, sap run all night.  Sugared off in the house 23 1/4 # dry sugar of Mr. Moore’s syrup.  Hall quit and went off this morning.

April 3rd. Fri. 1818 Cloudy and misty.  Sugared off 15# Mr. Moore's.  W.L. split 403 rails old timber.  Braymer and self finished fence.  M.L. hewing.  Door broken open & ? eat Shannon's potatoes.

April 10th Fri. 1818 Day clear and beautiful.  M.L. hewing mill timber –  Moore hauling rails – Mr. Dickson working at N. house.  James sewing spring wheat.  Carpenters men threshed spring wheat afternoon.  Offered E. H. $15 per month for 7 mon.  $75. cash when time out, clothing if wanted.  He wanted all money except what wanted for clothing.  Waid sick or unwell did not work.  D.H. brot his oxen to Carpenters, making sled.  James harrowing in spring wheat with my harrow.  Old gentleman has appeared to be probably deranged for 3 or 4 days.

April Sat. 11th 1818 Weather clear and warm.  Carpenter with Austin, Owen and Eben. Hunt laying fence for me.  Waid went to Mr. C – and got 2 bus. Timothy seeds ½ bu due.  Sap run Moore gathered 60 buckets.  Dickson and m. l. working at new house.  Eben. Hunt agreed to work for me 7 months at $15. mon.   Time commenced Apr. 6th.  Carpenter to pay 6th to this day.  James has my harrow this day.  Daniel Hunt helped 1 or 2 hr. toward evening and Eben helped him grind his axe.  A. Austin here to buy spring wheat about noon.  I promised him 3 bushels, coming to thresh next Wed.

 April 12, Sun. 1818 Wind at N/W and cool.  Mr. Chase preached at Capt. Walthroups – Sap run some.  Dickson at Camp.  Mat C. Eben Hunt taking care of cow.  Give Eben Hunt $3. to Mr. Radle for working.  Susan came home from Wm.

April 13th 1818 Weather clear and windy.  Cleaned up about 8 bu. Spring wheat.  M.L. and Dickson working at house shingling.  Mr. Moore at S.C. brought syrup enough to make 8 gal.  molasses.  R. Campbell finished sewing spring wheat.  W. cut big cherry and split 43 rails.  Sap run forenoon, James sent keg for whisky by Hunt.  James brot Susan little pail sugar.

April 14th Tues, 1818 Weather clear and warm south wind.  Grew hasey toward evening – signs of rain.  small shower in the night.  W.L. finished splitting rails of cherry about middle of afternoon (160)  Mr. Moore boiling sap. Brought 2 buckets syrup.  W.L. hewing mill timber. James came home with keg whiskey – set out 6 elm trees. 1 in hog pasture, 1 on point – 1 by cellar 2 on flat by the creek and a great row of willows and poplars near the creek.  Mr. Dickson forenoon at house, rails ran out.  Killed snake 1st I have seen. 

April 15th Wed. 1818 Weather Sun more clear and very red.  Wind from the south.  Flowers begin to blossom.  Carpenter had oxen to haul load ashes in the morning.  Woman boiling molasses.  Old sow presented us with nine pigs this morning.  M.L. hewing.   Mr. Dickson working for self.  Mr. Austin threashed my spring wheat.  Cleaned up 4 or 5 bu. Spring wheat.  D. Hunt left bag here for Capt. Walthroupe if he calls for it.  W. hauling rails, making post holes.  Heavy rain commenced about 2 o’c p.m. and continued until ½ after 4 oc.  Mr. Hunt called here on his way from town and talked of Spanish War.  Carpenter got straw – had oxen to haul it.

Thurs. 16th April 1818 Morning cloudy and windy.  Afternoon clear evening cool.  Mr. Moore and L. hauling cherry rails and finishing fence, afternoon got 12 rails and made bars at west end of house.  Mr. Dixn for self.  M.L. went to French Creek.  Finished cleaning Spring wheat about 4 ½ bu.  Mr. Jones grinding.  Sat out an Elm at end of potash.  Sowed some grass seed in hog pasture.  D. Hunt came in evening to stay.  Planted out some butternut scions on bottom by the creek at the west end of improvement and planted one in ground near cellar.

Fri. 17th April 1818 Morning cloudy and cool.  Hail and rain, some large flakes snow mingled with rain, rain in afternoon.  W.M. made bars by Carpenters house in the morning.  Finished the fence all around the field, hog pasture did.  Began and ploughed the garden in part, Dixon working for self.  Had Carpenters oxen to plough about an hour.  Hogs got to Wm’s potatoes.  He clogged them and came up and quarreled and made use of  abusive language.  D.H. moved out to his own place this day.  Had my horses sled and short chain.  W. went to inform Wyman that hogs had found his potatoes and I watched them while gone and laid logs over them to keep them off.  Men are to apt to render evil for good. Ingratitude is a sin that carries with it a severe sting and is pecularily adapted to damp and discourage from doing acts of kindness – Turned out this morning from field C. horse – Wm mare and colt – C. oxen – Wms. Cow – Dixn horse and mare – C. cow and my own cows.

Sat. 18th April 1818 Morning snow perhaps 3 inches with wind from N/W – but little storm A.M. W. got cow. Made axe handle.  Mr. Moore wetting leach tub.  Things look rather gloomy – no oats. – but little corn – cattle and horses rather hungry!!  Faces rather long.  All helps to fill up the miserable span of man – Oh!  Thou Flatterer Hope, placed in the Breast of man, by the wisdom of Diety to incourage him on thru the thorny path of life, without which we would inevitably fall into the abyss of despair – it is still persueing a fathom, grasps at a shadow, anticipating joys which we shall never realize (for what purpose was man formed?)  God knows man is short sighted.  God is wise!  Waid went off at noon with Alexander Johnson to buy cow, returned in evening brought Mr. Dixn likewise – went to Brawleys returned evening.  Mr. Moore fixed place to put out calf.  Alex. Johnson wishes to sell me two cows, presented me the dubill James sold him and requested payment.  James W. Lachlin returned from French Creek in the evening.  Carpenter threashed a doz. Wheat and took the straw.  Continued snowing thru night, fell 4 inches. – cold – gave Hall an order on Capt Walthroupe for 3 dollars to pay for 10 bu. potatoes.

Sun. 19th April 1818 Morning cold and somewhat frozen, squalls of snow thru the day (weather remarkably cold and stormy for the season)  The buds on the trees scarcely begin to swell – W.M. gone to Malthropes.  M & W gone out.  Dixn absent – self reading Philosopual works – Keeping for cattle scarce.

Mon. 20th April 1818 Morning snow and cold lookes like Dec.  Eben. Hunt began to work here – Dixn broke axe, M.L. borrowed cross cut saw.  Mr. Cutshall to saw timber for cogs.  I went to Alex Johnsons carried 6 bags, among which were I big one of Mr. Dickson, 2 Carpenters – paid 13 dollars on Wm Waid account.  The bags he is to send to town to get grain.  Settled with Mr. Moore his whole account.  Previous to this date found to be $109.47

Gave an order on H. Hunt -----10.00

Gave an order on C. Clark -----10.00

 Gave an order on Douglass 1 pr thick shoes                                8.25                                                 137.72

Mr. Dickson broke his axe, all the steel off.  Went up to Capt. Walthorpes with me for another.  W. L. sawing timber for cogs.  Wm helped him.  E.H. threashing in the morning and helping to get potatoes from Cutshall. 20 bushel of Hall by Carpenter.  An exlipse of the moon this eve.  7 pigs this morning 4 died at night.

Tues 21st April 1818 Morning still snowing, gloomy aspects, hard time for cattle and melcolony times for men (the snow is 6in. deep and yet squalls continue.)  E.H. making and hauling rails for garden fence.  M.L. gone this morning to French Creek – Carpenter went to A. Johnson and got W.D. cow.  W. Dill not gone.  Dixon working for self.  Hugh Brawley here and dined wanted money of Carpenter – or me on his account – Carpenters men making leach tub.

Wed. 22 April 1818 Weather cloudy some squalls snow.  Haulling rails and stakes.  Splitting and hauling cogs for mill Carpenter gone to town, to buy grain for cattle and pork for self and sent by him to get 1 kitt 8 penny nails of McGaw.  His men tearing down arch, finishing leaches and hauling clay.  Rough, hail and chilly winds in the afternoon (no prospect of warmer weather, bought E.H. calf $1.00 Wrote to Barney to assist Carpenter to get some pork – threased some spring wheat in the morning. Wm Walthroupe after potatoes to Wymans – took away the sled boards left here by Hunt.

Thurs. 23rd April 1818 Morning clear and beautiful, about 9 o’c clouds began to fly from N.W. and with cold wind some trifling squalls of rough hail and snow.  Thawed some and sap run tolerable well.  Carpenter returned from town got no pork and but 5 b. Rye.  Dixn and Wyman getting shingle timber for D. dined here.  W. went home.  Carpenter and Austin setting kettles.  W. H. threashing spring wheat 10 doz.  Helped me clean up 8 bus. In the morning.  Daniel Hunt borrowed my 2 in auger.  Small sow had 8 pigs this morning 20 in all living – cleaned up – B. in evening – All hands called on to help Carpenter to get cow out of creek which was effective after much hard lifting by means of a fork set in the ground with a long lever a bandage under belly.

Friday 24th April 1818 Morning very frosty, snow which acc. 2 in. froze hard, air severe, sun rose clear and beautiful, prospect of a fine day.  good sugar weather.  H. cow died last night.  Eben. Gone from 8 in morn. Till 11 A.M. went to skin cow.  W. went home with ½ bu. Grass seed to sow at 10 o’c back at 12 o’c Greatest run of sap this season.  Carpenter has what he makes.  Dixn hauled H. logs.

Sat. 25th April 1818 – Morning clear and beautiful.  South wind rose about 8 A.M. a sprinkling of rain about 10 A.M.  High S/W wind D. Hunt brot back 2 in. auger.  Sold him 64# wheat and delivered 63# of James wheat out of big tub, lent James 57# and delivered it to Hunt.  Gathered 11 buckets sap near house – ploughed ground, dug out some stumps.  Made pins to pin garden fence.  Carpenter gathered in 375 buckets sap.  He sent Wm Owen to mill got 2 bus. Rye and 70 # flour of Hotchkiss on acct. of the deficiency of the wheat I sent to mill last winter.  Death of Mr. Miller by the fall of a tree yesterday, his funeral today. "Man who is born of a woman cometh up like a flower and is cut down"  What is life but a vapor, an empty shadow?  rain in eve.

Sun. 26th April 1818 cloudy and intermediate sun shone.  Grass looks very green-Sugar trees still running-Sugared off 71/1/2 pounds sugars of a superior quality.  Dixon and W gone to James B.  Mr. Moore returned from town about sunset  E.H. went home and returned at evening-dug a considerable quanity of the real wild onion for salad.

Monday 27th April 1818 Morning sun rose beautiful, wind blew up from N/W about 9 o'clock A.M. and blew cold thru the day.  Making garden fence with Mr. Moore in afternoon.  Waid ploughing before house, plowed 1/2 acre.  E.H. chopping brush.  Middle afternoon went to mill and got meal of 3 B. Rye and brot home  1 M nails in saddle bags, engaged Moore rye of Hotchkiss.

Tues 28th April 1818 Cold N/W wind and some flying rough snow.  Froze something hard in the morning in 1/4 in of still water-sap yet runs.  Times look gloomy-Dxn gone to mill for boards got 220 ft near home and left them.  Campbell and Austin cleaned up the remainder of Wymans spring wheat.  Carpenter began to leach ashes - Mr. Moore and self making garden fence.   E.H. clearing mill yard  W. plowing before house - lent Austin short bag to carry home spring wheat.

Wed. 29th April 1818 Cold winds and clouds with flying snow.  W. plowing E. Hunt clearing mill yard.  Mr. Moore making garden fence.  Self made soap in morning 12 buckets.  Dixn at his own affairs.  Mr. Jones came here in the morning, requested me to recommend him to Judge Moore as a man worthy of credit.  Lord Walthroup came in the evening and put up.

Thurs. 30th April 1818 Weather more mild, clear, sun shines warm.  Lord Walthroup started early before breakfast - sowed 2 Bu. spring wheat south of the house.  Washed in a solution of nitre and alkili - afternoon all hands gone to raising Dixn house - Mr. Moore working at barnyard fence, in forenoon.  W. Harrowing.  house raised all but putting on shingles.  Had my oxen to haul part of H. timer towards night - Jacob Cutshall says I must pay for the plow and need not return it.

Friday 1st May 1818 Morning a little rain and foggy.  Warm and beautiful.  Sun came out about 8 A.M.  - sowed 1 Bu. wheat south of the house upon the bank.  Steeped all nite in a solution of nitre & alkili - sowed 1 Bu. washed in discolored alkili next to house.  w. harrowing.  Mr. Moore doing chores and making garden gate  Sat 4 cherry trees in garden.  E.H. heaping brush.  Carpenter went to town with horses and Dixn wagon to get 3 bu. rye.  Mrs. Dickson and Marietta boiling sap, brot home 2 pails syrup and left 2 at camp.  trees still run some. The like of this was perhaps never known at this season.  Planted 35 plumb stones and some peach in garden, planted some plumb trees. 

Sat. 2nd May 1818 Weather cloudy and not so warm.  Digging and preparing garden.  Planted some apple seeds and peach stone, planted 2 rows currants on south side - 2 rows on east end and 1 on north side of garden.  Planted some  ? of pears and some small peach trees.  W. finished harrowing wheat south of house, ploughed and sowed old garden with wheat and grass seed.  Mr. Moore digging for onion beds.  Carpenter returned from town with the meal of 10 bu. rye bought of Mr. Reynolds.  he had 1/2 of it except 2 bu. which he paid Alexander Johnson.  Austin began to make off salts about $1.00  Mr. Dixon making shingles for self - found an old French axe, lying in the garden, about 7 in. underground some particles of brass as large as a bean attached to the surface of the axe.  Mr. Moore borrowed Mr. Cutshalls grubbing hoe.  The wheat sowed in the old garden ground not washed at all.  A mist of rain falling during the time it was sown.  The cattle now begin to live well in the woods.  The oxen refuse to eat rye meal and straw.

Sun 3rd May 1818 Morning cloudy and rain, wind from N/W and cold began to snow mingled with rain at 1/2 past 3:a.m.  9p.m. snowing violently.  James here and brought cucumber seed, and got a few peas to plant in garden and some other garden seed.

Mon 4th May 1818 8 a.m.  snow 8 in. deep.  trees loaded, many saplings bowed down to the ground.  All the small trees have the appearance of weeping willows, and well they may weep, for a dreadful gloom has spread over the face of nature.   Oh the remarkable contrast between this day and the first day of May, on that day every herb, and the grass of the field began to assume a beautiful verdure and the feathered tribe and the beast of the field began to regain in the mild return of warm weather, but now how changed.  The music of the warbelers is stopped and the dumb beast low for food and seem to mourn the very aspect of returning winter.  All the boys about 14 are gone to training with heavy hearts altho they put on a forced appearance of vanity.  snow continues falling all day.  Boys returned from training about sunset.

Tues 5th May 1818 Morning cloudy, snow 8 in.  Clouds wear a more mild aspect.  Wm Waid gone with oxen and sled to help Dixon haul his boards from Brawleys Mill.  Eben Hunt gone to get his shoes mended - Carpenter making a rake to rake leaves.  10 oc a.m. there is a pleasing prospect that the sun will shine presently.  Mr. Moore making a garden rake.  Sun came out by turns until night.  Snow going fast.  At 3 p.m. Dixon and Waid returned with load of boards on sled - W. helping Dixon till night, put on the roof of his house, in part joy appears once more on the face of nature to see the snow disappear and sun shining.  "Cantons Phosphuros"  Extracted from Adams Philosophy - to prepare this take some oyster shells and calcine them, by keeping in a good coal fire half an hour; let the purest part of the cal be pulverized and sifted; to three parts of powder add one of the flours of sulphur and mix them well together; put the mixture into a crucible ram it tightly therein; then let it be placed in the middle of the fire where it must be kept nice and hot for an hour at least, and then out to cool.  When it is cold turn it out of the crucible and cutting or breaking it to pieces, scrape off upon trial, the brightest parts, which if good, will form a white powder and which you may preserve by keeping it in a phial with a ground stopple - Three pigs dead this morning with the severity of the storm.

