November 30, 1782 an agreement was reached in Paris
between the independent United States and Britain.
The peace treaty recognized the boundaries of the 13
Colonies as a new nation. The United States took
control of the vast "Lower Canada," which was also known
as the Northwest Territory. September 3, 1783, the
formal Treaty of Paris was signed which ended all
hostilities. Now that this Northwest Territory was
secure, America was given room for expansion. Many of
the states then gave land grants to soldiers for their
service in the War of Independence. "Some 700,000 acres
of land was set aside as "Donation Lands" given to
Pennsylvania soldiers. This arrangement was convenient
because the government was short of cash and it also
encouraged settlement in the new area. Numerous land
tracts were the property of the American Population
Company. One million four hundred thousand acres became
the property of the Pennsylvania Population Company and
the Holland land company. The Holland Land Company was
formed by a group of Dutch bankers in 1792. These
companies bought land in New York, Pennsylvania and
elsewhere in North America at low prices and sold it to
the pioneers at a profit."
Jacob Guy, a native of Concord, New Hampshire and former
student of Whitehall New York Academy, Yale College, and
graduate of Dartmouth College moved from Whitehall, New
York and migrated around 1813 to Crawford County,
Meadville, PA. He then purchased several Donation
District Tracts of land from the county commissioners at
a tax sale for delinquent taxes.
At one time he reportedly owned as much as ten thousand
acres. His property comprised nearly half of what is now
known as Randolph Township. He constantly bought and
sold land to incoming settlers. Jacob Guy lived in
Meadville, PA for two years before migrating to Mead
Township, now Randolph Township, in 1815. Another new
company made up of Ward Barney, George Barney, and
William A Moore, also of Washington County, New York,
made large investments in these tax titles and sold
their claims to incoming settlers.
The northern and southeastern parts of Mead Township
were Donation Lands, while the southwestern corner was
the property of the Holland Land Company. The first
settlers of the region settled the land owned by the
Holland Land Company. It was required of a settler to
reside on the property and make improvements on each
tract. The company offered a gratuity of one hundred
additional acres to each one fulfilling the terms of
settlement, in order to place an occupant on each tract
at the earliest possible date. Many of the pioneers
coming into the county gladly availed themselves of this
opportunity to secure land on which to settle.
A large number of the settlers who purchased the
Donation Lands came mainly from Whitehall, Washington
County, New York, including sections of Whitehall, Fort
Ann, Granville, and the area of Rutland, Vermont. It was
well into the middle of the 1800s, before Mead Township,
now Randolph Township, was nicely settled. The period of
1820-1830 Randolph saw its greatest population growth.
Randolph Township is an interior township and was formed
in 1824. It is situated a little southeast of the center
of Crawford County and contains 23,697 square acres. The
lay of the land is hilly and drained by two creeks. The
creek flowing north into Richmond Township is called
Woodcock Creek and the creek flowing south into Wayne
Township is called Sugar Creek. Randolph is bordered on
the North by Richmond Township on the East by Steuben
and Troy, on the South by Wayne, and on the West by
The incoming settlers were able to provide meat for
their families as wild game was abundant in the area.
Honey Bees and trees laden with honey were a common
The Alexander and Joseph Johnson families were the first
pioneers to settle in the area. They settled in 1797.
The second pioneers to settle here were James and John
Brawley. The area is known today as Brawleys Stand and
is located two miles southwest of Guys Mills.
In 1815 Jacob Guy selected a choice creek bank located
between two steep hills and made the first settlement in
what was to become Guys Mills. The whole area was
unbroken wilderness. At the time he cleared enough trees
to construct a temporary dwelling of basswood poles and
hemlock brush. As one views the lay of the land and the
tiny creek which runs through Guys Mills today it is
easy to see how the exact location was chosen. In the
valley lies a large level area which would have made a
great basin for a hugh mill pond. Precisely at the
location of the present road the valley narrows between
two hills and thus forms a natural partial dam. The fact
that the large flat area was funneled down between these
two hills is the reason Guys Mills was built at this
When Jacob Guy moved to Guys Mills the township showed
few signs of habitation except the dozen or so little
clearings made by the settlers who preceded him. An act
of legislature on March 3, 1817 authorized a state road
to be cut from Meadville to the New York State line.
Commissioners were appointed by the state to lay out a
road fifty feet wide, beginning on the New York line, at
the northern boundary of Warren County, and running to
Meadville. The road was to be surveyed between April and
November of 1817, and $3000.00 was appropriated by the
state for opening and clearing the same from Meadville
to the New York state line. This road takes an almost
direct straight line northeast from Meadville, passing
through Blooming Valley, New Richmond, Little Cooley and
Riceville, leaving Crawford County near the northeast
corner of Sparta Township, seldom deviating or avoiding
hill or dale. It is said that of the Commissioners James
Miles, John Brooks and Maj. McGrady, one was interested
in lands north, and another in lands south of a direct
line. When one would suggest turning a hill on the north
the other would object, and vice versa, so that
selfishness was really the cause of this road being laid
out up hill and down dale, to the inconvenience of
future generations. The state road remained almost
impassable for some years, and in 1826 work was still in
progress upon it. It was not until the country was well
settled and it began to be improved by the townships
through which it passed, that it could be regarded as in
fair condition." This road today is route 77. This main
thoroughfare ran through New Richmond and is
approximately four miles from where our 1780 Isaac
mill/saw mill erected by Jacob Guy in 1816 or 1817 was
the first frame building in the village. It was this
mill that was credited with naming the town. The
creek-bank village was possibly known as "Guys Mill"
which later evolved to the more familiar version, "Guys
Mills." My husband likes to suggest that another
possible explanation is that Guys Mills
indicates two mills. It appears the mill was two mills
in one. A Grist mill perhaps located on the second floor
and a Saw mill on the first. My husband Norman draws his
theory from the fact in the diary of Jacob Guys 1818 and
1819, he tells of grinding grain and sawing boards in
the same account. All towns needed a grist mill and a
saw mill which could be powered by the same water
supply. For more information about the Mill built
by Jacob Guy see the book Guys Mill's Mill by
Norman and Arlean Childs written in 2010.
The following is a typed copy of
the Diary of Jacob Guy, years 1818, 1819, 1820. The
typist did not change the original manuscript in the
typing of it. It remains in its true form including
spelling, sentence structure and punctuation. It was
typed by Arlean Lenhart Childs from the original copy
typed by Alice Mae Salmon Childs, mother-in-law of
Arlean in the early 1950s. Arlean typed this into her
computer during January and February of 2010. The
original diary of Jacob Guy can be found in the Crawford
County Historical Society, placed there by Alice Salmon
Childs Virtue in the 1950s.
The Diary appears to be an account
of his business transactions; very little is said in it
regarding his family.
Guys Diary of 1818
1818 Snow in the morning, 10 inches in all. Evening
quite cold. Mr. H. brought home little boy. A. Fuller
all day at Carpenters. D & C went to Wyman and Wyman
came back with them. A. Kelly called here in morning.
January 12, 1818 Morning
and day very cold, clear, snow 10 inches. Started in
morning for Meadville. Went to Malthropes on foot.
Rode with him to town Dined at Gibsons attended to
several small matters lodged at Gibsons. Mercury 6
degrees below 0 in morning.
January 13, 1818 Morning
quite cold but not to cold. Arranged my business
with Blakely to give him 125 acres my undivided land
of NO 150 8th District in line of 200 acres
of Co Deed to be made when they sum the deficiency of
the land given in exchange and not before. Day
January 14, 1818 Attended
to several matters at the stores. Collected $4.75 cents
of Fulter and $4.00 of Mrs. Conrad.
January 15, 1818, Thursday
joined the Library Society gave $5. Bought box
chocolate, nails of Morgan 10 bottles brandy of C.
Waid and returned home with W & A Johnson to his house
and stay all night.
January 16, 1818, Friday
took breakfast with A. Johnson. He furnished me with
horse to come home and boy to take back horse. Brought
three axes from town for Carpenter. Mr. Hawson and Mead
took away all their wheat and some straw. Settled with
them all matters. Let A. Johnson have 3# chocolate.
During my absence Carpenter hauling rails. Mr. Moore
cutting wood and doing chores put tongue and reach in
sled Halled 141 Malhimmer. Waid 607. Mr. Dickson
while I was absent employed choping on his own land.
Weather clowdy in morning. Snow fell in night.
Saturday, January 17, 1818
Sharp cold air with frost. Signs of rain- day clear and
warm, southwind Mr. Moore and I cleaned the barn floor
and threashed. Robert hauled 154 rails added to the
preceding 609. Dickson repaired his shay. I ground new
axe. Carpenters men ground axes. Robert broke
Carpenters single tree.
Sunday, January 18, 1818
rained commenced about 2:00 oc. Morning. Day cloudy and
somewhat windy and continued to thaw. James W with
Carpenter took away all the straw I had in our barn with
my horses and sled. Mr. Jones took my book, Parnell
poems. Campbell got home with horses in evening.
Monday, January 19, 1818
Morning rainy. Robert making Whippletree after
breakfast. Mr. Moore and Robert threshing. Evening
cleaning wheat with new machine. Mr. Dickson making
machine for fanning wheat James sent bag by W. Waid.
Carpenter grinding axes (broken one axe). Frequent
heavy showers during the day and foggy. Snow nearly
Tuesday, January 20, 1818
Morning, all hands cleaning wheat. Mr. D. making saddle
out of sheep skin. James here put up his wheat in bag
to go to mill. We cleaned about 18 or 19 bushels
Carpenter got 400 ct hay got Rattleweed for horse. D.
chopping on own land after 10 A.M. Mr. Moore and
Carpenter threshing from 10 A.M. till night. Weather
cooler and somewhat clowdy.
Wednesday, January 21, 1818
Weather morning clowdy and signs of rain. Afternoon
and evening clear, warm, pleasant. Mr. Moore and
Campbel threshing till sun one hour high. Emmery
measured and surveyed off 40 acres of Mr. Carpenter 75
P. South 86 East and West. Mr. Carpenter cut in foot
came and borrowed wash tub. Mr. Dickson chopped on
Thursday, January 22, 1818
Morning warm, clowdy, south wind. Clear at noon.
Evening grew cold, but very little snow. Robert
Campbell went to mill with about 11 bushel of wheat, but
did not get it ground. Mr. Moore and myself cleaned
about 22 bushel wheat Mr. Dickson finished Riddle (?)
and worked on his own land. Had D. Sleigh to go to
mill. James W. Lachlin came here about 2 oc after short
stay went to Wymans (Mr. Jones ground many tools. Shot
a partridge with rifle.)
Friday, January 23, 1818
Morning cold, moderate in evening. Clowdy, prospect of
snow. R. Campbell went to mill carried about 12 bushel
wheat and brought home the flour of what was at mill say
400. W. Laughlin and Mr. Moore threshing. Self got
some broomsticks. Solomon Lord T. Lords cross cut saw
which was taken from here by Archibald Luart, says his
2000 rails are done will make enough more to pay for (?)
½ bushel salt Mr. Dickson chopping on own land.
Robert brought home box of chocolates from A. Johnson.
Saturday, January 24, 1818
Morning sprinkling rain, day cloudy. W. Laughlin and
Moore threshing. Robert Campbell quit in the morning.
James took away his flour. Mr. Dickson working on the
Sunday, January 25, 1818
Weather pleasant. Went to Cap. Walthrops in morning
with W. returning in evening with Wyman. Dick and W.
went to Wymans and stay all night.
Monday, January 26, 1818
Morning rainy, Moore and W. cleaning wheat about 25
bushel. Settled accounts with James, allowed Halls
order for $7.82 and paid $3.00 which he charged Mr.
Moore for washing which balanced all book accounts. Let
Mr. Carpenter have 7 # sugar and 1 quart salt. Mr. D.
went with J. to haul hoop timber. Afternoon snow fell
about 1 in.
Tues January 27, 1818
Weather moderate. Afternoon snow fell about 2 or 3 in.
Moore and W. Laughlin finished threshing fall wheat 15.