Wed 6th May 1818 Weather cold, ground cold and frozen.  The heavens again shrouded with clouds, a black cloud lying near the horison in the east the sun at 1/2 after five emerged from the cloud for a moment and again be came obscured with angry looking vapors.  A.M. rain and sleet began to fall about 7 a.m.  a dreadful gloom again covers the face of nature and the cattle and birds search in vein for food - sadness appears in the face of man - How fleeting and visionary are the joys and hopes of man, his expectations for a moment rained by the sunshine of future hope, the next disappointment, clouds and thick darkness unveils him and he sinks into his insignifancy - I have this morning sowed 10 quarts of Timothy on the hard snow, south of the house on the bottom bank on the south side of the run, air growing more mild, thundershower about 6 oc. p.m.  after which appeared a beautiful rainbow.  the ground begins to show itself in spots - the grass so far as seen appears very beautiful and of fine color.  Visited the sugar camp found several trees running.  3 or 6 very large ones running fast.  E. Hunt cutting rail timber.  Mr. Moore cutting wood at door and doing chores.

Thurs 7th May 1818 From the favorable signs that presented themselves to view last evening, we fondly hoped that warm and pleasent weather was at hand but alas on arising 5 a.m. nothing but thick clouds and falling snow exhibited themselves to our longing eyes - this fond expectation is at one moment is raised and the next blasted - squalls of snow and sunshine at times, showers of snow, hail and rain at sundry times and considerable rain in the forepart of the night - W. helped James hall home his potatoes with oxen about 2/3 day, to have potatoes to plant for pay - E. Hunt making rails - Mr. Moore making broom.  self doing nothing - all hands called to help Carpenter pull old Capt. out of the mud, which was afflicted but the old creature died soon afterwards.  Dixn at his own house.

Fri 8thMay 1818 Morning little rain mingled with snow.  Still cold - sap run considerable from the sugar trees - W. ploughed this side of the swamp - self, Mr. Moore diging in the garden - E. Hunt making rails - Mr. Cutshall here to borrow plow - sent home Mr. C grubbing hoe by Mr. Moore - got hoe from Carpenter - Dixn working at his own house.  Waid helping Carpenter plow ground for potatoes.

Sat. 9th May 1818 Morning sunny, clear and beautiful and air considerable warm, grew hazy about sun set.  some appearance of rain.  W. plowed this side of swamp.  E. Hunt making rails.  Mr. Moore and self working in garden, repairing hoes and pearlash oven.  Planted the garden peas and the foreign rye given me by Foster.  East end of the onion bed and sewed the peas belonging to Wyman an self partly down by Carpenters and partly in old garden ground.  Carpenter sewed 1/2 bushel peas near his house where the winter wheat was sown last year.  I am to have some share of them.  The peas I planted in the garden was steeped in a solution of nitre and alkili warm until the peas shrivvled.  The peas sown in the field not steeped - harrowed in - those in garden planted.  Mr. Dickson removed this day to his own house, lent them some bread.  Carpenter began to scorch salts, potash kettle full about BBls.  Lent Carpenter 18 lb. flour

Sun. 10th May 1818 warm rain cleared off 8 a.m.  Vegitation progresses - nature is clothed with a beautiful garment compared with its recent gloomy shroud.  Thunder and some rain in the evening.  Old Mr. Hunt came here in the evening and tarried all night.

Mon. 11th May 1818 Morning cloudy and warm.  Boys all gone to muster.  Day very fine and pleasent altho partially cloudy - working all day in garden.  Made 11 beds for onions and set out 9 turnips - planted some small onions and sewed cabbage seed at end of the barn and planted 1 hill cucumbers at barn and 1 in keg.

Tues 12th May 1818 Morning rainy and warm.  E. H and Waid came home from training before breakfast.  E. Hunt making broom.  W. gone home.  Quit raining before 12 o'c.  Afternoon beautiful, warm, pleasent.  E. Hunt made broom and heaped brush at west end of house.  Mr. Moore agrees that what he has done till this day makes up the time lost in the last year.  Mr. Moore gone in the afternoon.  Walthroupe hauling wood.  Self sowed 10 beds onions, set out 1/2 bed Penn onions and planted 1 bed beets, planted out some small peach trees.

Wed. 13 May 1818 Morning clear and warm, clouds at noon and some trifling rain  W & H plowing.  Carpenter came from Walthroupes with 8 bbls.  Wyman & Mr. Moore came with him.  Mr. Moore laid by the whole day disqualifying himself and charged with spirits.  Planted brown potatoes at this end of garden.  Made arch to kettles mouth and chimney.  Carpenter brought grass seed from Walthroupes.

Thurs. 14th May 1818 Cloudy and sunshine by turns.  W & H plowing.  Mr. Moore and self in garden.  Planted onions, parsnips, beets chives, flowers, summer savory red peppers, parley, fennel, wormwood, hollicocks, marigolds, sage, corriander, peas, turnips, radishes, lettuce, potatoes, set out some turnips and parsnips.

Fri 15th May 1818 Sun rose clear and beautiful.  Let Carpenter have 123# wheat and 5# flour.  A. Johnson has agreed to go to town Tues. next.  Sowed 1 1/4 bus. wheat east of the mowing field.  Oats left by W. Barney - Mr. Moore finished planting the potatoes in the garden.   cleaned up rubbish about garden and barn.  E.H. chopping and heaping brush west the house.  Planted out about 60 peach seeds around the fence, in south east corner of the improvement.  W. went to Mr. Dixons. 

Sat. 16th May 1818 Morning cloudy and gentle rain.  James here to grind axe.  Paid Hall by an order on C. Clark store $3.25 and by an order on Tanner White $3.  which is in full for all deals previous to this date, nails, shoemaking and mending.  Waid finished harrowing the wheat sowed yesterday.  Mr. Moore finished digging the garden and cleaned round about it, picked stone in the meadow.  E. Hunt chopping and heaping brush where the mill is to stand and dam.  Carpenter had iron plough to plow garden.  The white maples and black cherry trees begin to have a good green.

Sun. 17th May 1818 Sun shines clear, some flying clouds during the day.  The young men all gone to hear Mr. Alden preach.  Wm. Campbell and B here.  M & Emeline gone to Mr. Radles to see Catherine who is sick.  Called at the Dicksons for the first time since they moved. 

Mon. 18th May 1818 Commenced raining about 8 a.m.  Carpenter took away 75# wheat to sow.  sowed 4 qts grass seed where Carpenter has been harrowing down on the bottom below his house.  this is the first wheat Carpenter has sown.  W. looked till 4 p.m. for oxen and could not find them.  E. H. working for Wyman.  some mist falling at times thru the whole day.  Self made two tours for oxen to Tom Paine and one beyond the east branch but could not find them.  this day was intended for plowing as the season is far gone and the work far behind but the plans and expectations of man are frustrated by the wise hand of providence and we ought not to wilt but that it is all for the best and therefore why should we murmur and complain - Carpenter this day planting potatoes and some corn and making his garden.  The rye which I planted in the garden is coming well.  The pear scions which I planted in the garden are all leaving but two. 

Tues. 19th May 1818 Morning wind at N/W and raining and chilly.  Carpenter got 192# wheat to sow.  W. sowed 1 1/2 bu wheat east of the meadow for the last we will sow this spring.  E. Hunt working for James.  Dixon got butter and wages.

Wed. 20th May 1818 Weather fair and warm,  Started after breakfast for town.  called at the mill and left bag to be filled with flour - arrived at Meadville 12 o.c. settled with Hunt and found myself indebted to him $22.68 including $5.68 due him by Carpenter  for 45 1/2 # pork left on article of vs Meacham with Ward Barney to collect for him.  $3.22 got information of a person claiming Lot No 1611 settled by Hiram Blakley by noon of Friday of Mifton County.  Returned book to library and took 3 vol. Adam Philosophy.  Mr. Reynolds informed me that Mr. W. Hall had ordered him to pay me $100. for redemption of Lot No 1209 6 N. District.  W. looking till noon for oxen.

Thurs. 21st May 1818 weather very arm - hot sun.  After breakfast went to Mr. James Dicksons vendue, bought 2 cows.  Black one with calf $21.50.  Red and white with calf $22.00 and returned to Meadville - went to Commissioners office and examined books concerning lands.

Fri. 22nd May 1818 Weather extremely hot and clear.  bought cow and calf of Hamilton Armour.  Now at L. Lord for $19 paid $3. by order on H. Hunt to take up his note to James Dickson for $16.  which is in full for cow.  got 4 1/2 yds tan cloth at .50 for E. Hunt and 1 par. shoes and 2 1/2 yd striped cotton for Waid $3.75 and 3 yds Irish Linen for self and 3 1/2 home made linen for self. .62 yd.  Irish Linen .75 yd.  Got garden hoe for Hunt and 3 qts white beans to give him what beans I can afford - some turnip seed.  Consulted with C. Bean on the strength of the assignments on the Treasurer Deeds for donation lots no. 1460 in the 7th district.   He gives opinion clearly that an action will lye in the warentee for the consideration and agreed with him to attend to any suit may be commenced against us.  Agreed with Waid Barney to exchange 1509 for either of the Stawson Lots No - 1400 or 1496 which may be most convienient.  Warentee to be made directly to Waid.  W. plowing beyound the swamp - Hunt helping Carpenter.  Apple and peach trees getting full of blossoms. 

Sat. 23rd May 1818 Weather clear and very warm.  Carpenter finished sowing spring wheat.  W. & H plowing in the morning till 11 o'c a.m. then raking leaves for CarpenterSelf planted hills corn on old garden ground by the creek for the first time this year.  Mr. Moore working for Carpenter all day.  Austin leaching. - Hoed the garden peas.  W. & E. Hunt worked for Carpenter from 1o'c to 4 p.m.  Making it all day for Carpenter.  My last sown wheat up.

Sun. 24th May 1818 South wind, clear and very warm till about 3 p.m.  Thunder and some sprinkling rain, grew a little cool.  Ward B. & cousin, & Mr. Bills & A. Johnson came here, showed the 1492 and they departed.

Mon. 25, May 1818 Morning clear and beautiful - Mr. Jones here to know when I should go to town - Carpenter began to plant corn on bank below his house.  W & H plowing east of the swamp - planted 21 peach stones south of the house on the bank, same was given me by Dr. Sprague which brot from Massachusetts and are said to be of a superior quality - Mr. Moore planting for Mr. Carpenter, began after breakfast.  I planted till 11 oc and rained before night.  I agreed with Campbell that he might pearl his salts for $6. per ton in my works.  Onions just coming up.  Planted 20 hills cucumbers and mushmelon in 5 beds on Carpenters job. 

 Tues. 26th May 1818 Weather clear, morning a little cool, faint appearance of frost on some rotten wood and leaves in some places.  None appeared on vegetables - Mr. Moore and Hunt planting for Carpenter.  W. harrowing corn ground.  Self weeding peas and cutting sprouts around the stumps in the morning.  Carpenter this morning dismissed Austin from the pearlash, in account of letting kettle boil over and throwing out ashes before they were sufficiently leached - Carpenter had 8# salt-gave Carpenter 2 qts. pumpkin seed and some squash seed - burned some brush in the swamp. 

Wed. 27th May 1818 Weather very warm, thunder and some rain about 1p.m. Shower with wind in the evening - began to plant corn East of the swamp.  W. & H plowing and planting by turns - started about 2 oc p.m. for Meadville.  Carried Old Mr. Sackett 10# sugar - called at Court House and examined Mr. Radles road petition and employed Bean to tip it overboard - their intention was to go thru my field and put in the petition without my knowledge, in a sly manner. Soaked the seed corn in a solution of nitre & alkili - Carpenter had -- wheat. Esq. Lord presented me an order drawn by Hugh Brawley for $12. on acct. Carpenter which I accepted to pay on demand.  See McGredy about Blackelys land.  Mr. Moore helping Carpenter.

Thurs. 28 May 1818 Rec'd a letter from Throup Barney, he asks for Money.  Denies paying Commings anything for services - states that he has bargained with a Mr. Adams of Kingsbury and has agreed with him for 1100 acres of land in Pennsylvania - all which I do not rightly comprehend - some conversation with Mr. Herrington about land matters 1460 - Carpenter had 123# wheat and 3# of which had been weighed out for seed and not used for that purpose leaving 184# that was sowed, 1/2 of which I never charged him.  Wrote for Jones, Hunt and Thomas for their permission.  W & H planting corn.  Mr. Moore helping Carpenter.  Mr. Cutshall got 2 bags to go to Franklin for grain bought 1 pair shoes of Morgan at $2. - left memorandum of taxes that I intend to pay. 

Fri, 29th May 1818 Weather clear and not quite so warm - got 24 pieces of bacon of Mr. Rickard and paid $4.50 therefore - got my bag that I had left with A. Smith - got $10. of Mr. Hunt.  Lent James Wyman $1. and told him to get 1/2 Dol. of A. Smith - he and Austin to bring my cows from James Dicksons - Agreed with Ward Barney to sell him Lot No. 1509 in exchange for 1496 on demand against Slawson incase I do not sell it Mr.  Thomas who are to let me know at the sale whether they have the lot or not  and give me half in cash on the execution of the writings.  took up Hunts note in favor of Herrington to pay him at sale.  Paid Mr. McNamara fifty cents a small account for mending shoes.  Found the deed of 1460 with Cot Beans and ordered him to call on Henry L. - for the consideration money $50. and interest.  Gave memorandum to Mr. Reynolds to pay taxes on 4 tracts of Donation Land in Venango County - to pay over $100. which is coming from Mr. W. Call Philadelphia to Mr. Kensing.

 Sat. 30th May 1818 Boys - W. H. & Moore helping carpenter plant corn last 1/2 hour in forenoon on acct. of rain.  W. went to Abram Kitlingers and got 4 bu. oats. I worked in his place at Carpenters.

 Sun. 31st May 1818 Warm and cloudy and sunshine by turns.  Rained in eve.  James and Austin returned from town and brought the cows from Mr. Dicksons and the calves - W and Hunt returned in the evening.  Mr. Moore went to Walthroupes  Self went to Wymans.

 Mon. 1st June 1818 Weather fine and warm.  Self working in garden, forenoon, afternoon, evening and cutting sprouts in the spring wheat south of the house.  I lent James Wyman 60# wheat and 1 bag.  James took away the cornstocks to show Lot No. 1411 to William Stewart, Mr. Moore, Wm & Hunt helping Carpenter to plant corn.  took the potatoes out of the cellar and put them in the barn - potatoes in garden coming up - corn coming up - cucumbers up for three or four days past.  Lent Mr. Jones the post axe.  Carpenter got 8 qts seed corn to plant.  James took away the balance of his rye, something over 1 bu.  Wyman brought goods for Waid bought of W & Clark on my account to the amount of $5.58.

 Tues. 2nd June 1818 - Fine warm weather.  M & H working for Carpenter planting corn.  W. plowing - Mr. Wood from Whitehall here looking land, much pleased with country.  I spent 3 or 4 hours with him showing land - William Stewart here with jug whiskey to raise cabin on 1411 tomorrow.  He and Austin grinding one of my axes to be used by Austin a few days till Carpenter has a chance to get him one.

 Wednesday 3rd June 1818 Weather warm.  Planting potatoes and beans on south corn of improvement.  About 3 bu. potatoes and nearly an acre of beans.  W. helping Wm Stewart put cabin on 1411.

 Thursday 4th June 1818 Mr. Moore finishing beans.  Self the greater part of the day bringing father back who had started to go off in persuit of ideal wealth apparently in a state of partial derangement after much ado I persuaded him back on making believe he had got the wrong road, W & H plowing for oats near the winter rye, west of the swamp.  Carpenter went to Mr. Oakes to get seed corn to plant over, some wheat had been planted with bad seed.  Very warm weather and thunder evening. 