Wyman in about settlement and interest. Sent twelve
bushel wheat to mill by Carpenter who went after hay
and got none wheat not ground. Sent 3 small bags for
bran. James brot home old bag belonging to Don. (James
says he will not take remaining 100 acres off 1458)
George Moore and Mr. Moore went to Wymans Mr. Campbell
came from Walthrops took supper with us and went to
Wymans Carpenter had 33 3/6 lb pork had pay for oxen
at night. D. repairing sleighs and chopping on own.
Wednesday 28th January 1818
Weather cloudy and moderate went to see George Moore
east end of 1458 and west end 1458 at $3. per acre for
1458 and 1453 at $4. acre George chose 1453 to give
amount within 2 weeks. Give Robert order on C.
Clark for $7.50 goods and order on C. Walthrope for cash
$2.50 Agreed with Leonord Hall to make rails at 50 cts
per hundred, board him, to pay him out of Clarks store.
Mr. Moore chopping wood. Self fell into the brook.
Afternoon clear and cold. Carpenter got small load
Thursday 29th Jan
1818 cold and squalls of snow. Mr. Moore Self
cleaned about 13 bushel wheat Afternoon Moore chopped
wood at the door. Mr. Carpenter got 6 # chocolate Mr.
Dickson started to go to Annas for good took Mary to
Bloomfield sent Fanny some small presents by Mary.
Friday Jan. 30th
1818 Morning very cold. Mr. Shannon after breakfast
took my appointment and went and give E Carpenter an
order in favor of EH on Walthroup for $5.50 and one on
H. Hunt for $5.50 and the other to be returned.
Carpenter going to Brawleys to buy hay and oats. Mr.
Moore doing chores, broke axe, to tired to grind. Mr.
Carpenter returned the order on Mr. Hunt. James again
agrees to take the balance of 1458 and has sold or
bargained the same away to Robert Campbell for $3.50 per
acre. James had 3# chocolate.
Saturday 31st Jan.
1818 Day cold. Mr. Moore chopping wood at door.
Self filing and arranging papers. Carpenter went to
Hugh Brawleys and got 400 Hay and 7 ½ bu. Oats. Went
Mead for trunk found nobody home fell off the load
of hay into the brook.
Sunday Feb. 1st
1818 Cold Mr. Moore chopping wood at door. Self
filing and arranging papers. Sign of rain in evening.
Carpenter went to Melthorps to get boots and left mine.
Wallhimmer, E Hunt and Mr. Owen called. Robert Campbell
in evening got pair taps.
Monday Feb. 2nd 1818
Morning dandy day pleasant. Went to Meadville
with Carpenter he carried about 4 ½ bu. Wheat to
mill. C. got 1 hog from Wm and J. Carter wt. 180 # at 7
cts. 1 ditto wt. 132 # at 6 cts. Got goods of C-store
$10.87 Came home in the evening. Broke tongue and
roler out of sled near the old shanty this side of
Malthorp sugar camp. Came on over the top of hill and
left sled and hogs to take care of themselves, reached
home 9 oc. Took book from Library, Stewart Philosophy
of the human mind Left with Mr. Reynolds treasurers
deed for 400 acres land in Beaver Township in name of
Samuel McKay. Tax having been previous paid by
Huidekoper to get money from commissioners $15.39 Als
deed for 1687 redeemed by J. Hamilton $11. 52 also deed
for 300 acres in Venango name of Neil Dough city $15.00,
also note of Abraham about $85.00 to collect $50. had
$6.00 cash of Mr. Reynolds. Paid Foster due on pork.
Bought barrel salt of C. Clark $10. Paid for goods
$4.75 Carried two barrels potash to C. Clark wt. about
900# for storage. Hall began to cut rail timber this
day. Mrs. Wyman here.
Tues. Feb. 3rd 1818
A very extraordinary snow storm from north east.
Commenced about sunrise and cont till about 12 at
night. Fell in all 28 in. this has far exceeded
anything known since the settlement of this country.
Mr. Carpenter brot home sled in the morning with the
salt had 66 # salt I had the load of 36# flour in pillow
case. Mr. Moore doing chores and making bobsled for
Father. Mr. Shannon came for potatoes and straw.
Campbell and Cutshall began to thresh for James but was
driven off by storm. Hall chopped rail fence timber in
forenoon. Wm Macthorpe took my load of buckets from
James Lachlin and returned from French Creek. Hall went
off after dinner and did not return.
Wednesday Feb. 4 1818 Day
fair and somewhat cold. Thawed a little on the south
side of the house. W. Lachlin and Moore went hunting in
the morning but soon returned on account of the great
depth of snow. W & M making tongue and roller for
sled. Snowed in the evening. Carpenter bargained to
hall wood for potash
Thursday 5th Feb.
1818 W. Lachlin went hunting followed a deer but
killed none. Snow in the morning. Day cold and
cloudy. Carpenter hauled wood to potash. Wm Radle
broke road to Stewarts Self reading.
Friday 6th Feb. 1818
Weather clear and cold. Evening cloudy. Some part
of the day shoveling away snow, a thing which I have not
been under the necessity of doing for four years. W.
Lachlin and Moore breaking road to C. Walthroup with
oxen and horses. Robert Campbell threashing James
wheat. Carpenter hauling wood to potash. Brot
Carpenters boots and mine from kitchen.
Saturday 7th Feb.
1818 Morning clear and cold, squalls of snow. All
hands getting wood. Carpenter hauling wood for potash.
Campbell threshing James wheat.
Sunday 8th Feb. 1818
Morning cloudy and snowy wind south and S/W
changed about 9 oc to N/W and blew cold with squalls of
snow James Campbell haulded away a load of straw on
our sled. More snow and rough cold weather than ever
before to the first settlement in the country. Read
The trial of Hodge of the Island as for told for
understanding his slaves and lent the book to Carpenter.
Monday Feb 9th 1818
Morning extreme cold. Went into the woods to make
road to rails. Sweat with fatigue and almost froze my
feet. W.L. hunting shot at two deer and killed none.