 Friday 5th June 1818 Weather very warm, some rain about 12 a.m. Very refreshing shower. Vegitation comes on very rapidly.  Mr. Moore and myself helping Carpenter plant corn till noon.  Mr. Moore till 3 p.m.  Self put ashes on onions and polling peas.  Had one of Carpenters oxen to plough.  Planted some summer squash in Carpenter corn.

 Sat. 6th June 1818 weather warm and clear.  Sowed 4 bu. oats, planted some potatoes near Carpenters, Melons and Cucumbers in abundance.  W. helping Warner.  Went to Mill afternoon and got 122# flour of Mr. Hotchkiss.  Saw Mr. Shattuck at mill.  Had Carpenters all day and his other yoke in afternoon.

 Sun. 7th June 1818 Fine shower and warm.  Mr. Radle and Dr. Bemus stopped this way to Mr. R. B. return just before the shower - grew cooler in the evening.  M. H. & W killed the hawk which even in a nest.  corn hansomely up expecting about 2 acres in Carpenter which was planted over.

 Monday 8th June 1818 Cloudy and some rain.  About to start to Meadville to the sale and to settle taxes.  Carpenter has taken all the oxen to harrow for potatoes.  W.& H. come to help James plant his corn-went to Meadville and arrived about 12 o.c. - turned horse into Lords field till he remained till Thurs.  12 o.c. attended the sale of lands and bought in 1495 - 155- 1339 and paid off all the last purchase and No. 107.  bought 4 hams 1 sholder of bacon of Mr. Greenlee at 12 cents per # $3.75.

 Tues. 9th June 1818 Did several thing in town. Attended the sale and agreed with Mr. Herrington about 1460 to pay $100 per annum for 3 years - to make writings the next time I see him.  W. & Hunt planting potatoes in Carpenters clearing spot.  Got 2 bushel red potatoes of James W. Small frost.

 Wed. 10th June 1818 Attended to some business at Commissioners Office -went to ordination of Mr. Campbell.  Got the taxes and cost of the purchase of 1460 refunded without interest.

 Thur. 11th June 1818 Attended the sales and adjusted all my land inventory relating to taxes till I can come to a fixed settlement - paid Mayor Alden $20 on account of Herrington -  and $2.33 on 2466 which belongs to Herrington to pay.  Got goods at C. Clarks for Mr. Moore $1.12 a fly hof- and E Hunt 2 yds cotton at 50 cts.  $1.75 - got 2 qts Brandy Cullum $2.25  Paid Andrew Smith $1.50 to be paid to John smith.  Paid Hickcock $1.00.  Bargained with W. Barney to owe him 1509 in case he can get a ? from Shaw or of 1496 and so arrange things as to have said tract 1496 free and clear from Shaw Mortgage - started from Meadville in company with Barney.  Arrived at home 9 oc.  Mr. Moore doing sundry things.

Fri. 12th June 1818 went with W. Barney to show the lines of 1492.  W & H helping to finish the fence round Carpenters improvement in the morning and cutting bushes among the spring wheat.  Barney returned to Meadville.

 Sat. 13th June 1818 Cloudy and very warm,  began to log in the swamp.  Heavy shower before and another the heaviest we have had in the afternoon.  E. Hunt hurt his knee badly about 10 oc. and could do nothing the remainder of the day.  I went to Mr. Jones and borrowed his bush scythe, which was pretty broken off.  Little sow had 4 pigs.  1 died.  Beans begin to blossom. 

 Sun. 14th June 1818 Cloudy and a little cooler.  Waid not returned from home.  E. H. lame.  M.M. the standby quit to give the large calf milk. 

 Monday 15th June 1818 Cool and foggy - fine and clear.  Mr. Hunt and Daniel here. Got Dicksons wagon to go to town, agreed to bring my axes and bacon.  Carpenter went to Warner Waids and got my hoe.  W & H hoeing corn.  Self working in garden in morning.  Put a mixture of charcole and ashes on onions.  Mr. Moore went to Capt Malthrops, not returned.  Gave Mr. Moore an order on Capt Malthrop for $12. 

 Tues. 16th June 1818 Morning clear and cool, very trifling frost appeared on a cloth and could hardly been seen on dry leaves, none on vegatables.  Mr. Moore returned from Malthroupe about 9 oc a.m. got his order answered for $12. payable in six months.  Mr. Moore lost the day.  W & Hunt hoeing corn.  went to mill and got 2 bu wheat ground and brought home the flour.  Carpenter had 2 1/3 wheat.  Malthroup packing up to move.

 We. 17 June 1818 Day warm and clear.  Went to Meadville.  Got some tobacco of C. Clark paid for it.  Mr. Farrelly says that the papers in possession of Col Bean concerning Donation tract No. 1410 are insufficient to support and ? called Mr. Hunt for cash and got none, he agrees to do something by Mon.  All hands hoeing corn.  Mr. Moore to stay another year at $150.  got 1# tobacco .50 1 box quintum for Eben. Hunt .25.  Left measure for E. H. pair of shoes at Mr. Williams - D. Hunt brot 2 axes from town and 2 w pieces bacon. 

Thurs. 18th June 1818 Night and morning cold, day hot.  James Wyman and self working road from Cutshalls to our house.  All hands logging in swamp.

 Fri. 19th June 1818 Morning cold.  All hands on the road working making creepway over swamp towards Cutshalls.

 Sat. 20th June 1818 Some frost, did no injury.  Bloomfield came here and Fanny, early in the morning.  Went to Meadville with Thomas.  got $100 of Hunt and borrowed $100. of William Magan of which I returned $32.  agreed with C. Clark to give a draught for $81. to make up the payment to Reading House and sent the same by William Foster, sent a memorandum to buy or exchange 1651 with Hunt for 1226 or 1439 - talked $1.50 acre - in case of purchase - Paid C. Clark $50. on account.  Bought all Gen. Meads stills 3 in number and all the tubs and appratus for $261.  payable in one year without interest.

Sun. 21st June 1818 Weather warm.  Returned from Meadville in the morning.  Went with Bloomfield to Wymans and stayed about1 hr and returned home and went with B's wife and Mrs. Guy to Dicksons.  B & W stayed there all night.

 Mon. 22 June 1818 Weather very warm and dry.  All hands logging in the swamp.  B & W started home 10 oc. a.m.  Lent Cutshall a short bag - They took away Dicksons wagon and tongue straps. 

 Tues. June 23 1818 Dry and very warm.  Went to mill and got nearly 3 bu wheat ground and brought home flour and left the bran.  got 32# flour of Hotchkiss and agreed with him for a hog that will weigh about 120 or 5#.  I am to give him $7.  All hands logging in the swamp.

 Wednesday 24th June 1818 Very hot.  All hands logging in swamp and burning off brush heaps.  a small shower about 2 p.m. which refreshed the vegatables.  The winter wheat is considerably shortened in its growth by the dry weather.  corn begins to grow fast. Peas in the garden in blossom and pods full length  potatoes knee high. But the six onion beds at the east end of the garden with strong bloody beef brine - worms continue to cut off some onions.

 Thursday 25th June 1818 Morning and night very hot - a small shower in the night - all hands in the swamp logging.  Haulled 60 bu. ashes. 

 Friday 26th June 1818 Weather extremely warm all day.  corn grows fast.  Peas filling.  Worms trouble the onions and some corn and beans - winter wheat stunted in the growth by the drought - all hands logging in the swamp - Dickson shingling the house - set about 100 cabbage plants which all soon wilted down.  Planted some cucumbers near swamp. 

 Saturday 27th June 1818 Weather very hot and dry.  All hands gone to Hunts raiseing in the morning.  Self cut all the dock roots out of the mowing and burned some brush heaps - Mrs. Mary Benedict and Chas Benedict came here in the evening and tarried over night. 

 Sunday 28th June 1818 Weather extremely hot.  Carpenters oxen broke into the field and ate and trod down considerable oats last night.  Mr. & Mrs. Benedict started to go home after breakfast - a fine shower in the evening with much lightning and thunder - night very hot.  

Monday 29th June 1818 Morning beautiful, sun and clear, became cloudy and muggy about 7 oc transplanted the beets.  Ashed the onions and cabbage plants and the cucumbers.  I planted on Friday and were up this morning and some of them last evening.  Vegitation much revived by the shower last evening, every herb and plant seems to have taken new life - peas fast filling, some nearly full grown - Mr.  Dickson here at work on the new house - Carpenters white ox broke into Dicksons corn and destroyed abut 50 or 60 hills.  Sent Mr.  Moore to mill to help Mr. Hotchkiss kill a hog.  I agreed with him for on Tuesday last -  Sent $6. of the money by Mr. Moore.  Jones here grinding - W & H hoeing potatoes.  By Carpenters in the forenoon.  Mr. Moore returned with hog and extremely warm.  Corn grows very fast.

 Tues 30th June 1818 Morning beautiful, very warm.  Boys hoeing potatoes.  Dickson working on new house, cutting windows.  Self working in garden.  Wm had 1/2# tobacco - grew cool in the evening.  All hands hoeing beans after breakfast. 

 Wednesday July 1st 1818 Clear and sun warm air a little cool.  All hands hoeing beans.  Dickson cutting out windows in new house.  Self putting in underpining.

 July 2nd 1818 Morning clear and cool.  Dickson working at new house.  W & H & M Warner Waid from 8 o.c. a.m.  Carpenters ox broke into the field last night and let in horse - finished underpining house and worked out door steps.

Friday 3rd July 1818 Weather fine and warm.  A small shower about 4 p.m.  which was limited to a small spot of ground - forenoon getting some timber for window frames - setting frames - setting cabbages - turnips and shutting up pigs.  Afternoon M Lachlin and Mr. Tompson here looked out place for Mill Dam - all hands logging in swamp.  Dickson working on new house - Mr. Jones and Barney here grinding.

 Saturday 4th July 1818 Independence - Weather beautiful.  W & H Self and Dxn at work as usual. Mr. Moore gone to town - Wyman, Wm Stewart and Austin gone to town.  Let Austin have old axe on Carpenters acc for $2.25  Emeline broke the best Decanter - picked an early one quart of pea pods well filled for the first, the same were sown on the 9th day of May, 56 day from time they were planted.  Carpenter and Campbell worked in swamp at logging in the afternoon.  Abe Skinner called here - cleaned some wheat for mill.

 Sun.  Moore not returned.

Mon. 6th July 1818 Day cloudy and mist and sprinkling of rain.  Campbell helping log in the swamp in the forenoon.  Afternoon W & H cut down big Hemlock and clearing away for the mill dam.  Cows went away and did not return.  Mr. Dickson worked on new house.  Mr. Moore went to mill to Mr. Dicksons with a little more than 3 bu. wheat - not returned - borrowed meal for the first time.

 Tuesday 7th July 1818 Morning very rainy.  The vegatables put on a beautiful verdure and all nature rejoices at the refreshing shower.  The wheat is rather cut short in its growth by the drought - cucumbers about an inch long.  Set out some cabbages in the garden about 50.  W & H hunting cows all the forenoon and did not find them - Mr. Moore returned with the flour about 11 a.m.  Mr. Dxn working on new house.  W & H sawed some bolts of shingle.  W. carried home Cutshall and saw - Mr. Moore splitting timber and shingles.  W brot axe that Austin had chopping at Wymans and borrowed Wymans shave. 

 Wed. 8th July 1818 Morning clear and very warm.  Moore brot home the cows about 9 a.m  found them 3 or 4 miles N.W.  Carpenter gone to town.  Sent to Hunt to have grubbing hoes done and send an order on C. Clark for 7 yds C. shirting for E. H.  Hoed the cabbage this norning before dinner - the gnats very troublesome - thunder shower in the evening.   Mr. Dxn working on new house.  W & H clearing away for mill dam.  Mr. Moore making shingles for house. 

 Thurs. 9th July 1818 Morning clear and warm and beautiful.  W & H clearing away for dam, and to frame the mill on - Mr. Moore making shingles.  Dxn working on new house.  carpenter gone to town.  Campbell carried his potash to town, took it from here yesterday.  Self troubled with rheumatism and jaundice.  Had mess green peas for dinner.  Mrs. Dxn her tonight.

 Fri. July 10th 1818 Morning a little cool, day warm and fair.  W. working for self hauling his barn logs.  E. H. hoeing corn.  Mr.  Moore making shingles.  Dxn. working on N. house.  Lent Carpenter 14# flour.

 Sat. 11th July 1818 Weather extremely warm.  Corn grows remarkably fast now waist high and tapering.  W & H hoeing.  H gave out in the afternoon and went home on a/c of the heat.  Mr. Moore making shingles.  Dxn working on N/H put on the north side of the roof 15 courses of chestnut shingles - This I think as warm a day as I have seen for 4 years - vegatation progresses very rapidly.

 Sun. 12th July 1818 Morning extremely warm, the nights the hottest I have experienced in this country.  E. Hunt returned in the evening.  W. gone all day and all night - Carpenter has corn in his garden silked.

Mon 13th July 1818 Warm morning, a little foggy and clowdy.  Cleared off about 10 o/c a.m. M. H & W hoeing corn.  Mr.  Moore fixing hog trough and in the forenoon hoeing afternoon.  Barney here in morning to grind axe.  I turned for him.  Had dinner of green peas - Dxn here hoeing his potatoes - Wrote a long letter to M. Wheeler stated several things I before named to Troop Barney and dated this letter on the 10th, have kept a copy.  W & H went to get bull in the evening and returned without one.

Tues. 14th July 1818 Morning a little cloudy.  Sun came out very warm about 7 a.m. W & H went for mate for cows got A. Johnsons at H. Brawleys and returned about 8 oc a.m. and went to finish hoeing corn for the second time.  Corn chiefly waist high and topling.  Dxn working at N.H.  Mr. Moore hewing sleeper and beams. 

 Wed. 15th July 1818 Went to Meadville and from there to Meads old farm to see the distilleries - found things there in bad order.  got William Waid at Clarks store 3 gallon whisky at 75c $2.25 carried straw hat to W. Barney.  Mr. Kincaid went with me to see the stills and counted 24 hogsheads.  Dxn working at house. 

 Thurs 16th July 1818 Weather clear and warm enough to be comfortable - got 1 new pitchfork of Hunt and one old axe repaired - got a gallon bottle of Hunt at 75c.  Bought 4 scythes of Barton for $5. being tail end of the heap.  Took dinner with Hunt - got 1 gallon whiskey at Andrew Smith and 5 qts of Hunt.  1 1/2 yds checked cotton and1# nails of Clark - got pair of shoes of Williams for Marietta - brought pair for Waid for which he charged .75 discounted with Clark for Alexander Johnson $27.00 - to pay Wymans note - settled with Mr. Hunt and took up all my orders and gave him an order on Mr. Reynolds $324.43 1/2 cents and balanced the books.  took bill of taxes at Commissioners Office.  Gave Kincaid several documents for Barneys work.  Dxn working at house.  Raked 27 cocks hay.

 Friday 17th July 1818 Weather warm and some rain in morning. Boys grinding scythes preparing them for mowing.  Hoed some potatoes near Carpenter house in the evening - Mr. Moore working about new house.  Dxn working at N/H. Mr. Moore went to mill and returned before with flour.

 Sat. July 18 1818 Weather cloudy and warm in the morning.  Boys finishes hoeing potatoes near Carpenters and cut out road to get timber for Mill dam.  Afternoon W & H went to W. Radles.raining.  Carpenter, Moore and self raked up and got in the hay raked on Fri. 5 loads on sled.  Dxn working on NH.  E. Hunt knocked corner off axe.

 Sun. 19th July 1818 Morning clear and warm.  thunder and apperance of shower about 1 p.m. Raked up 2 load of hay and haulded the same into the barn - W not here.  Carpenter picked up and took away his harness and chain.  Picked 1st cucumber. 