Mr. Moore broke his axe on account the wood very hard
froze. Carpenter went to mill with sled. His oxen and
mine brot home two bags of flour belonging to me. Lent
107# flour and boy to carry it home. James cleaned up
Friday Feb. 10th
1818 Extreme cold, air clear. Very little done this
day. Moore doing small things, choped some wood at
door. W. made axe handle. Carpenter hauled wood to
potash. Self reading Philosophy of the human mind. W.
hunting shot a deer thru the ear but did not kill. R.C.
took away what wheat James had on floor. This night
clear and extremely cold and penetrating. Carpenter
hauled wood to potash.
Wednesday Feb 11 1818
Morning coldest that has yet been felt this winter,
perhaps for many years 24 below zero. Carpenters men
quit work on account of the cold. Broke all his axes.
Some signs of change in the weather M. Laughlin went
away after breakfast. All hands breaking road to rails
in the afternoon. Haules 33. Self went hunting, found
nothing, lost powder horn.
Thursday Feb. 12 1818
Weather rather more mild. H. Laughlin hauled 342
rails off Wallhammers. Emilina found hen after 10 days
abandoned in the snow, sound and in good health. Found
powder horn. Carpenter hauling wood to potash.
Friday Feb. 13, 1818
Morning severe and very sharp air Sign of a thaw.
Carpenter took his chain an borrowed bag brought home
the potatoes I bought of Mead about 10 bu. From lower
end of field some snow in the afternoon Carpenter
got hay and oats from Brawleys. C. finished chopping
wood at Potash. Hauled 208 rails of Wallhimmer
Carpenter here in evening and agreed with me to pay Hall
$2.25 . he left his load of hay in the spring run. Did
not freeze last night.
Sat. 14 Feb. 1818 Carpenter
had my oxen in the morning to help home with his
hay gave Hall an order on Clarks store for $8.25 $2.50
was charged to Carpenter $2.75 to Moore.50 loaned him
and charged him the balance $2.50 James W. Lacklin
killed a deer about 60 rod from the house brousing
morning warm and some snow falling rain about the
middle of the day wind shifted to N/W about middle of
afternoon attended with a violent squall of snow, which
continued till after dark got some bark of the dogwood
for medicine. W. hunting till near night ground broken
axe. Gave Capt nearly 1 fore quarter venison Mr.
Moore cut some wood. Mr. Jones ground axes. Searched
for more rails but found none.
Sun. 15th Feb 1818
Colder, cloudy. James here got piece of venison.
Estimation of the timber for mill, expenses for building
Mill Dam $700. Without shingling. He agrees if built to
pay half the expenses back to me. A letter from Thorp
Barney dated the 23rd day of Feb 1818 in
which he asks the following questions. How much land
sold answered by particular statement of all sold by
Self and exchange
Monday Feb 16th
1818 Weather clear and cold. W. Laughlin and self
worked about sawmill in forenoon. Moore getting wood.
Carpenter logging. Circle around the moon bright like
Tues. Feb 17th 1818
Morning cold Day comfortable Snow evening.
Exchanged with Mr. Jones 18# flour for 18# seed corn.
W. chopped wood at door. Cut large birch tree for
hauling. Marked division of the 40 acre piece belonging
to Carpenters job. Agreed to take the big cherry cut
by Carpenter 48ft. long off the ground to have it. Mr.
Hill came here to buy some sugar for Alex Johnson but
got none. Mr. Moore to hall the (?) he make over 500 as
we have this day agreed. Carpenter informed me he had 2
summons served on him.
Wed Feb 18, 1818 Morning
more mild. Clouds look like rain. Making out and
arranging papers to carry to town. W.L. & Moore hauling
wood. Hugh Brawley came here about 12 oc and took away
razor and can. Gilson surveying. An order on Mrs
Rickard for box containing Warners clothes, for which he
is to receipt, on Warners order and leave with Mrs.
Rickard Asked me if I was to pay for the hay and oats
Carpenter had bought of him answer in the affirmative
Went with him to Capt Malthroup found him sick a bed.
Found Ward Barney there and gave him account of Jane
Black for $2.10. Gave Mr. Peck to hand over to Capt
Malthroupe a subscription paper, signed by himself.
Sackett, Mr. Ferton and others for the use of the road.
Gave Ward Barney 2 receipts for D-Tax. W C. Wagner
before night and went to Wymans
Thurs 19th Feb. 1818
Sharp air day pleasant. All men splitting and
piling wood at door. Laughlin went hunting afternoon.
Sign of rain.
Fri. 20th Feb. 1818
Morning cloudy squalls snow and wind, tolerable
warm evening looks like rain. McLaughlin came by with
lame hand Self chopping wood in woods. Moore hauling
all day Wallhammer says he does not know how many
rails he cut and made and will make up deficiency as
soon as the weather will permit.
Sat. Feb. 21 1818 Morning
warm and some cloudy. Mr. Moore chopping at door. McL
lame hand. Carpenter hauling timber for ash with my
oxen afternoon went with Carpenter to J. Brawleys Esq.
To make bargain between him? Action not made out. Grew
cool in the evening Mr. Moore chopped wood at the
door. Mrs. C & F agreed to pay my order in town to
Brawley. Dick took no judgement to Carpenter.
Sun. Feb. 22 1818 Snow
fallen in the night about 3 inches. Morning cloudy Wm
Barney W. Cracken A. Johnson James Brawley Alec
Stewart Carpenter here made some inquiries about
Monday Feb. 23rd
1818 Morning clear and cold. Went to Meadville.
M.L.W. Barney and Gardner W. Cracken. Dol of Col. Bean
collected of Higley and by W. Cracken took his receipt
for the Col. Bean charged 5 per cent for collection.
Book to Library. Team stayed all night at W. Stayed
all night at Gibsons Mr. Moore did small jobs about
Tues. 24th Feb. 1818
Got Reynolds and Lord oxen to haul kettle up from
potash loaded and W.L. started with it about noon got
same night safe. W. Cracken exchanged about $15.
Thorps B. money for which he paid premium of $3.70 I
paid W. Cracken for Carpenters due bill $2.00 sent T.B.
by him long letter stateing many particulars. W.
Cracken started for home. Paid J & J. D. the amount of
their account as per Rep. $9.36 W. Cracken returned
this morning. Working for self.