 Monday 20th July 1818 Morning a little cloudy - Mr.  Moore, H & W gone to W. Barney barn raising.  Self making ready to go to Walthropes and mill.  Went to Capt. Walthroupes and bought of him a pair of old wagon wheels, cross cut saw and broad axe for which I gave him a Dubill payable some time or other for $15. from thence I went to Abraham Kightlingers and got dinner and took view of his farm (fine crops)  He agrees to come and see me immediately after Mrs.Kitlinger returns from down country.  Was treated with B of B at A. Stainbrook.  a small shower overtook me at Walthroup on my return.  Stopped at Austin got some W.  found Hickcock at my house on my return who stayed all night - I settled with him my blacksmith account and gave dubill $1.44 - E. H. home from raising.  Mr. Moore came sometime in the night - had potatoes for the first time. 

 Tues. 21 July 1818 Weather warm and cloud flying.  A small shower about 11 a.m.  W & H mowing.  M. getting some timber for cart wheels - Dxn working on N. H.  clear afternoon.  Mr.  Moore and self shakeing out hay afternoon.  Mr.  Moore went to Walthroupes old place and got wagon wheels, xcsaws - broadaxe - and Patent Pitch forks.

 Wed.  22nd July 1818 Weather, morning a little cool, day arm, some flying clouds in the forenoon - all hands at haying.  E. H. & W mowing in forenoon afternoon raked up and hauled in 6 load on sled and left 9 cocks out.

Thurs. 23 July 1818 Morning cool.  Owls cried in the night and wolves howled most dreadfully in the morning - this our sign of rain.  Went to mill in the morning and carried the last of wheat except what is lent. - About 3 bu. left at mill - Got 61# of flour of Hotchkiss - boys mowing in morning, raked up and got in some hay. 2w load in good.  Then it commenced raining, about 1/2 after 2 p.m. Mr. Moore getting out some cart spokes in the morning - lent Austin a sickle.  Dxn working in N.H.  Cut tree for cart  fellows ground axes.  Corn silking - pumpkins forming some as large as eggs - early garden peas getting ripe - some of the Pa. onions larger than top of tin cup.

 Fri. 24th July 1818 Morning wind to westward and clouds flying.  Cleared off with warm sun about 10 oc a.m. W & H hoeing potatoes on new ground.  Mr. Moore getting cart timber and boiling out spokes in Potash kettle - Dxn working at N. house a.m.  afternoon all gone to E. Barneys raising on lot no. 1462.  Self afternoon raked and shook out, cocked up 17 cocks of hay and did small things.  Mr. W. had run after his cow calling him.  I cleared the garden of the grass and weeds around the fence - dug potatoes for dinner as large as eggs - this eve. cold.  the ground is yet remarkably dry - the potatoes cabbage suffer with the drought. Wheat and all kinds of grain and corn looks well.

 Sat. 25th July 1818 Morning clear but simtoms of rain, afternoon cleared up W & H mowing in forenoon.  got 2 load of hay afternoon and raked up 23 cocks what was left out.  went mill and got part of the grist which had been left there - Dxn working on new house.

 Sunday 26th July 1818 Some small showers.  I went and called at Dxn.  Mrs. W here in the evening for moment.

 Monday 27th July 1818 Heavy dew, fog clouds, sun broke about 7 a.m.  Boys mowing - lent Mr. Jones 8# flour.  Afternoon got 4 load hay and raked up all on the bottom by patch.  Dxn working at N. H.  evening a little cool.  Carpenter sowed part of his turnips.

 Tues. 28th July 1818 Weather clear and very warm.  W. asked to quit, without making up lost time, some words concerning various things, agreed to have him quit and deduct lost time from wages - made out his whole account commence in December 1816 and found it to amount $104.53 found his whole work from the 11th Nov. 1816 to this day to amount $175.77 1/2c includeing the work done by Warner - he is likewise allowed $8.  for board charged him by Wm. the same time he and Warner were doing 26 days work for me. - making his account in all $183.77 1/2c from which I deduct $104.53 1/4 leaves $79.24 which is allowed on the monies and interest due me for his tract of land - forenoon clearing turnip patch.  afternoon finishing haying - Dxn working on N.H. in forenoon.  Afternoon absent - Dxn and M. here in evening - got line from Barney that he intends starting for Albany on Sat. or Mon. by the way of Harrisburgh.

Wednesday July 29th 1818 Weather extremely warm and dry.  W. cleared out early this morning - M & H at turnip patch - cutting bushes in the mowing ground.  Lent James Wm a sickle and handsaw.  Made out Bs account.  Put some chunks in the house - burned off some brush heaps in the evening N. E. of barn.

 Thurs. 30th July 1818 Morning quite warm and some cloudy.  H. harrowing turnip ground.  Dxn took saw and some other tools and rake.  afternoon clearing N/E very small shower in the night.

 Fri. 31 July 1818 Morning a little cloudy and signs of rain.  Clouds soon dissipated and cleared off.  Hot sunshine.  Brook below Carpenters nearly dried up.  Went to Meadville, met Herrington and Hurst going to survey 1496.  bought 10 qts whiskey of C. Clark paid for same - got 1# tobacco and knife on credit - got $ 4. of Cullum for straw hat sold Cullum by Ward Barney.  Settled with Ward Barney and took his note for $53.75 got receipt of William Foster for $200. of Reading Howell for part payment of 1471 - bought $1.50 worth books of Cullum not paid.  Paid $25. owed Gilson - found my dubill to Hickock for $1.44 in the hands of Cullum.  took Rileys Journal out of Library - agreed with Grimes to go up and weigh stills - bring to Clarks an exact account - agreed with Herrington to make writeings for 1460  court week - sold 1 straw hat to mayor Alden $4.00 - one to Atkinson and 1 to Esq. Lord 1/2 quarter veal of Carpenter, lent.

 Sat. 1st August 1818 Fair and very warm.  Came from town before breakfast.   Mr. Sackett came with me.  Went to Wymans raising, got up and finished his barn about 4 p.m. got dinner and came home - brot home scycle from Wymans.  Moore and Hunt both at raising. Some corn on Carpenters garden fit to roast.

 Sun. 2nd August 1818 Weather dry and warm - EH gone home.  Moore gone to Walthroup got home in the evening full of spirit and made use of abusive language and many threats but not intending to be heard by any of the family - concluded to discharged him on Monday morning.

 Mon. 3rd August 1818 Weather very dry.  Settled with Mr. Moore.  Gave order on Capt. W for $12. do on Reynolds $10.20 Pd. Dxn .50c which balanced all account including 3 day work done winter and spring 1817 - H & Self reaping winter wheat not quite done.

 Tues. 4th August 1818 Dry and warm.  EH finished reaping winter wheat and was reaping rye in the afternoon.  Carpenter reaping rye in p.m.  Self went mill got the balance of my flour - M. gone to town left bundle here - cows troublesome stay out - went to Wymans for horse and got his bridle to bring him home. 

Wed. 5th August 1818 Clear and warm sun.  E H and Carpenter reaping rye.  Austin reaping forenoon cut his finger and quit reaping 10 oc a.m.  Wymans reaping in p.m.  Austin assisted G. Cutshall to haul my wheat 2 load 1/2 afternoon.  Cutshall on Wymans account lent Wyman jug of whiskey. 

 Thurs. 6th August 1818 Small thunder shower in the morning which revived vegatables a little which were very much dried up. E.H. cut some bushes in the swamp afternoon H. Capt W and self reaping rye finished sun 12 hours high  D. Hunt helped finish reaping rye so that Eben could go home with him - Wyman went to Smiths for whiskey.  E. Hunt took away my sickle to reap with.

 Fri. 7th August 1818 clear weather Carpenter reaping for Wyman on my A/c  Hunt gone.  self all day hunting oxen.  Kid and W found cows, and did not find O - M. Foster arrived here at noon from Ohio or Wabash.

 Saturday 8th August 1818 Commenced a beautiful rain sometime in the night and continued until noon and fine afterwards - Eben Hunt at home - carpenter all day after cows and did not find them.

 Sunday 9th August 1818 Weather warm and cloudy.  W. Wd brot home cows.  E. H. come home in the evening.

 Monday 10th August 1818 Morning warm and cloudy, sun came out about 12.  Mr. Moore took away powder horn and hammer which was left here by Hughs.  He also took away everything but big coats were in our possession - Dxn had oxen from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. to harrow turnips.  Foster and Self looking for and pulling the little peas in the old garden.  Self pulled up bushes and cut dock and wormwood in the forenoon - Carpenter finished scorching salts.  Foster went home with Wyman.  E. Hunt went home after breakfast to reap.

 Tues. 11th August 1818 Weather clear and warm.  E.H. at home reaping.  Foster and Self all day in woods looking land, went to Hunts - looked 1486 found west line original corner.  Came home about sun set, time enough.  I had long look for the new cow in the morning and did not find them.  Jones here grinding new axe.

 Wed. 12  August 1818 morning cloudy and warm.  Foster and I took a long look for cows, went far to the N. west and could not find them.  E.H. came home about 8 a.m.  afternoon H & Self reaping.  Foster articled with Austin too keep possession of 1586.  Carpenter had my oxen to draw 2 load potash to Brawleys mill.

 Thurs. 13th August 1818 Some rain in the morning.  Went to town, talked with W. Calmount about Adams land 1636-1339 in 7th district.  He offers to see ? title to one for my recovering the other and make perfect title which was pretty much agreed to.  Paid W. $68.  borrowed of C. Clark - Hauled in rye.  Eli H and Barney reaping.

 Friday 14th August 1818 attended to several small concerns, returned book to Library and took another.  Got Reynolds statement of his A/c with Throop Barney.  Dined at Torbetts and waited for Mr. Herrington till night.  Carpenter had oxen to draw potash.  E. Hunt reaping - Old Mr. Hunt and Daniel reaping spring wheat 1/2 day. 

 Sat. 15th Aug. 1818 Pd. Foster $20.  attended to some business at Commissioners office, went up and weighed the stills at Mead old-farm - found them to weight about 100#.  Grimes and Hunt assisted me.  Talked with Simeon Hunt to purchase stills - wrote his conditions.  Price $365.  $200 cash - $100 year rest in salt.  See Mayor Alden, agreed to let him have some sugar, borrow? $15 of Cullum.   Carpenter had my oxen to draw potash to Meadville - returned home in the eve.

 Sun. 16th August 1818 Weather clear and warm - plenty of boiled corn.

 Mon 17th August 1818 E. H went to mill in the morning to Dxns.  D.H. and Carpenter reaping forenoon, afternoon hauling 3 load wheat south of house abut 60 doz. and helped bind up 24 doz. near Carpenters.  Joel Jones cradeling till 1/2 after 3 p.m. then bound up wheat till dark - had Carpenters oxen to draw the wheat - cows not come.  Jones to have 1/2 dollar per acre.  Cutshall found a bee tree on my land with a good pail honey last night. 

 Tues. 18th August 1818 weather clear and warm. Barney came at breakfast to work. D. Hunt, E H and Carpenter reaped a considerable part of the barley, bound up about 50 doz. wheat east of barn, and hauled in 4 load 54 doz. and I load barley.  Joel Jones cradled wheat -  E.H. returned from mill at breakfast time - had Carpenters oxen to haul the grain.

 Wed. 19th August 1818 Small shower about 2 oc. A.M. and a trifle rain about day break but the ground yet very dry, the hills of potatoes have not been wet this summer - a great abundance of cucumbers - Carpenter had a hard route after cows, found them at Sugar Creek 5 miles from home, got here at 12 noon - Afternoon Carpenter with oxen helped haul 2 load wheat 25 doz. quit about 4 p.m.  the barley - oats and peas.  Boys forenoon pulled peas, reap some barley and bound up some wheat. Joel Jones cradled wheat, Barney binding in afternoon.  Mr. Crane came here about 1 p.m. wishes to purchase 1509.  I agreed with him for the sum at $3. per acre in case he pays me $200 by the first of October and the balance in six years with interest annually -  He is to give me a positive answer by Saturday night next week - James here grinding 2 new axes - Bound and staked 40 dozen wheat - and finished reaping wheat.  

Thurs. 20th August 1818 Morning cloudy and quite warm.  Sun came out about 9 a.m.  J. Brawley here and took away a heffer.  Carpenter began to reap his spring wheat, quit saying to green.  I bought Campbells 2 barrel of potash this morning at $6. cwt. take it at Meadville - Carpenter to see it weighed to pay in six months - finished reaping and bringing barley.  reaped Timothy seed.  Carpenter started after dinner with the last of his potash for Meadville - had my oxen.

Fri. 21st August 1818 - Fine clear warm day. EH hunting cows till 3 and did not find them - shot at a deer on the hill, fair view broadside and did not get him - found blood.  Barney cutting bushes in swamp - Dixn making cupboard  I & W gone to Clarks vendue - Carpenter came home from town at dark brought L grubbing hoe from Nelson Hunts, James bought yoke oxen from judge Clark $80  Campbells potash weighed 5.19# at $6 - cwt.

 Saturday 22 August 1818 Fine clear day very drying wind, Carpenter this morning found cows about 3 miles west of home - his white ox & my near one lay in the oats - Dxn making cupboards  - H & B a.m. cutting bushes and burning brush in swamp - afternoon hauled in the last of the spring wheat about 40 doz.  Carpenter brown ox lame - worked his old oxen drawing the wheat - lent Hall my saddle to go to town.  sent by him .75c to buy leather for Barney and paid him .37c for M. Foster.

 Sun. 23rd August 1818 Fine warm day, signs of rain.

 Monday 24th August 1818 Morning cloudy. H. Barney reaped for Carpenter til nearly 12 a.m. and hauled in his peas.  begun to rain, small shower.  quit before 1 oc rained again at 2 p.m.  Carpenter, H & B hauled rails for fence in afternoon.  Self laid some bottom rails and dug some potatoes that were in the way. - Mr. dxn working at N. H.  James took W. Lacklins rifle from here and did not return it.  I offered Wyman to crop the wheat ground.  I furnish seed and tools and he do the work and have half the grain delivered in the barn.  James Douglas here wanting money, got none.  Borrowed an auger of Mr. dxn.  Old Mr. Hunt here borrowed my iron wedges 1 at Dxns the other at Wymans, he took away their scythe snath and hanging - Capt Walthroupe came here in the evening- tarried all night.

 Tues. 25th Aug. 1818 Morning cloudy, sun came out about 8 a.m.  Barney help Carpenter reap - self reaping till noon. Mr. Adams came here from Fort Ann with an order from Troop Barney for $3.  showed him a sample of Penna. lands.  E.H. went to Mr. Dxns mill got 1/2 his grist and got home a little before night.  Lent Hall a ?

 Wed. 26th Aug. 1818 Morning clear and beautiful - Wrote a long letter to Throop Barney.  beginning with amount of Ward Barney; attachment, everything in the hands of the sheriff - collecting stopped till sentenced, - Bank stock attached Action brot Wheeler and Throops agreement to furnish $2000 - lands cannot be sold till suit removed from docket.  Ward gone to Albany.  W. hall chosen to settle with him.  Wrote by him to Wheeler, wrote about the difficulties which was my reason for not being willing to send generally - stated the claims and compromises.  Hunt taken possession the 3rd asked concerning it.  1611 claim what shall be done about.  1416 or 1410 claim is processessed. I bought in some of the tracts which we have sold   ?????????????????

 Made statement monies paid Bank $1340.25

                           Reynolds                  280.84       

                              1437                     300.00

                               K. ?                      117.18

                                                                      offer rent                                                  chg.             10.00

                           Paid Martin                  8.44

                                 Rec'd payment for sell 3.87 1/2

                                    J. Howard                   1.08    




Then copied account from bank                                                                                 $ 1094.31

Add taxes 1817 & 1818                                                                                                   350.00

Surveying fee                                                                                                                       25.00

Recording                                                                                                                             40.00


Must compromise about 1611.  Great expense and trouble to do this business.  Whether we had not better quit claims.  wrote to procure some money from bank.  Wrote that the money would have been collected if it had not been for Waids Suit    . - Went to Meadville and got there about 3 p.m. did but little excepting making some inquiries.  Boys some in swamp and one helping Carpenter get in Spring wheat.  Mr. Dxn borrowed and threshed wheat out of mine.