Wed. 25 Feb. 1818 Saw Samuel
B. Foster about 1496 says he is not employed as attorney
I was kept up in consequence of Ball at Gibsons
all night. I did not attend it. Bought 1 barrell flour
$5. Conversed with W. Calmount about Dr. Adams claim,
says he thinks there will be nothing done about it.
McLaughlin helped W. Dickson out of woods with team.
Thurs. Feb 1818 Weather
clear and cold got $20. of W. Reynolds paid Betts his
amount $8.87 Paid C Clark $7. borrowed of him pay for
flour Paid James Brawley $5.50 on account of Carpenter
and took up my order. Paid bills $7. Paid W. Collum
$2.50 for ½ gal. Brandy .37 cents for books. Paid
Collum for almanack. Came home to Alexander Johnson,
stay with him all nite. Andrew Workes funereal 2 oc
this day. Called on Field for cash this day and got
none, lent Carpenter 28# flour Dickson working for
self. W. Lacklin chopping wood at door Mr. Moore
Fri. Feb 27 1818 Day warm
south wind. Left Alexander Johnson in morning. James
W. & Warner Waid cleaning up wheat for self. A. Johnson
and Hickock and called at Capt Walthrops found him
getting better. Carpenter caught Turkey in pen.
Sat Feb. 28 1818 Morning
and day warm and pleasant. W. L. and self went to
Brawleys and got 20 chestnut boards about 15 ft long and
20 Hemlock about 13 or 14 ft . Mr. Moore unwell doing
small things about house. W. young Dutchman came here
and wished to compromise about 1496 told him I would
give him one hundred dollars payable at some future
day. He went to Meadville and agreed to return on
Monday morn, Dickson, Wyman and Carpenter went to
Meadville with horses and Dickson sleigh-got my
cooler-Leach Boards and iron hoops and barrel flour for
Carpenter-Broke sleigh, left load at ? got home about 9
oc evening. W.C. went home with Wyman. Agreed with W.L.
to build M-roof and all for $220. Carried cow hide to ?
Sun. Feb. 29 1818 Day
constant rain. W.L. returned in morning. Carpenter got
home load in morning. Dickson went to Wymans. Self
reading philosophy D. returned before dinner.
Rained after night.
9th March 1818
Beautiful day. Moore went to mill carried 12 bushel
wheat and brot back 400 flour out of 26 bushel he had
left before. Recorded as follows: Ground 1 bu
flour weighed 37 Ό which would leave due me on the 26
bushel 1334 H. out of which deduct 397 by Carpenter and
Moore leaves 937 from which deduct 400. My due 537
which Capt. Walthrop gave his word should be sent out to
my house Hotchkiss acknowledged he had taken for
himself 117# and let Johnson have 68# - brought home for
Wyman flour and bran of 5 bushel wheat and a kettle for
Carpenter brot to mill by Mr. Weller letter with Capt
Walthorp and balanced accounts W. Lachlin getting and
hewing timber for mill endorsed Capt Walthorps note in
bank for $150 and borrowed $50 gave order in favor of
Campbell to A. Johnson for $3. Rickard left with Capt.
10th March 1818 Mr. Moore distributing sap buckets and hauling down
kettles and troughs Self went to mill and got flour of
the wheat left yesterday brought from Capt. Walthrops
a large kettle for Wyman got all my bags from mill
Mr. Dickson and wife returned about noon from
Bloomfield. M. Lachlin getting timber for mill
Weather clear and warm. Thomas McFadden moved onto the
Public lot North of Mr. Radle.
11th March 1818
Morning and day warm and beautiful. Snow reduced to
about 6 in. in clear land 5 or 10 in. in woods. Mr.
Moore and Wyman tapped all our trees but 29. Self
prepared timber for roof of house and helped Campbell
haul Wymans logs. Carpenter went after hay, got none
brought home his flour from mill. W.L. getting lumber
March 1818 Day warm and beautiful. James had my
oxen to haul down trough in the morning Carpenter had
oxen to haul load of ashes Mr. Barney came in the
afternoon and tarried all night. Self in evening read,
La Waumes Campaign in Russia.
13th March 1818
warm day, fine M.L. & Dickson working at house
frameing rafters Self getting some timber from woods.
Carpenter had my oxen to haul load of ashes. Ward
Barney left this morning. Mr. Moore at sugar camp.
Self mending shoes. Hunts cow got in our yard and come
near dying. Carpenter had some bundles of rye straw.
14th March 1818
Morning very warm and rainy. At 8 A.M. wind shifted to
N/W and grew something cooler. Snow nearly gone. Grass
begins to look green. Mr. Moore sugared off 23# for the
first. Carpenter had my oxen to haul 2 loads of ashes.
I got home 7 bushel potatoes from the hole. Mr. D.
making lasts for self before dinner. M.L. making pins
and working at house forenoon Afternoon Mr. D and W.L.
putting rafters on house, two of Carpenters men helped
to raise them.
15th March 1818
Dickson and Wyman went to town to get cloth for
16th March 1818
Wind cold, day clear. Self laying up rail fence. Mr.
Moore went to mill and got 300 ft. of wide and narrow
boards. Carpenter had horses to bring load of hay from
Hugh Brawley W.L. hauling mill-timber Dickson for
17th March 1818
Cold wind. M.L. getting out mill timber. Dickson
working for self. Self making fence. Mr. Moore at
sugar camp forenoon. William Waid came home three young
men came with him. Recd line from Ward Barney. James
called with keg wiskey. Borrowed of him 1 qt.
Carpenter had horses to go to Hugh Brawleys for hay.
Mr. Jones and son been grinding. Brot home store
hammer. Cutshall boys home for settlement.
18th March 1818
Wind cold, day clear and pleasant. Went in
morning and showed the young men from N.Y. State Ward
Barneys land. They were much pleased with it. M.L.
getting out timber. Mr. Moore at sugar camp. Waid
resting. Dickson working for self. Self at fence.
Carpenter had my oxen to haul ashes.