Thurs 27th August 1818 At Meadville, PA  gave to Mr. Adams preceiding and letter and a memorandum of the Nos. the tracts of lands in Crawford County to select from.  and he departed.  Agreed if I collect or to raise any money to give him notice for Barney that they may draw for the same - bought of C. Clark 1 shovel and 1 spade and marked them but did not bring them away.  Paid D. Andrews my last quarter postage $2.12 and got a letter Wyman for which I paid 18 3/4c left the note I had against Abram Kitlinger with Atkimon for collection, balance due on it $55.32 - orders to push it - asked for Mr. Warner money on Mr. Johnsons order but did not get it - See Mr. Clark, he says he does not want any money of me til after he returns from Philadelphia.  Agreed to compromise with Fetton the title of 1321 as the money is in the Treasurers hands and he the Treas. agrees, that I will assign said deed on such conditions as will not injure or subject me to damage or trouble - wrote by Mr. Brotherton to Simeron Hunt the same as before - respecting the sale of the stills - Mr. Pike came home with me to look land-brought home jug whiskey and apples - which I bought of Samuel Gehr - got of Mr. W. Arthur 14 deed which had been left for record - Boys and H. Hall & Barney in the swamp.   

Fri. 28th August 1818 Weather clear, dry, and warm.  Showed Mr. Pike 1/2 of 1453 then went to Braymer and showed him and Stringer west end of 1462, then took tour in search of cows and returned about 4 p.m.  All well pleased with the land - Eben Hunt hunting cows that have been gone three days.  Found them and brot them home about noon - Mr. Pike left us about 5 p.m.   Hall H. & Barney clearing in the swamp.  Carpenter went this afternoon and bought a sheep of John McFadden 4.25 Meat weighed 76#  rough tallow 11# paid $2.00 got home about dark.  Lent William Noble compass to take to Dxn. Mill.

 Saturday 29th August 1818 Very very dry and warm E H gone to work for Hall.  Carpenter gone to Dxns Mill with my horse. a hard scrabble after the cows and then another after Marietta who had lost herself looking for cows.  Barney and H assisted Carpenter to clean his wheat in the morning.  M. got home about 10 a.m.  Craine did not come to give an answer about 1509.

 Sun. 30th August 1818 Weather dry and warm.  Capt. looking all day for his lame ox and did not find him.

Monday 31st August 1818 Dry and warm.  A few drops of rain in the afternoon cloudy in the evening.  H. Hall and Barney logging in the swamp - Sent E. Hunt to town with 58# sugar to Mayor Alden. He returned about 1 p.m. and brought home 1 shovel & 1 spade from Clarks store and 2 qts whiskey and1 grubbing hoe from I.N. Hunts.  Cleaned up the wheat in the evening - Carpenter found his lame oxe  Threshed his peas in the afternoon.  James came from town and left his oxen in our Hog pasture.  A. Johnson and Campbell here.

 Tues. 1st Sept. 1818 Dry and warm.  Lent Dxn 2 sap buckets, he is to return me 2 new ones in the spring.  sent to mill on my horse by Carpenter nearly 4 bu. wheat - Hunt, Barney and Hall logging in the swamp - Threashed out the timothy seed and packed in a barrell.  Carpenter brought home the balance of the grist left at mill by E. H. and left that he carried, to have next Tues.  Brot up some fine mellons in the evening.

 Wed. 2nd Sept. 1818 Dry and warm evening a little cool - Carpenter, Barney and Hunt working in the swamp - Barney helped Hall to grind new axe in the morning and H. departed.  James came to borrow yoke staple had gone got 1 at Carpenters.  Reap some oats  Bonets - Kincade here served summons on Carpenter in favor of Hotchkiss 1 12/ bu. chopped rye.

 Thurs. 3rd Sept. 1818 Weather extremely dry.  Warm sun and cool evening.  Carpenter helping us log in swamp in the forenoon.  Abizer Fuller came to his house about 11oc a.m.  Carpenter did not work in the afternoon, waited on Fuller.

 Fri. 4th Sept.  1818 Morning cool.  day extremely dry and warm sun.  Mr. Jones came here in morning to grind new axe, son in law with him and young man from ? to look land - fuller gone to look No. 1509 to have on 10 years pay day at $4. per acre interest yearly or 43. if he pays $200 by the first day of Feb.  Carpenter at work in the swamp after 9 a.m. quit at 11 a.m. to doctor sick ox.

H & B in swamp.  Jones took away ? rife.  Finished putting up and burning the brush in the swamp - the creek dry up within 20 rods of where we dip up the water.  Carpenters ox sick, conjestion eating to much oats.

 Sat. 5th Sept. 1818 Morning very early, the clouds in the east red which flashed to centre of the horison which changed to black about sunup and clouds seemed in commotion - begun to rain about 8 a.m. and continued till about 12 noon.  This is the best rain we have had for three months.  Began to reap the oats but quit on account of rain - Saml Glenn came for shovel for Wyman, gave him the old potash shovel.  H & B grinding axes and putting handles in the mattocks and handle in axe.  Considerable of the corn is ripe.  Afternoon hauling rails - night warm.  Got our saw from James.

 Sun.6th Sept. 1818 Fine clear day and warm.  Mr. Stewart and Mr. Douglass here to see the improvement.  Dxn and wife took supper with us and some mellons and gave M. D. some.  spent the day reading Philo-

 Mon. 7th Sept. 1818 Morning warm and cloudy.  Boys reaping oats.  Disappointed about halling rails on acct. of blue ox not coming home.---------------Warner W brot home foot wheel and borrowed iron wedges.  Reap oats till breakfast, looking like rain.  We made a bridge between house and barn - clouds began to break about 10 a.m.  Carpenter returned from looking blue ox and he and E. H. went to hauling rails hauled 2 load before noon.  W. grinding axes.  Joel Jones came here for money told his father ought to pay.  Finished the division fence.  M Lachlin with B- and Scroggs came to work on mill this evening.  Wind blew somewhat hard from the N/west in the afternoon and grew cold toward the evening, felt like frost, grew cloudy in the evening and not so cold - Carpenter hauling rails from 10 a.m. till 5 p.m. with his oxen - finished the division fence in the evening,  Carpenter cow and oxen turned into the field.

 Tues. 8th Sept. 1818 Morning cloudy and cool.  ML and hands getting out timber for the mill.  H & B made fence around barn before breakfast.  EH went to dxn's mill and carried about 12 bu. wheat.  Dxn had 2 buckets to give and 2 new ones next spring.  J. W. came from town with word about money due commissioners.  Carpenter gone to town with last load of pearlash has my oxen and took the patent plough to be sharpened - sent to Clarks for 1# tobacco - EH not returned from mill.

 Wed. 9th Sept 1818 Morning cloudy and cool.  McFadden and boy called here and got an order for $2.25 the balance due him for sheep.  M.L. and 2 hands getting out timber for the mill - Carpenter returned from town without lime - bought 1/2# tobacco for father and 1/2# for EH.

 Thursday 10th Sept 1818 This morning cold, some frost which touched some vines and some of Carpenters corn but not to do much injury, day cool clouds flying from north.  Fearful of more frost - WL and hands hewing mill timber.  EH and B began in the morning to dig for mill dam - went with 2 hands to help Carpenter cut up his corn about 10 a.m. and worked till night.  Frogs peep.

 Friday 11th Sept 1818 Morning cold a considerable frost, killed potatoes, beans and the leaves on the corn - in the low lands high chestnut ridges not much injured - EH and B. digging mill dam in the forenoon and drawing in the oats in the afternoon.  Self went to Johnsons vendue bought nothing and lost my day.  A. Johnson gave me a small canthook.  Conversation with Mr. Slawson about 1496.  he agrees to write to McCracken to take the tract - some electionering stuff - came home about 8 p.m. - day and evening warm with signs of rain - children collected a large quanity of melons.

 Saturday 12th Sept 1818 Small shower early in the morning, cloudy and warm.  Carpenter, Hunt and barney clearing away for mill.  McLaughlin and 2 hands making cart wheel.  Self went to Wymans in the morning for saddle and lent him last night and got 2 in. Auger - then went to Abraham Kightlingers and bought a sheep $3. he dressed it and brought it home and borrowed his pigeons net.  Wyman brought the cart box from Mr. Johnsons - fixed plave for keeping pigeons.  Many gone to Walthroupes Conneaut Lake. 

Sunday 13th Sept 1818 Cloudy, warm and some fine shower.  D. Dick here and took Dxn. 

 Monday 14th Sept 1818 Morning cloudy - Dxn turned his cow into meadow.  M.L. making wheels.  Dxn after breakfast at wheels - Carpenter and boys clearing away for mill dam till 3 p.m.  Self went to town.  ? of Mr. Reynolds $40. for Commissioners.  ? the thing by note in bank - Agreed with John Smock to bring mill from Pittsburg.

 Tues. Sept. 15th 1818 Cloudy, heavy thunder shower in the middle of the day - Bought big coat and pantaloons from Cullum about $16.75  gal. of whiskey of C. Clark, left measure with Douglass for boots.  Took Mrs Cuthsalls deed from J. Foster.  Paid ? .50 cts for cutting big coat.  H & B threashing and digging for mill dam.  WL making wheels.  Dxn 1/2 day.  WL and boys caught 10 doz. pigeons.  Self got home from town before dark - commenced raining about 11 oc and continued moderately all night.

 Wed. 16th Sept. 1818 Morning rainy and continued till night.  Boys after digging awhile went threashing the remainder of the day.  Bailey made one haul pigeons cooped 13 - ML and hands working at mill cogs.  M. L. killed a turkey.

 Thursday 17th Sept 1818 Day cleared about 10 oc a.m.  M.L. and hands finished cogs and fixed cart to haul timber afternoon - Carpenter and oxen helped haul 4 long sticks timber had Cutshalls oxen 1/2 day - my ox lame.  J. Johnson here to sell beef - sowed grape seed - red top in the swamp.  M.L. killed a turkey.

 Fri. 18th Sept. 1818 Flying clouds, clear afternoon.  ML and men framing mill.  Mr. Carpenter and EH hauling timber from 9 a.m. till noon.  EH helping Carpenter cut corn in the afternoon - Barney worked at Mill dam. - digging up basswood stumps.

 Sat. 19th Sept 1818 Morning fine, flying clouds in afternoon.  Self cleaning house.  Barney went to mill carried 3 1/2 bu. and brought home the flour of 2 bu.  EH working at dam.  Mr. Blakely here in the evening and stayed all night.  agreed to sell either of the following lots of land in Bloomfield twp. at $3 per acre, interest annually 1666 - 1689 - 1648 - he is to send word which he will take - commencing raining in the evening and rained the greater part of the night.

 Sun. 20th Sept 1818 Morning clear and fine - cloudy about 9 a.m. and begun to rain with a cold N/W wind.  Mr. Blakley left here about 8 a.m.  J here going to Dxn caught 38 pigeons.  Carpenter 10.

 Mon. 21 Sept 1818 Day clear and cool.  M. L. and 2 hands frameing mill.  Self and E Hunt hauling timber.  Barney digging for dam till noon.  Afternoon taking care of and pulling beams had Carpenter oxen - Carpenter had my horse to Cochrans Mill - turned bull into N. field.  

 Tues. 22nd Sept 1818  Morning clear, a little frost.  Barney attended the beam and dug mill dam.  ML and 2 hands frameing Mill.  ML shot 2 foxs.  Hunt and self hauling timber all day, broke chart tongue.  Toward night EH got some timber for cart body - turned the hogs to woods, but they would not stay.  Carpenter brought load of pumpkins.

 Wed. 23rd Sept 1818 Day fine clear and warm.  Hauled one long sill for mill.  afternoon EH and B making cart body.  Self daubing house.  Carpenter harrowing with his and my oxen from 10 am till night - Waid borrowed iron wedge, flail rake - returned flail and rake - old Indian here shot 2 hens N of house, Carpenter began to harrow.

 Thurs. 24th Sept. 1818 Weather fine.  Carpenter hauling out corn shocks.  100 shocks.  I helped him 1/2 the forenoon and EH in the afternoon .  H & B threashed 6 doz. wheat in the morning and then B. went to Dxn mill and brought home the flour of 4 wheat.  Got 1/2 after 3 p.m.  E H cut and hewed a large poplar for bottom log to mill dam the remainder of the forenoon - ML 2 hands frameing - W here to borrowed a harrow - none for him.

 Fri. 25th Sept 1818 Warm and cloudy.  Got into loads of Beans.  Had Carpenters 1 oxen - Leonard Hall had 64# wheat, Threashed it himself - H & B sawed off 2 larger bottom logs for dam.  Afternoon H & B went to haul timber.  Broke Cart tongue and put in a new one.  Brot home two teaks.  W. went to J. Johnson and agreed with him for 3 ? beef at $5.00.  W. L. got 1 keg whiskey. 

Sat. 26th Sept 1818 Morning frosty.  Day clear and warm sun.  Gathered and haulded 6 1/2 load corn and all day on my side - and some pumpkins, husked awhile in evening.  dxn and Carpenter assisted us - B brought home from J. Johnsons 202 # beef at $5.00 per hun.  d. Hunt and B threashed 10 doz rye which made 6 bu.  H and oxen stayed till after B. sunday took rye and went home.  Bailey and Luaggs went off this morning after breakfast  M.L. framing mill.

 Sun. 27 Sept. 1818 morning frosty, day clear and pleasent, very dry.  J. and wife here with children, went home after dinner.  J. turned his calf into my field.  Dxn and little Mary here short time.

 Monday 28th Sept 1818 Day dry and clear, morning cool and frosty.  B. helping Carpenter haul corn.  Carpenter with his oxen assisted us before breakfast to draw two large logs for Mill dam.  EH and Self placeing them by bottom logs for the west end of Dam.  w.L. frameing.  Wyman helped him 2/3 day.  Husked corn evening.  James had my horse to Dxn Mill.

 Tues 29th Sept 1818 Morning frosty, day clear and very dry.  EH and Self hauling Mill timbers with my oxen and Carpenters.  ML rec'd a hard blow from the end of hand spike.  Brawley sent for to bleed him, which was done.  ML killed 2 turkeys.

 Wed. 30th Sept. 1818 Weather clear and warm.  Started after breakfast to go to Meadville to settle with Mr. Alden which we commenced - See Hunt about making mill irons.  John smith brought mill irons from Pittsburgh wt.300# charged $9. - paid him $2.  EH hewing Dam timber.  Barney digging potatoes.  Carpenter harrowing with my oxen.

Thursday 1st October 1818 Finished settlement with Mayor Alden came out indebt about $102 whole tax and cost $256.  bought about $18. worth of goods of Cullum.  1/2# for Carpenter.   2 quarts of whiskey of C. Clark.  Left with Mayor Alden deed of 1516 tract, money to be applied to my credit.  got $4. of old Mr. Field on a/c - Selected iron at Cullums for Mill work.  Hunt to take it when he wishes to work it.  Left book with Mr. Robinson to give to Reynolds.  B. digging potatoes.  hunt cutting and hewing Mill dam timber.  ML framing.  Left my great coat at Sams.  Saw Mr. Herrington on various interests.

 Fri. 2nd October 1818 Weather warm and dry.  Cleaned 2 bu. wheat. and sent to Dxn Mill  by Wm Stewart and 1 bu. corn. Put up 23 baskets corn over barn floor.  Stewart to bring James flour - Carpenter harrowing with my oxen.  B & H sawing and cutting mill timber in the forenoon - ML frameing - Jacob Braymer - old Mr. Blakely stranger and Andrew Braymer here took dinner and went away hunting land.

 Sat. 3rd October 1818 Cloudy and signs of rain.  Rained a little in the evening.  forenoon all hauling logs for mill dam.  afternoon H & self placeing them.  Barney hauling up potatoes and pumpkins.  Cr. threashing seed wheat.  Ja's brought my horse home in the morning.  M. L. frameing mill.  Mrs.Jones here.  A. Skn -here.  Adam Bradford here to see Carpenter.  Juliet quite unwell, got better in the evening - Ja's had husking this evening - Old Mr. Hunt here all night. 