19th March 1818
Day fine. Williams began to put fence around east end
of Hog pasture. Afternoon hauled 3 load rails to the
field with oxen and another load making 125 Mr. Moore
working at sugar camp. Mr. Hall began to split rails
257. W.L. hauling mill timber. Mr. Dickson for self,
but little sap as yet. Capt. Walthrop here wished to go
to election tomorrow to vote for L. Lord supervisor
went to Wymans and Waids. Wyman and Campbell came with
sleigh and took away wheat somewhat afflicted with
20th March 1818
Weather somewhat cloudy, south wind and warm. W.L. went
to town, sent order on Douglop for 2 pr. Thick shoes and
in case that failed another on C. Clark for 2 pr. One or
the other to be returned. W. hauled one load of rails
from hog pasture and one from woods. Carpenters ox
failed. Had our oxen and horses to haul load of ashes
in evening. Hall split 250 rails. Self made fence
north east end of Hog pasture. Sap run tolerably well
in afternoon. Mr. Dickson worked for self. Township
election held this day. L. Lord run for Supervisor.
Ward Barney for constable I gave W. Lacklin an order
on Hunt for $3. cash to pay C. Clark for Timothy seed at
75 cents bushel to be left till I can send for the
same. W. Lachlin returned from Meadville about 10 oc.
Evening and brot 2 pair shoes for Carpenter $4.50 left
$3. with Clark for grass seed. Touch of Rheumatism.
Lord elected Supervisor.
21st March 1818
Wind from South. Carpenter to draw 2 load ashes. Took
my boots to Mr. Noble to tap and cap them. L. & Waid
went to woods Got plough handle in forenoon. W.L.
went to Noble in afternoon to get his boots fixed, did
not succeed brought home mine done just at night.
Waid and self did something to plough. Mr. Moore
working at sugar camp gathered 100 buckets of sap.
Dickson working at sugar for self. Carpenter went out
in afternoon to buy yoke of oxen. Rain in afternoon.
Rheumatism continued. Mr. Moore at sugar camp all
22 March 1818 Day cloudy
and thawing. Dickson boiling sap for self. Mr. Moore
boiling sap. Sow dead this morning. Rheumitism
somewhat violent in right arm, right leg and various
places. Carpenter not returned. W.L. & Waid went to
Mr. Jones and found him making off sugar. Mr. Jones to
hold a meeting at his house next Sun. Hunt, Owen and
Austin went to Hunts farm at Woodcock. Dickson at sugar
camp evening Mr. Moore at camp all night.
23rd March 1818
Cloudy, some showers and snow. W.M.L making plough
Waid hauling rails Dickson at sugar camp Mr. Moore
making sugar Self doing small chores, afternoon cut
large white oak got off piece for Mouldboard for plough,
Rheumatism in night. Had Carpenters sled and haulded
120 rails Carpenter not returned.
24th March 1818
Day fine great sap day gathered 111 buckets. Self
tapped more trees in forenoon. Self boiling with small
pots and pans in the house. Dickson making sugar for
self sugared off about 10#. Waid hauling rails (107)
Hall splitting rails (300) Carpenter got home in
forenoon with yoke of oxen which he bought of Adams
Bradford for which I signed a note with him payable the
first of July for $75.00 Hall says he has made 1150 on
the West hill. Emiline assisting Mr. Moore at sugar
camp. W. H. hewing mill timber set out two trees
north the house in hog pasture. One hickory in junction
of two springs.
25th March 1818
Morning fine and warm cloudy in evening. Rained in the
night. W. hauled 140 rails off Halls chopping and
splitting. Hall splitting rails on hill north of
house. (300) M.L. hewing mill timber. Mr. Moore
working at sugar camps. Carpenter clearing, worked
together old and new ox, proved good. Dickson and wife
making sugar for themselves. Mrs. Guy made of some
sugar about 5# of a very superior quality and boiled
more sap collected from near house. James brot small
jug whiskey to Moore Camp and stayed there till it was
all drinked up. Rheumatism bad unusal up in night.
Waid went to Hickocks got shoes on horse. Mrs. Guy
sugared off. M.L. working at plough. Hall resting on
account of rain. Carpenters 2 hands. Austin and Owen
threashing part of the day spring wheat for seed (12 doz)
Carpenter went to Brawleys for rye got none) got some at
Radles on account of Alex Johnson. I brot home hammer
and pinchers from Cps. He had my oxen to haul one load
of ashes. Dickson worked at sugar camp for self. Mr.
Moore at sugar camp brought up one full pail syrup.
Friday 27, March 1818 Snow
fell 3 or 4 in. in the course of the day. Williams
hauled 121 rails of Halls Mr. Moore brought 117# sugar
(sugared off this day) Mrs. Guy sugared off 15# from
syrup brot up by Mr. Moore yesterday. A little superior
quality made at home. W.L. finished the plough.
Dickson working at sugar camp for self, and cut his
toe. Austin and Owen two of Carpenters men threashing
spring wheat in the forenoon. D Carpenter and Hunt
cleaned out big leach. Self fixed place in barn for
Sat. March 28th 1818
Morning cold and cloudy. Carpenter gone to town
with horse, give him an order for $5. give order on C.
Clark for 1 pair thick shoes for Mr. Moore. Mr. Moore
at sugar camp. W.L. halling rails put Dicksons mare
into the team. James here in the morning got his hoe,
hammer and awl. (rheumatism in back badly) W. L.
hewing timber. W. halling rails off Halls Moore at
Sun. March 29th 1818
Morning cloudy with squalls of snow. At noon clear
and pleasant. Sap started. Carpenter returned in
morning after having performed Tom Fools Errand and brot
the old Capt. Home again, not a welcome sight Mr. Joe
Jones this day commenced holding forth in a public way
at his own house about 30 persons it is said attended.
Assistants Capt. Dewey and Andrew McFadden. M.L. and
Waid went to Warner. James and wife came here in
evening and stayed till 9 oc.
Mon. 30th March 1818
Morning rain, turned to squalls of snow cleared
before noon for very short time. Sap run tolerable
well. M.L. went off in morning. Braymer came here to
work about 10 oc A.M. Got him at laying up rail fence on
the East end of improvement horse helped Carpenter
hall up one load ashes in morning and in evening
Carpenter killed his pig had barrel to scald it in.
Mr. Moore brot home 41# burnt sugar gathered and
boiled 18 pail full in house. M.L. came home at noon
then absent till night (a little cocked) squalls of
rain, snow and hail with high wind continued thru the
night. W. halling old rails to east end of
improvement. Dickson working for self. Mr. Moore came
home about ½ after nine in good spirits James came
from Walthroups with full keg on back.
Tues 31st March 1818
Day clear and wind cold. Sap run well in afternoon.
Braymer laying up fence East end and North east corner
to swamp. W. hauling rails. Mr. Moore at sugar camp
Hall splitting rails 250 Dickson making sugar for self.
April 1st Wednesday
1818 Weather clear and warm signs of rain. Forenoon
Braymer laying up rail fence north side of improvement
Sugared off in the house 18# sugar out of Mr. Moore's
syrup. 7# we made in house. Mr. M.L. hewing mill
timber. Hall making rails, finishes what he says will
make (1900) in all Waid hauled 207 rails of Halls
make. Dickson and W making sugar for self. Carpenter
logging, made the largest heap on the job. Daniel Hunt
quit Carpenter this morning.
April 2nd Thurs. 1818
Morning rainy till 8 oc day cloudy and warm Braymer
after rain laying fence on north side improvement.
Afternoon west end Waid hauling rails (110) off Halls
(30) off Wallhimmers. Mr. Moore at Sugar Camp, sap run
all night. Sugared off in the house 23 1/4 # dry sugar
of Mr. Moores syrup. Hall quit and went off this
April 3rd. Fri. 1818
Cloudy and misty. Sugared off 15# Mr. Moore's. W.L.
split 403 rails old timber. Braymer and self finished
fence. M.L. hewing. Door broken open & ? eat Shannon's
April 10th Fri. 1818
Day clear and beautiful. M.L. hewing mill timber
Moore hauling rails Mr. Dickson working at N. house.
James sewing spring wheat. Carpenters men threshed
spring wheat afternoon. Offered E. H. $15 per month for
7 mon. $75. cash when time out, clothing if wanted. He
wanted all money except what wanted for clothing. Waid
sick or unwell did not work. D.H. brot his oxen to
Carpenters, making sled. James harrowing in spring
wheat with my harrow. Old gentleman has appeared to be
probably deranged for 3 or 4 days.
April Sat. 11th 1818
Weather clear and warm. Carpenter with Austin, Owen
and Eben. Hunt laying fence for me. Waid went to Mr. C
and got 2 bus. Timothy seeds ½ bu due. Sap run Moore
gathered 60 buckets. Dickson and m. l. working at new
house. Eben. Hunt agreed to work for me 7 months at
$15. mon. Time commenced Apr. 6th.
Carpenter to pay 6th to this day. James has
my harrow this day. Daniel Hunt helped 1 or 2 hr.
toward evening and Eben helped him grind his axe. A.
Austin here to buy spring wheat about noon. I promised
him 3 bushels, coming to thresh next Wed.
April 12, Sun. 1818 Wind at
N/W and cool. Mr. Chase preached at Capt. Walthroups
Sap run some. Dickson at Camp. Mat C. Eben Hunt taking
care of cow. Give Eben Hunt $3. to Mr. Radle for
working. Susan came home from Wm.
April 13th 1818
Weather clear and windy. Cleaned up about 8 bu. Spring
wheat. M.L. and Dickson working at house shingling.
Mr. Moore at S.C. brought syrup enough to make 8 gal.
molasses. R. Campbell finished sewing spring wheat. W.
cut big cherry and split 43 rails. Sap run forenoon,
James sent keg for whisky by Hunt. James brot Susan
little pail sugar.
April 14th Tues,
1818 Weather clear and warm south wind. Grew hasey
toward evening signs of rain. small shower in the
night. W.L. finished splitting rails of cherry about
middle of afternoon (160) Mr. Moore boiling sap.
Brought 2 buckets syrup. W.L. hewing mill timber. James
came home with keg whiskey set out 6 elm trees. 1 in
hog pasture, 1 on point 1 by cellar 2 on flat by the
creek and a great row of willows and poplars near the
creek. Mr. Dickson forenoon at house, rails ran out.
Killed snake 1st I have seen.
April 15th Wed. 1818
Weather Sun more clear and very red. Wind from the
south. Flowers begin to blossom. Carpenter had oxen to
haul load ashes in the morning. Woman boiling
molasses. Old sow presented us with nine pigs this
morning. M.L. hewing. Mr. Dickson working for self.
Mr. Austin threashed my spring wheat. Cleaned up 4 or 5
bu. Spring wheat. D. Hunt left bag here for Capt.
Walthroupe if he calls for it. W. hauling rails, making
post holes. Heavy rain commenced about 2 oc p.m. and
continued until ½ after 4 oc. Mr. Hunt called here on
his way from town and talked of Spanish War. Carpenter
got straw had oxen to haul it.
Thurs. 16th April
1818 Morning cloudy and windy. Afternoon clear
evening cool. Mr. Moore and L. hauling cherry rails and
finishing fence, afternoon got 12 rails and made bars at
west end of house. Mr. Dixn for self. M.L. went to
French Creek. Finished cleaning Spring wheat about 4 ½
bu. Mr. Jones grinding. Sat out an Elm at end of
potash. Sowed some grass seed in hog pasture. D. Hunt
came in evening to stay. Planted out some butternut
scions on bottom by the creek at the west end of
improvement and planted one in ground near cellar.
Fri. 17th April 1818
Morning cloudy and cool. Hail and rain, some large
flakes snow mingled with rain, rain in afternoon. W.M.
made bars by Carpenters house in the morning. Finished
the fence all around the field, hog pasture did. Began
and ploughed the garden in part, Dixon working for
self. Had Carpenters oxen to plough about an hour.
Hogs got to Wms potatoes. He clogged them and came up
and quarreled and made use of abusive language. D.H.
moved out to his own place this day. Had my horses sled
and short chain. W. went to inform Wyman that hogs had
found his potatoes and I watched them while gone and
laid logs over them to keep them off. Men are to apt to
render evil for good. Ingratitude is a sin that carries
with it a severe sting and is pecularily adapted to damp
and discourage from doing acts of kindness Turned out
this morning from field C. horse Wm mare and colt C.
oxen Wms. Cow Dixn horse and mare C. cow and my
Sat. 18th April 1818
Morning snow perhaps 3 inches with wind from N/W
but little storm A.M. W. got cow. Made axe handle. Mr.