 Sun. 4th October 1818  Moderate rain, broke away about 10 a.m. ground but very little wet.  Ja's turned his oxen into my field - Mr. Hunt went away early.  Commenced raining afternoon and rained all night moderately.

 Monday 5th Oct 1818 Morning rainy till 10 a.m. flying clouds and squalls continued thru the day, some snow seen in the air.  boys made mortar in the morning.  Got some poles to put over barn floor and put up some corn, helped Carpenter clean some wheat for seed.  Self daubing house - ML making pins for mill frame.  Jones here grinding axe.

 Tues. 6th Oct. 1818 Morning and day clear.  Put corn on the poles over the barn floor.  Had Cutshalls oxen to haul mill timber.  Went to Brawleys in the afternoon for brace timber, got back on the hill this side of Jones and left team till morning following - Barney cutting up stump in mill dam and doing chores.  Finished potato hole.  Sewed 1 acre, grass seed on Carpenters job.  ML at  mill and went with Hunt for brace timber - Carpenter began to sow wheat. 

 Wednesday 7th Oct 1818 Fine warm day, night warm.  Forenoon H. B. cutting and hewing logs for mill dam - A. - noon Barney threashing.  H & Self cutting and hewing timber for mill dam.  Carpenter had my oxen to harrow - sowed about 2 A.  grass seed south of Carpenter house.

 Thurs. 8th Oct 1818 Day fine and warm.  2 hands getting Dam timber, Barney went to mill - ML frameing - Carpenter harrowing in wheat had my oxen.  Bailey came back this evening.

 Friday 9th October 1818 Day clear and warm, south wind a.m. Carpenter with his oxen, assisting me to haul some big logs for dam.  Afternoon B. helping him to haul corn shocks - Self and H. placeing bottom logs in dam.  ML and B. getting timber in woods for braces - husked corn for Carpenter in the evening  DXN had my harrow.

 Sat. 10th Oct. 1818 Day beautiful, warm like summer.  Carpenter harrowing in the last of his wheat - had my oxen forenoon.  H & B digging foundation of mill.  Borrowed one bushel see wheat of James - Girls gone on horseback to Hamiltons for fruit and got none.  Husked at Carpenters in the evening.

 Sunday 11th Oct. 1818 Warm clear beautiful day, very dry.  Chestnuts and all kinds nuts growing plenty, nuts of all kinds, political and religious.  James wife at Carpenters, Esq. and wife here to T.

 Monday, 12th October 1818 Warm day, Carpenter went to town and got whiskey for husking and my B. coat.  All hands about Mill dam and hauling timber.  B. threashing assisted Carpenter to husk in the evening - 80 shocks - all well loaded - used Wymans oxen part of the afternoon to draw 3 logs in the mill dam.

 Tuesday 13th October 1818 Fine dry day.  general election and hard squabbling for offer.  Much lying and insinuations made use of - Went to town in Co. with Wyman.  Got there about 1 p.m.. - quite unwell - voted for whom I pleased - got 4 1/2 gallons whiskey of Clark, 1/2# tea, 13 tobacco for Cutshall, left measure for boots with Douglass - got 2 pr. shoes from Cullum for Carpenter and1 small pair for Juliet.  gave 2 N.Y. Hunt memorandum for making mill irons - came home in the evening with old Uncle Cutshall about 1 hour after dark.  he brought his bottles.  Barney hunting horse till after dinner, then went to Dxns Mill- stayed all night.  E. Hunt got home rails and repaired fence round barn.

 Wednesday 14th Oct. 1818 Cloudy, looks like rain - assisted ML to put in and place sills to Mill.  B. came about 12 noon.  turned out the hogs - all but three then left to haul some timber and braces. EH went just at night to ask hands to raising. 

 Thursday 15th Oct. 1818 Morning rainy, prospect of a bad day.  Clouds dissipated about 10 a.m. cleared off with a mere trifle of rain.  hands collected to raise mill about 3 oc completed raising about sunset with no accidents or discension -  Frame went together well and is a excellent frame and very stout.  All hands went off about an hour after dark excepting R. Defrance who stayed till morning.  Worked J's oxen 3 hrs.  Bought 47# venison of J Mc Fadden.

 Friday 16th Oct. 1818 Fine clear day.  ML & B frameing.  Boys hauling timber.  B. digging potatoes.  Had James oxen about 1/2 day - lent Carpenter 2 qts whiskey.  helped Carpenter husk in the evening, husked 65 shock - turned hogs into the woods - Wyman had 1 pane glass.  

Sat. 17th Oct 1818 Fine clear day.  Carpenter and E.H. dividing corn and hauling home corn 134 bu. with Wymans oxen - b digging potatoes in the forenoon.  ML & B frameing.  Barney hauled home 5 sticks timber in the afternoon - B. says his times out.

 Sunday 18th Oct 1818 Morning frosty but very clear and beautiful day warm.  Great quanity of Chestnuts picked this day - leaves fast falling from trees.

 Monday 19th Oct 1818 Morning frosty and clear, day warm and fine.  B. digging potatoes.  H and Self hauling timber and plank for Mill.  Agreed with B. to work on at discretion for the same wages he was to have the 2 preceeding months. ML and Bailey working.  Worked Wymans oxen all day.  Wyman cleaning out leaches in order to boil up ashes - Barney to be paid on order on store, did not promise any money.  Signs of rain.

 Tuesday, 20th Oct. 1818 Morning and day very like summer - Strong south wind and cloudy, began to rain about 7 p.m. very fast - Wyman, H and self getting out and hewing Mill Dam timber.  Barney with my oxen drawing ashes for Wyman - Partly covered the potatoes in the evening.  DXN brought our meal from Mill.  ML & B frameing.  Carpenters white ox in barn this day - beechnuts begin to fall.  Hogs all day in woods.  Wyman had my cart.

Wednesday 21 Oct. 1818  Morning very high wind from N. W.; cleared about 10 a.m. considerable rain fell in the night - grew cool and some sleet about noon.  Wyman hauling ashes with his oxen and mine - put some corn in the morning - B and H digging pit under mill for waterwheel - ML & B makeing gears - violent squalls of snow in the evening - Carpenters old white ox in the barn on the corn.

Thursday 22nd Oct. 1818 Morning snowing fast, nearly six inches on the ground air moderate - boys putting up corn - Wyman hauling 1 load ashes with his and my oxen  ML & B gone deer hunting - Bailey killed 1 fawn.  Capt. Walthorp and R. Campbell came here before dinner.

Friday 23 rd Oct. 1818 Morning squalls snow, snow has fallen 6 inches.  Cleared off about 12 .n.  Bailey hunting, killed 4 deer - sold 1 to Jones - 1 to Carpenter 1 to EH - I bought the other.  $1.borrowed 1/2 dollar Carpenter.  Capt Walthroup left here after breakfast, gave him dubill for $35.00 balance due him of all accounts, orders and demands.  James working at Potash. Self daubing house.

 Saturday 24th Oct 1818 Morning frosty, day beautiful and warm, evening clear and cool.  went to Esq. Brawleys and got 460 ft pine boards and brought some White wood boards of Wyman - cleaned up 7 bu. wheat -cleared a dry ground for forebay -got home some corn from Carpenter and Wyman oxen to get the load of boards.  ML & B about Mill gears.

 Sun. 25th Oct 1818 Fine day.  boys all gone there own way and left at home to enjoy peace and quietness.  I spent the day in reading.  Smokey weather

 Monday 26th Oct 1818 Beautiful weather warm and smokey.  EH and self working a.m. with Wymans oxen, p.m. my oxen.  Barney went to mill and got 2 bu wheat ground and 1 corn. Got home just at night - ML & B working at gears.  Gave Thomas McFadden an order on C. Clark for $3.80 - being the amount due him and $2.25 due his father.  Wyman working in Potash.

 Tues 27th Oct 1818 Weather extremely smokey, a little rain in the evening and cleared off cool.  an express to go to Meadville in the morning.  Started about 1/2 after 8.  Arrived at Meadville about 1/2 after 10 a.m.  hired John Smith to bring stills from Meads old Distillery - Pearlash 15 Bbls and all put on board Mark Hullings boat at 3 p.m.  He went off and gave no receipt  Stayed all night at Mr. Smiths - boys H & B working at Mill Dam.  ML & B getting out carriage sides.  Wymans oxen 1/2 day.

 Wed 28th Oct 1818 Morning clouds flying from N.W. somewhat cool bought hat Wm Magan $4. for Bailey 1 pr Susp - of C. Clark for Barney .50 - got new boots J. Douglass not pd.  Paid Samuel Gehr .75 cents for a dubill which he could not find.  come home middle afternoon - called at Capt. Walthroups, found Mrs. M just moved back from Conneaut Lake and very happy to have ?? returned.

 Monday 9th Nov. 1818 waiting for boats - made arrangements about lumber - weather fine. B & Jones worked for Mr. Carpenter.  Carpenters oxen all day.

 Tuesday 10th Nov. 1818 Waiting for boat - fine weather.  Used Ja's and C. oxen.  He went to Esq. Brawleys for load of boards.  Mr. Dxn abut 3 hrs. placeing logs inDam.  Mr. Thayer made a beginning on his house - tarried here all night.

 Wednesday 11th Nov. 1818 Boat arrived this evening. (H. affairs)  H and B all day at dam - used Ja's oxen - Mr. Dxn about an hour to place logs.  Mr. Thayer stayed here.  Had of Mr. carpenter 25# beef.

 Thursday 12th Nov. 1818 fine warm day, sold Pearlash to Bakewell, Page and B at 7c per hundred Wt.  amounting to ? 2 Bbls mine Wt. ? home affairs.  Barney went to mill hauling gravel for Dam with Wym's oxen  forenoon.  Mr. carpenter worked in the forenoon.

 Friday 13th Nov. 1818 fine weather smokey - Sold stills to Mr. Town for (large one) 35c - smaller ones at 30 at 5c Pd - B- $13.75 took 1/2 money $148. and note for half, payable at three months for other half -  paid my bill about $18. 00 in Pittsburgh. Bought 1# tea $1.50 2# coffee 90 cents.  Paid Marcus Huling $19.50 for hauling down 15 Bbl. ashes and the stills.  Left Pittsburgh.

 Saturday 14th Nov. 1818 Fine weather traveled from Balls to Gilaspies, found Landlord drunk - poor accomaditions - window blew down at head of bed - wind very high ( Home affairs) used Js's oxen 1/2 day - Mr. Dxn laid 3 logs.  Mr. Carpenter worked from 9 am till 4 pm.  H and B working at Dam.  ML & B the days I was in Pittsburgh, working at Mill.

 Sunday 15th Nov 1818 Fine weather, came to Shakeleys had bad headache.  Tarried all night in company of Samuel Foster.  ML and B at mill

 Monday 16th Nov 1818 Took some coffee very early and started for home where I arrived about 3 p.m. found H Barney and Davidson, Mr. Carpenters man working at Mill Dam - met Ja's going out with Pearlash -

 Tuesday 17 Nov 1818 Al hands working at mill dam.  Carpenter and oxen helping - borrowed of Carpenter  beef - Mr. Jones and son getting out hewing timber .  Mr. Wood and son came and began to get out timber at noon to give $1. per hundred feet - pay in grain - Dxn with team went for mill irons and did not get them further than Sackets.

 Wednesday 18th Nov. 1818 All hands at dam.  Rowley, one of Carpenters hands began to work today - E. Hunt quit at noon.  Settled with him, found his account $31.47 paid $30. cash and gave him duebill for $43.53 - $5. of which not money.  snow fell 2 1/2 inches.  MW and son getting out timber had Carpenters oxen.

 Thursday 19th Nov 1818 All hands at Dam - Mr. Wood and son getting out timber - that is Barney and Carpenters 2 hands - worked Carpenters oxen all day -

 Friday 20th Nov 1818 Barney, Carpenter and men working at Dam.  Mr. Wood and son getting  out timber - Rowley threashing wheat, cleaned up three bushel by candle light.  ML and Bailey working at gears.  Worked Carpenters oxen from 10 am till night.

 Saturday 21st Nov. 1818 Barney gone to Mill.  Wood and son getting out timber for Dam - Rowley and Davidson working at Dam, worked Ja's oxen from 10 am till night.  Mr. woods had 139 # Rye and 102 1/2# wheat - ML and Bailey hung the Waterwheel to the mill and finished it off - got up some turnips in the evening.  Allison De France came here for the night, had been hunting.

 Sunday 22nd Nov. 1818 Beautiful weather, warm and smokey.   J. has been absent to town since Monday last - made up a fire in the new stove and cracked one end of it 2/3 the length of it.   

Monday 23rd Nov. 1818 Fine warm weather.  Mr. Woods and son hewing timber for Dam am.  Afternoon butchering the cow - was fat beef - 40# rough tallow, kidney tallow, hides 60# quarter!  Barney, Rowley and Davidson and son hauling gravel till near night, then got load of turnips - worked Wymans oxen all day - DXN working at making small cart body - ML and Bailey working at mill gears.  Mr. Wood and son killed cow in the afternoon.

Tues. 24th Nov. 1818 Fine day went to Meadville, borrowed a bay of Capt. Walthroup to bring salt.  got 1/2 bushel salt at Fosters Store $1.50  Paid Foster $1.33 poor tax - got 7 yds flannel of C. Clark for E. Barney .87c yd 8 yds cotton for self .44 c. yd - 2 1/2 qt. whiskey - paid Sam Johnson .50c for apple seed - paid Barton $10.  on my account - $5. on Carpenters.  Paid Atkinson .50c for blanks - got 3 weeks papers - got auger mended at Hunts - see Mayor Alden on sundry affairs - Came home with Mr. Herrington in the evening - DXN had 3 baskets corn and ? wheat - finished cart body this morning - Barney, Rowley and Davidson hauling gravel to dam - ML & B working at mill.  Owen David here in the evening and all night.

 Wednesday 25th Nov. 1818 Fine day went with Mr. Herrington to survey land - went to find boundaries of Owen Davids lot - assertained that there is a wont of land for 1417 - Mr. Thayer raised his house on 1453 west end - Owen David stayed all night at Ja's.  B. R. D. working at Dam - ML and B working at mill - Mr. Thayer had J's oxen.  Barney, R and D at raising in the afternoon.  Mr. Wood and son at raising in the afternoon.  Marietta and Emeline gone to Capt. Walthrops.  Paid Joseph Johnson six dollars towards beef I had purchased of him - last fall in Sept.

 Thursday 26th Nov. 1818 Cloudy, began to rain about 2 oc p.m.  Rowley quit this morning - Barney and Davidson hauling gravel.  J's came here and hewed 1 - 16 ft. stick on 3 sides for Dam - Mr. Wood and son quit this dinner - say they have hewed 989 feet hemlock for dam - boys threashing rye afternoon - ML and B working gears of mill - self working at dam - putting in ties - Afternoon B & D threashing rye.  great wedding this day at DeFrances - Mr. Austin to Miss Anna - great number gone to wedding - gloomy day - girls not returned from Capt. Walthroups.  DXN cow constantly getting in to the turnips for some days past - Paid Mr. Wood 20# beef and $1.  Owen David with his party, Rowley, Thayer and Mr. Herrington returned this eve and all had supper. Began to rain 3 p.m. and rained moderately nearly all night - Rowley went away after supper - David his lot very bad - Ja's hewed stick of timer for floor.

 Friday 27th Nov. 1818 Morning rainy - Owen David and Thayer started after breakfast for home - OD agreed to send wife 1# good tea - for expense and trouble.  Continued to rain till 12 n. boys threashing rye and cleaning it up- placed 2 logs in mill dam - and extended the tail ram - Mr. Hunt went home with Cutshall and tarried all day and night - girls returned from Capt. Walthroup.  William came with them sent home the bay I borrowed.

 Saturday 28th Nov. 1818 Cloudy but no rain.  Working at am-pm Lyman went to mill.  B hauling up turnips - ML working at mill gears - B gone home.  Went in the afternoon and found west end of 1459 found Waid had part of his improved.

 December 10th 1818 Robert Bailey came here in the evening and stayed a few minutes departed is not coming to work longer at mill.  Gave him an order on C. Clark for .75 c cash due him.  He took away Mr. Thompson axe.

 Friday Dec. 11 1818 Day cloudy and cool.  James helping me place logs on Mill Dam - B hauling logs.  Geo Cutshall came from town left pair upper leather here for Carpenter and got 30# salt to return - worked Wymans oxen about 1/2 day - Esq. Brawley and son here in evening with his a/c for board.  Wanted order for Bbl. salt - went to Radles and did not return.

 Saturday 12th Dec. 1818 Weather cold and some squalls snow.  B. gone to mill.  self hunting and found hogs NE Waids near 1mile - gone till 3 pm - did not get them home - James took home his oxen and did not return them.

 Sunday 13th Dec. 1818 cold blue day, snow about 6 in. deep in the woods  went to Wymans and took dinner, returned about Sunset.  Barney got home from mill about 11 am.

 Monday 14th Dec. 1818 Cold blue day, squalls of snow - Carpenter settled off with his hands Rowley and Davidson an order on C. Clark for $7.53 $5.04  I owed him and charged the balance $2.49 to Carpenter - Mr. Banner here - got no money from him - he agrees to get for me all the grain he can.  Sent an order to Brawley by Banner on Abraham Kittenger for $10. on his boards a/c  Mr. Wood came here with a sleigh for grain, paid him 120# rye, 43# wheat and 1 1/2 bushel corn. 

 Tuesday 15th December 1818 Morning clear and extremely cold.  Black clouds flying rapidly to the north - sympton of rain.  South wind began to blow about 9 am.  James gone to town with my horse - B. threashing beans.  I cleaned up the beans, had nearly 2 Bbl.

 Wednesday, 16th December 1818 weather cold and squalls of snow.   Carpenter, self, ML& B went in search of hogs and got home 14 of them.  Wyman returned from town about 2 pm brought 1 gal. whiskey 1# tobacco and 1 Quire paper. 

 Thursday 17th Dec. 1818 Weather very cold.  James assisted us in killing hogs.  Killed & wt 737# ML assisted - Wentworth came here just at night inquired the way to Hunts - brought James leather last by Wm. Radle.

 Friday 18th December 1818 Weather a little more moderate - ML an Self cut out the hogs in the forenoon.  ML went with Carpenter to look for boar in the pm. did not find him.  Self pm. salted meat - EH came here in the evening.  Gave DNX $6.50 on Carpenters a/c .60 cts on ML a/c and lent him $1.90 money.  Gave order for W. the money $3. on Clark.  B. hauling wood and doing chores. 

 Saturday 19th December 1818 Morning extremely cold.  Day clear and fine air grown mild - b doing chores and threashing.  Self reading - ML hunting.  DXN borrowed chain - evening very severe and night following but little done this day.  (made sausages) Mr. DXN got home some hay this morning.  

Sunday 20th Dec. 1818 Morning very frosty and severe cold air - sun clear and pleasent - Mr. DXN took away his cow this morning - thawed in the middle of the day. 

 Monday 21st Dec. 1818 Morning white frost, air somewhat sharp - Day pleasent sun warm, snowing.  B. threashing oats - ML fixing sled - Mrs DXN here - James has my oxen to go after load hay was gone till night.  This month has been steady cold, perhaps beyond any known within the memory of men, but altho cold weather has been excepting one violent storm of rain and snow - very calm and steady. I changed with Mr. Carpenter my sow and boar pig for his white sow and one of his small pigs.  Put 13 hams and 1 shoulder in the brine or pickle ( put in 4 more hams next day.

 Tuesday 22nd Dec. 1818 Day warm and sign of rain.  Carpenter killed the sow I let him have and assisted us in killing 2 small ones.  We assisted him.  Salted up the whole for this year.  James brought home 21# salt which he had borrowed and 7# sugar to pay for cash.  Warner Ed borrowed my chain and afterward my yoke - DXN and Wd grinding axes - B threashing oats.  ML working at new sled.

 Wednesday 23rd December 1818 East wind air moderate.  Jas W and ML making sled - B threashing and doing chores - got sow home from Carpenters and shut her up with all the pigs.  Mr. Jones here acknowledged the debt to Wheeler.

 Jacob Guy's Diary of 1819


Thurs. 21 October 1819 Weather cloudy, squalls of snow and cold air for this season. J.  Walthroupe brought home pearlash tools.  Sawed about 600 feet boards - Moore doing chores.  Mattison and Gilbert finished hauling pumpkins.  Mattison had my oxen.  Moore doing chores, threashing and grinding flax.  ML came and brought tools to put roof on mill, went back to Walthroupes and tarried all night.

 Friday 22nd October 1819 Weather cloudy and squalls of snow continues ground white - Self sawed some floor boards - Moore did chores and thereashed some winter wheat. - ML did something of frameing rafters - Owen came back in evening   Emeline came home from town.  Carpenter began to pearl his salts - Wyman cutting pearlash wood for self.

 Saturday 23rd October 1819 Wind and clouds flying very rapidly to northward grew very thick about the middle of the day and grew so dark that a person could not see to read or sew in the house without a candle.  A strange sable gloom spread over the whole face of nature which lasted nearly 2 hrs.   Moore hauling wood in the forenoon and cut his foot somewhat badly - Owen threashing some in the morning - did some chores - cleaned the wheat Wyman assisted - Owen went to mill carried 3 1/2 bu. -did not return.

 Sunday 24th October 1819 Wind at N/W flying clouds, squalls of snow and cold for this season.  Mill Dam full - were under the necessity to fix the waste way.  Wyman helped 1/2 - DXN 3 hours - ML nearly all day - Owen 1/2 day finished sawed 2 logs for DXN $4.50

 Monday 25th October 1819  Weather quite cold and squalls of snow.  Sawed 250 feet cherry boards, excellent quality an about 550 feet whitewood - Wyman helped us about 3/4 of the day - draw logs - Owen 2 hrs drew logs  ML frameing rafters - Carpenter hauling out Pearlash.  Sent bull hide wt. 48# to White and calf skin 7 #

 Tuesday 26th October 1819 Some cloudy, hard frost in the morning grew warm in the evening - Owen working on road - David Mint working for Wyman Hall for himself - ML finished frameing the roof to mill.  Self sawed part of the day and attended to road - Wyman gone to town with my horse, to do errands for me - boys cut 25 rods of road 3 rods wide.

 Wednesday 27th October 1819 Hard frost - weather clear and fine.  Owen chopping on road - Mr. Cutshall working on road for himself.  ML - Wyman and Carpenter roof to mill in forenoon.  Wyman came home brought me sawmill file - gallon whiskey from Wagoner ( file pd. .75c) got me 1/2 bushel salt paid in sugar - paid for ML $2.47 - got wrench mended - got 1/2 side sole leather from White - Calf skin.

 Thursday 28th October 1819 South wind, weather warm and smokey.  Sawed two logs - Owen on the road - Moore went to mill with 2 bu. corn - ML putting on roof.

 Friday 29th October 1819 Weather warm and smokey SW.  ML and J. J. putting on roof - Owen doing chores, hauling shingles and daubing house - Moore went to mill  Thayer ploughing - Daniel Hunt brought load salts to pearl or scorch - sent word by D. Hunt to Radle and J McFadden to work on road tomorrow.

 Saturday 30th October 1819 Weather cloudy, wind NW some squalls now and cool - ML and Wm shingling mill forenoon - working on road afternoon.   Self killed hog and done chores, Owen assisting - hauled some wood.  The weather rough for the season. L. Jones here borrowed a little pork.

 Sunday 31st October 1819 Weather fine and beautiful.  Day spent in peace and quietness. 

 Monday 1st November 1819 Weather fine and smokey.  ML & JW shingling mill  Owen hauling shingles - Self attending to road cutting.  Mr. Hunt, Eben Hunt, and Warner Waid on road - Jones here grinding.

 Tuesday 2nd November 1819 Weather cloudy and trifling rain, ML and Wyman finished shingling mill - Jones, Barney and William Stewart working on road  Owen and Moore repairing hog pen - D. Hunt brought 2 Bs salt to pearl.

 Wednesday 3rd Nov. 1819 Weather warm and pleasent.  Self and ML finished the mill saddle boarding and put all things in repair - Self assisted to clear away and picked up nails and shingles - Owen got up some. Moore did some chores, such as finishing hog pen.  Mrs. DXN here to tarry. Mrs. Don her to Fri.

 Thurs.4th Nov. 1819 Weather cloudy and squally and disagreeable. Self sawed 60 floor boards.  William haulded 5 pine logs from swamp - Moore did some small chores - Wyman here and got 4 boards to make sled box.  ML and Braymer worked afternoon on road.  John quit Carpenter in a rage, gone to J. Brawley ESQ.

 Friday 5th Nov. 1819 Some squalls of snow in the morning, cleared and grew pleasent in the afternoon - Ja's put my ashes in the 2 leachs next the pearlash.  Mr. Thayer hauling ashes for him.  Owen doing chores and cutting logs in the woods for sawing.  Moore repairing tools and small things - self sawed 240 feet pine boards.  attended to the road, looked road from Jones - ML and Braymer working on road.  Volintine Jones for Wyman in afternoon - Carpenter packed 4 Bbl. scorched salts for Hunt, he thinks about 12 cwt.  

Saturday 6th Nov. 1819 High south wind, smokey and warm.  Self sawing part of the day.  Moore yet lame.  Owen working on road for himself.  ML working on road.  Immence numbers of pidgeons hovering about today.

 Sunday 7th Nov. 1819 Wind blows hard from S/W smokey and cloudy.  Some of the people gone to Esq. Brawleys to hear Mr. Alden preach - Mr. DXN came home from town brought me a new trowel in place of the one he broke of mine.  Self very lame in the sholders and neck with the rheumatism.

 Mr. Foster was hanged at Quebec last summer - Williams here took assessment  I am to leave my tax with John Reynolds.  Wyman working in Pearlash.

 Wednesday 24th Nov. 1819 Weather warm like summer.  self sawed part of the day and doing things about the mill - Moore making board kiln - Owen ploughing - Gilbert and Mattison got in 3 logs, 2 for G and 1 for M.   Carpenter go tin 4 logs for boards and plank and took away a load of slabs.  Wyman working in potash.  Woman made up 35 dozen candles.  Wyman had my oxen 3 hrs.. to haul wood.

 Thurs. 25th Nov. 1819Weather warm like summer.  Self sawed 4 logs for Gilbert - Moore and Owen a great part of the forenoon makeing a board kiln and very much to their disappointment at the time they had got on all their boards the kiln fell - so much gone for nothing - Afternoon Owen hauled stone out of little field my mill into the mill dam.  Mr. Jones and Lady and Mr.  Barney and Lady here and spent the evening very much to our satisfaction and we expect to theirs -  Carpenter harrowing in rye for ML on 1486 - Learned that Wills had missed his road, wandered to Randolph and was showed the way by him to Hunts.

Friday 26th Nov. 1819 Weather warm S/W wind and clouds - grew a little cool in the evening.  Sawed 200 ft boards for Mattison - Moore did some small chores and working the greater part of the day on board kiln and not done - Carpenter working for ML sowing rye - Owen hauling stone to mill dam from small field - Put pine under the board kiln.

 Saturday 27the Nov. 1819 Weather some cloudy and cooler.  Owen hauling stone out of the little field near mill - Moore doing chores - fixing about barn - afternoon went with Carpenter to Brawleys as witness in the case between him and John Merrit - On the whole settlement of all amounts between him and all the Merrits.  the reference brought him in debt $3.  We came home by moon light.  Many witnesses were called for little purpose.

 Sunday 28th Nov. 1819 cloudy and a trifle snow.  Samuel Johnson and Michael Seeley came here.  Johnson says he will meet me at Meadville next Friday with 2 cows and 1 heifer which I have agreed to take at appraisal of men.  Mr. Ellis and 2 N.Yers, Hunt are agreed on as appraisers - been all day at home reading.

Monday 29th Nov. 1819 Fine weather.  Self sawed 538 feet boards, logs brought by Mr. Carpenter and divided them - attended board kiln - Wyman finished scorching his salts and afterwards he and Carpenter scorched mine about 150#  Moore and Owen threashed 2 1/2 bu. wheat and cleaned the same and worked awhile at board kiln and Owen went to mill in the evening.  Thayers ox threw down fence and got into the winter wheat - Wyman got Thayer to haul in 4 logs for G.Cutshall oak.

 Tuesday 30th Nov. 1819 A hard white frost and fine day. Carpenter helped in killing 3 hogs which took 2/3 day.  self sawed 200 ft. boards.  In the evening the board kiln took fire and burned down, we saved a few - Cutshall came to work on road.  He butted G. - logs and went off.

 Wednesday 1st of Dec. 1819 Morning frosty, high wind from S/W.  self weighed cut out and salted hogs - 1 231# - 1 - 175# good pork.  weighed my scorched salts and put them in with Wymans 107# it was almost melted - Moore cutting and hauling wood all day - Owen gone to Warner Waids chopping ? at Walthroupe - Wyman gone - Thomas McFadden worked on road - Thayer called in the evening and told me he had left J's in the woods at Douglass run unable to proceed on account of to much w.

 Thursday 2nd Dec. 1819 Weather somewhat rough with high wind from NW.  snow fallen in the night 1 1/2 in.  Moore doing chores, chopping wood, hauling slabs.  Owen came home in the morning got breakfast, ground axe and went off to Uncle - Gilbert haulded away the greater part of his plank and boards.  Self spent this day, chiefly reading.

Friday 3rd Dec. 1819 Weather clear and pleasent - Moore went with James and our oxen to help him to Walthroupes with his pearlash, gone till 1 pm sent by him hide to White and pearlash shovel to Hunt to make Barn hinges and hinges for door.  Self sawed 750 ft Plank for Carpenter and part of large log for G Cutshall.  Gilbert hauled away the balance of his boards and Plank and Mattisons.  Mr. Hanson here gave him the patent of 1460 - he asked if I recollected any bargain between W. B. and him about McCracken debt - Made memorandum for Carpenter to get at town tomorrow 1/2# L, Gal w. and 1/2 side of upper Leather from White.

 Saturday 4th December 1819 Weather clear and pleasent, but not warm enough to take off the snow.  Self took up and laid ash board in chamber and garret.  Moore did something about making shed, hauled some boards and did chores.  Carpenter returned from town about sunset.  Brought 2 decent looking cows from Samuel Johnson, appraised by N.Y Hunt and Esq Ellis at $36.50.  Got gal. whiskey of Magaw and 2# tobacco for which he paid the money.  got on my acct. of Cullum $22.75 of goods for Moore.  Jacket, trousers, vest, with trimmings.  Wyman called here about 12 pm. after we were all in bed on his return from town - with team, sent order by Carpenter on White 1/2 side upper leather which he got $2. and send him the cow hide by Wyman Wt .50#

 Sunday 5th December 1819 Weather clear and pleasent - spent the day in peace at home reading.  Mr. DXN called a few minutes.

 Monday 6th December 1819 Weather warmer and south wind, snow chiefly gone  looks like rain - Self sawed 3 or 4 hundred oak boards - Eben Hunt brought pig to exchange, concludes not - he hauled in 2 saw logs and cut more.  Carpenter brot crooked stick to saw sled runner from.  Moore making shed at east end of barn. Old Mr. Hunt here and borrowed grubbing hoe.

 Tues. 7th Dec. 1819 Weather warm and beautiful, sawed 750 floorboards for George Cutshall - Eben hunt hauled some logs and log for sled runners and one for beam.  Moore making shed and place for calves - Owen chopping for rails.   DXN asked to cut maple log for chair timber - permitted - Hunt cut his logs by hand.  Carpenter threashed and cleaned up the beans.

 Jacob Guy's Diary 1820

 Wed. 5th January 1820 Weather cold - Self unwell - Carpenter threashing all day - Moore yet lame - got a little wood and hauled sleigh runners to DXN - nothing of any consequence done this day.  evening very severe cold.

 Thursday 6th Jan. 1820 Morning very cold, day clear and pleasent, very sharp air.  Moore helped Carpenter clean 10 bushel wheat, took 1/2 day.  Carpenter chopped off 2 logs.  Carpenter and WF here and stayed awhile in the evening - Moore lame.

 Friday 7th January 1820 Morning severe cold, grew cloudy about 9 am and began to look more mild evening, looks like a thaw.  Self done but little, read some.  Moore yet lame - got a little wood and did the small chores.  DXN here asking about sleigh which he is making - Eben Hunt here after a load of boards, says he cannot work for me short of 3 weeks - Carpenter threashing - Thayer took away part of his oats.

Sat. 8th Jan 1820 Weather cloudy and moderate - Self cutting 1 gig wheel, had no trouble in starting water wheel - Moore and Carpenter threashed 2 bu. spring wheat, did chores.  In the evening company arrived from town viz - Enoch and Sally Lord, Simeon and Eliza Dunham and William Walthrope and Gran Miles and Sally Ellis - who tarried with us all night.

 Sun. 9th Jan 1820 Weather same as yesterday.  The company went off about 11 am and Marietta went with them to town - Self quite unwell with violent headache - Mr. Alden preached at Esq. Brawleys.

 Monday 10th Jan 1820 Cloudy with strong NE wind, began to snow moderately at 10 am which increased and became violent in the afternoon and continued thru the night, snow fell ? inches.  Thayer finished threashing his wheat and hauled away his straw.  self and Moore sawed about 700 ft of boards and plank.  The people generally gone to town to election of a Colonel - Carpenter gone to Meadville to mill carried 2 bushels for me.

 Tues 11th Jan. 1820 Snow fell yesterday and last night 9 in. deep - This day squally - Self spent the whole day reading - Moore cut the wood and took care of cattle - Carpenter came from town just at night - Marlin made Colonel - he did not get his meal.

 Wed. 12th Jan 1820 Weather very cold and blustery - Thayer here in the morning to clean wheat and take away his straw - DXN here and got boards and nails to make sleigh box - Self threashed 5 Bbl  beans, cleaned them and brought them into the house.  Had headache in evening.

 Thursday 13th Jan. 1820 - Morning extremely cold, the coldest this winter. began to moderate a little in the afternoon.  I threashed 5 doz. wheat and did some chores - Moore hauling wood - Carpenter hauling cherry logs to mill - Wyman arrived from town this morning, being the 4th day spent at the Military Election - Clouds look like rain towards evening -Moore cleaned and oiled sleigh harness in the evening.

 Fri. 14th Jan. 1820 Weather clear, warm pleasent, signs of rain or snow.  Self cleaned out saw mill - Moore cutting and hauling wood - DXN brought his wheat to our barn - he with Warner Waid threashed, had my sled to haul wheat - Carpenter hauling cherry logs - Jones hauled 1 small bassswood log - James here and got his chizel and his auger - Carpenter had my oxen to haul logs - he helped us lean up 1/4 bu. wheat in the morning.

 Sat. 15th Jan. 1820 Wind changed to NW and grew cold.  DX finished threashing his wheat and hauled away his straw - Moore chopping wood at door and doing chores.  Self fixed the mill and sawed 250 ft of cherry boards.  The 1 log of Carpenter sawed - Mr. Gilbert here wished me to get his letter out of the Post Office if I go to town on Monday.  E. Hunt here and took away the last of his boards - he say he will tell me next Monday how he will work.

 Sun. 16th Jan. 1820 Morning cold wind at NE.  began to snow about sunset and continued violently with high wind till midnight then hailed awhile. I called into Mr. DXN awhile, the rest of the day at home - McLaughlin came here in evening.

 Monday 17th Jan. 1820 Snow fallen about 9 in. wind changed to NW about 9 am. - blew hard with heavy squalls of snow which continued thru the day and the air grew something cool - Carpenters chimney back fell down this morning.  Mrs. Carpenter here with children.  ML here all day.  I wrote 3 letters for him he left a bundle of letters here, which I put in my trunk - he says he will make me a pitman someday when the weather suits - Moore threashing - E. Hunt here took newspaper, says he is not prepared to tell me how he will work for year.  

Tues. 18th Jan. 1820 Weather cloudy and somewhere snow is solid 18 in. deep - threashed about 10 doz. winter wheat and rye - did chores - James M. here grinding new axe - Hall here and borrowed 2 in Auger and took away 2 in Auger.  William Nadle and Nancy called here - William got 2 boards. ML went from here after dinner.

Wed. 19th Jan 1820 Weather extremely cold, Moore did the chores and that is all that is done this day.  Capt. Harown called here, he was going to Wymans for wheat.  I spent the day reading.

 Thurs 3rd Feb. 1820 Morning warm wind changed to NW about 8 am and blew violently with heavy squalls of snow and grew cold - self and Carpenter went to Meadville with sleigh.  Attended to the remonstrant against the State road petition with good sucess on account of getting signers the means are being popular.  Brawley wrote to Wilson Smith and enclosed the remonstraner  Got 2 1/2 bu of Apples .75cts per bu. did not pay got 1 1/2 yd Flannel of Cullum 1.50 2 bass $2.50 - 1# tobacco .50cts  got book library Rushs Works  Started from Meadville about 8 pm and got home 1/2 after 10 pm - got jug of whiskey of A. Smith - Lost or left my mittens - Appointed arbitrator in Trustees Academy and Karr.

Friday 4th Feb. 1820 Weather cold and some snow in the morning.  Moore went to mill and got home with the meal and flour about 10 pm.  started the mill - did but little this day - except chores.  Wyman, Hall Jones hauling logs to mill.

 Saturday 5th Feb. 1820 Weather fine and moderate SE wind.  got saw mill in order and sawed 1 cherry log.  Did chores - Wyman and Waid hauling in logs  Jones and Mr. Williams here an itinerant preacher to grind axe.

 Sunday 6th Feb. 1820.  This is the finest day we have had for 6 weeks SW wind and warm, snow thaws considerable.  Neighbors gone to Stewarts to hear Williams the iterant preacher - Hall came in here in the evening.

 Monday 7th Feb. 1820 Snow fallen in the night about 6 in. and continued to snow till 10 am. making about 7 in. wet snow.  Wind from NE during the storm but very light - Changed to NW about noon - still continues moderate, Self and Moore chief of the day at the mill sawed 4 logs and plank.  Lent Hall the sleigh to go to Capt. Deweys.  Wyman lost his colt this morning by reason of being gored by his ox.  He had my oxen to haul logs.

Tues. 8th Feb. 1820 - Weather grew cloudy in the evening and rained a little moderately.  Mr. Simeon Bishop came here in the evening, to buy my right to the W. Mintry tract of land in Venango township - agreed with him for $200. payable in boards in May 1820 delivered at Meadville at the market price - took a judgement bond of him for the money, which I am to give up if he brings me a note, signed by two others - Sawed two logs cherry - Wyman hauled in Pine logs.

 Wed 9th Feb. 1820 Morning a misty rain - wind changed to NW remained cloudy and moderate all day.  Sawed part of the day on Cherry logs - Moore hauled 1 load of rails and brought up 1 cherry log, Hunt and wife Barton and wife came here in the evening and tarried all night - Wyman hauling in Pine logs   Wm, Wd and Hall hauling Pinelogs.  the itinerant preacher left after breakfast.  father quite helpless.

 Thurs. 10th Feb. 1820 A raw wind from the east, snowed violently toward night 2 or 3 hrs.  Snow rising 2 ft. deep.  Sawed 2 logs.  1 for bedstead and1 boards - DXN had horse and cutter to go to mill - Hunt and Barton went to Carpenters for dinner and Wyman to supper.  I dined with them.  Moore did the chores.  J. Douglass and his attendant are going to be married. hunt and self returned here in the evening from Wymans and tarried all night.  Father very helpless.

 Fri. 11th Feb. 1820 Weather pleasent.  DXN and wife, Mrs Guy and boys started after breakfast to go to Bloomfield Township.  Hunt and Barton started home.  I sawed part of the day - Moore did the chores.  Wyman hauled in logs.  Waid and Hall hauled logs - Sally Jones here all night.

 Sat  12th Feb. 1820 Weather moderate and beautiful ( rained a little in the night) snow thawed considerable with the sun - Moore and I repaired the mill fitted saw - sawed part of the day - Moore did the chores - Wyman hauled in log  Gilbert hauled in 5 small pine logs to pay for sawing some cucumberlog last fall - Sally Jones went home in forenoon - put box in pitman hemlock knot  McLaughlin came here in the evening to make pitman, cut stick for same - father unwell and very helpless - Self unwell with cold, Carpenter went after load of straw to Abraham Kitlingers - ML came in the evening to make pitman.

 Sun. 13th Feb. 1820 Wind changed to NW, a little colder but was a very pleasent day - Ja's here - Hall called here - day none to well spent - Father very helpless.  After 9 oc pm and wife not returned.  DXN came some time in the night

 Monday 14th Feb 1820 Weather warm, clear sun and south wind.  Started 11 am with Mr. DXN for Meadville arrived about 1/2 after 2 pm and took dinner  found Mrs. Guy there - after short stay, DXN and she started for home.  I attended to the Arbitration Trustees an Kerr - gain Judgement in favor of self an Petition testimony - got thru about 1 pm lodged at Torbetts - got canthook repaired at Burnsides, which came back by DXN. $2. coming as Arbitration Exchanged Judgement Bond for note vs Bishop and Phelps.

 Tues 15th Feb. 1820 Weather quite warm, snow going fast.  Attended Court as witness and sought men to hire.  attending saw mill.  ML making pitman.  A heavy rain in the evening making a great flood.  Carpenter and Moore sticking up boards.


Phalanx history of Lyons Hollow in Richmond, Crawford County, PA:

Phalanx History


"Contemporaneously with the most famous of an American Communistic experiment, “Brook Farm” in West Roxbury, an experiment matching the practical if not the Aesthetical side was taking place her in the wild new country of this community, Lyons Hollow.  In the 1840’s the experiment which always appears so attractive in previous consideration and is so disappointing in actual practice was tried on Tract 1466 Crawford Co, PA.


Daniel Hunt was the leader in the movement.  He was the only well educated in the community and naturally had considerable influence over his neighbors.  Stressing the economy of community living, he induced practically every family of settlers in the neighborhood to enter the project.  Another motive for community living was the protection offered from the depredation of wondering Indians.


The life of the early settlers was haunted by shuddering fear of savages.  Looking back we know the land hereabouts had been permanently cleared of hostile Indian tribes, but the early settlers did not know this.  The fear of the Indians persisted long after there was any need of it.  The terror of wild animals was more justifiable.  Nancy Stainbrook, sister of Mrs. McLaughlin, was on horseback when chased some distance by a panther.  The country was thickly wooded, cattle having no food except the leaves they browsed from the trees and brush.  Returning home to the McLaughlin’s one winter afternoon, Nancy’s horse shied and ran away.  She clasped her arms about its neck an clung for her life; reaching home the horse jumper over the bars into the barnyard.  Mr. Stainbrook hurried out with a lantern to learn the cause of the disturbance and found the tracks of the panther which had followed to the barnyard bars.  All the settlers had related how the wolves howled about the cabins and how numerous were bears.  These animals were a constant menace to the livestock.


It is said that the first homes of the Phalanx members were 11 log cabins built in a row extending eastward from the spring.  One of these cabins remained sanding until after 1855 when Greens bought the farm.  They used it as a storage place for milk and butter.  When frame houses came into use a large one was erected to house th colony.  It was constructed in the form of a huge L.  The part built from East to West was one hundred feet in length while that running north and south was fifty feet.  The excellent spring near by furnished water for domestic purposes.  Doubtless this spring was the primary  factor in the selection of a building site.  There was a stump left under the parlor floor which caused a hump in the floor.  When the house was cut down at the close of the Phalanx epoch, a part forty feet long from east to west end was left standing.  This was used as a dwelling by the Greens, and the Higby, Sybrant and McElhenny families which succeeded them.  The building was well built.  There was a lovely colonel doorway with a panel of glass on either side in the center of the north wall.  This entrance led to the kitchen, a huge room which required thirty five yards of carpet to cover the floor.  The living room was to the left as one entered the front door.  The doorknobs were of brass.  A row of narrow windows peeped from under the eve.


At the beginning of the enterprise the members lived high, however before the end of the experiment food was scarce. The theory of the experiment was that all members should share equally in the labor and equally in the benefits.  As always happens with any number of people in like condition some members soon found ways to get more than their share with no labor.


At its height quite a group of buildings were used by the colony.  The barn was on the Westside of the road nearly directly opposite the road leading east to Ebenezer Hunts.  Close to the northeast corner of the road was the blacksmith shop.  The church was on the west side of the road.  It was a Methodist congregation.  Jessee Winans, the spiritualist, preached there for a time.  David Moore presided there also.  The Crosses and probably all of the Phalanx members were of the Methodist faith.  West of the bridge was a deeper place in the brook were children drove sheep for washing.


I do not know in what year the colony was started.  It was thought to have ended about 1851.  The land remained in the Hunt name during the entire period.


Zaccheus and Angeline Wells Flint were part of the Phalanx experiment.  Zaccheus Flint , Son of Luke and Elizabeth Watkins Flint, born 2-14-1800 in Rome, Oneida Co ., NY; died 4-20-1872 in Richmond, Crawford Co., PA.  He married Angeline Wells, first wife.  Angeline Wells was born 1807 in NY; died 1855 Richmond, Crawford Co., Pennsylvania.  Angeline lived near Lake Superior, in Michigan. The Wells' were owners of extensive salt mines.  Zaccheus Flint married widow, Miranda Seeley, second wife, born 1812 in NY; died in Richmond, Crawford Co., PA.  Zaccheus Flint served as a drummer and water boy in the war of 1812 but came home before his enlistment was up, as he received no credit for his service. He worked in the vicinity of Rome until 1828 presumably as a farmer, laborer, and woodsman as was the custom of the day. When his father moved to the frontier of Chatauqua County, he went along and on March 21, 1828; he purchased 118 acres of land from the Holland Land Company in the present day township of Arkwright, NY for $430 dollars.  Shortly after, he brought his bride to his home in the wilderness, and together, they cleared and improved this land. On March 4, 1829, he sold 50 acres off his property to his brother Elisha who remained here until 1836 when Zaccheus and his half brother Russell moved out of the township and county.  On March 2, 1836, Zaccheus and Angeline Wells Flint sold their remaining property to Jonathan French for $1024 and leading their four children in a wagon, started for Pennsylvania by way of the Chautauqua Lake trail.  His father Luke, having lost his wife Elizabeth, was now living with him.


Traveling most of the summer, they arrived in Richmond, Crawford Co., PA in November.  The William Walker Estate was for sale, and Zaccheus purchased 112 acres of this land for $336 dollars.  This land, formally called "Donation Land" was originally given to the Revolutionary War soldiers for their services, but was sold by them to land speculators who in turn sold to permanent settlers.  Zaccheus' property was located in Lyons Hollow, Richmond Township while his brother Russell part of the same estate, was located in New Richmond, same Township.  Zaccheus Flint had the usual troubles of a life-time farmer.  His next door neighbors, a socialist group called the Phalanx,  talked him into investing part of his property with them.  It was a lucky thing that his wife would not let him invest more, as soon this scheme "where all would share equally for equal work" turned into a colony of bosses where no-one would work.  The family lived in the Phalanx community during Luke boyhood. The children of the Phalanx enjoyed it greatly. There were so many of them always available for games.  Like all the other, Flints lost their property they had put into it and returned to the place at the hollow, west of the comer.  Luke often laughed about Mrs. Lamb while serving at the table would say: "Captain Flint, hold up your trough." When the bean soup became so thin that one had to dip several times to get a bean, Zaccheus quit the movement, saving what property he still retained in his own name."







The Childs Family Genealogy © 2004