Moore wetting leach tub. Things look rather gloomy no
oats. but little corn cattle and horses rather
hungry!! Faces rather long. All helps to fill up the
miserable span of man Oh! Thou Flatterer Hope, placed
in the Breast of man, by the wisdom of Diety to
incourage him on thru the thorny path of life, without
which we would inevitably fall into the abyss of despair
it is still persueing a fathom, grasps at a shadow,
anticipating joys which we shall never realize (for what
purpose was man formed?) God knows man is short
sighted. God is wise! Waid went off at noon with
Alexander Johnson to buy cow, returned in evening
brought Mr. Dixn likewise went to Brawleys returned
evening. Mr. Moore fixed place to put out calf. Alex.
Johnson wishes to sell me two cows, presented me the
dubill James sold him and requested payment. James W.
Lachlin returned from French Creek in the evening.
Carpenter threashed a doz. Wheat and took the straw.
Continued snowing thru night, fell 4 inches. cold
gave Hall an order on Capt Walthroupe for 3 dollars to
pay for 10 bu. potatoes.
Sun. 19th April 1818
Morning cold and somewhat frozen, squalls of snow
thru the day (weather remarkably cold and stormy for the
season) The buds on the trees scarcely begin to swell
W.M. gone to Malthropes. M & W gone out. Dixn absent
self reading Philosopual works Keeping for cattle
Mon. 20th April 1818
Morning snow and cold lookes like Dec. Eben.
Hunt began to work here Dixn broke axe, M.L. borrowed
cross cut saw. Mr. Cutshall to saw timber for cogs. I
went to Alex Johnsons carried 6 bags, among which were I
big one of Mr. Dickson, 2 Carpenters paid 13 dollars
on Wm Waid account. The bags he is to send to town to
get grain. Settled with Mr. Moore his whole account.
Previous to this date found to be $109.47
Gave an order on H. Hunt -----10.00
Gave an order on C. Clark -----10.00
order on Douglass 1 pr thick shoes
Mr. Dickson broke his axe, all the
steel off. Went up to Capt. Walthorpes with me for
another. W. L. sawing timber for cogs. Wm helped him.
E.H. threashing in the morning and helping to get
potatoes from Cutshall. 20 bushel of Hall by Carpenter.
An exlipse of the moon this eve. 7 pigs this morning 4
died at night.
Tues 21st April 1818
Morning still snowing, gloomy aspects, hard time for
cattle and melcolony times for men (the snow is 6in.
deep and yet squalls continue.) E.H. making and hauling
rails for garden fence. M.L. gone this morning to
French Creek Carpenter went to A. Johnson and got W.D.
cow. W. Dill not gone. Dixon working for self. Hugh
Brawley here and dined wanted money of Carpenter or me
on his account Carpenters men making leach tub.
Wed. 22 April 1818 Weather
cloudy some squalls snow. Haulling rails and stakes.
Splitting and hauling cogs for mill Carpenter gone to
town, to buy grain for cattle and pork for self and sent
by him to get 1 kitt 8 penny nails of McGaw. His men
tearing down arch, finishing leaches and hauling clay.
Rough, hail and chilly winds in the afternoon (no
prospect of warmer weather, bought E.H. calf $1.00 Wrote
to Barney to assist Carpenter to get some pork
threased some spring wheat in the morning. Wm Walthroupe
after potatoes to Wymans took away the sled boards
left here by Hunt.
Thurs. 23rd April
1818 Morning clear and beautiful, about 9 oc clouds
began to fly from N.W. and with cold wind some trifling
squalls of rough hail and snow. Thawed some and sap run
tolerable well. Carpenter returned from town got no
pork and but 5 b. Rye. Dixn and Wyman getting shingle
timber for D. dined here. W. went home. Carpenter and
Austin setting kettles. W. H. threashing spring wheat
10 doz. Helped me clean up 8 bus. In the morning.
Daniel Hunt borrowed my 2 in auger. Small sow had 8
pigs this morning 20 in all living cleaned up B. in
evening All hands called on to help Carpenter to get
cow out of creek which was effective after much hard
lifting by means of a fork set in the ground with a long
lever a bandage under belly.
Friday 24th April
1818 Morning very frosty, snow which acc. 2 in.
froze hard, air severe, sun rose clear and beautiful,
prospect of a fine day. good sugar weather. H. cow
died last night. Eben. Gone from 8 in morn. Till 11
A.M. went to skin cow. W. went home with ½ bu. Grass
seed to sow at 10 oc back at 12 oc Greatest run of sap
this season. Carpenter has what he makes. Dixn hauled
Sat. 25th April 1818
Morning clear and beautiful. South wind rose
about 8 A.M. a sprinkling of rain about 10 A.M. High
S/W wind D. Hunt brot back 2 in. auger. Sold him 64#
wheat and delivered 63# of James wheat out of big tub,
lent James 57# and delivered it to Hunt. Gathered 11
buckets sap near house ploughed ground, dug out some
stumps. Made pins to pin garden fence. Carpenter
gathered in 375 buckets sap. He sent Wm Owen to mill
got 2 bus. Rye and 70 # flour of Hotchkiss on acct. of
the deficiency of the wheat I sent to mill last winter.
Death of Mr. Miller by the fall of a tree yesterday, his
funeral today. "Man who is born of a woman cometh up
like a flower and is cut down" What is life but a
vapor, an empty shadow? rain in eve.
Sun. 26th April 1818 cloudy
and intermediate sun shone. Grass looks very
green-Sugar trees still running-Sugared off 71/1/2
pounds sugars of a superior quality. Dixon and W gone
to James B. Mr. Moore returned from town about sunset
E.H. went home and returned at evening-dug a
considerable quanity of the real wild onion for salad.
Monday 27th April 1818
Morning sun rose beautiful, wind blew up from N/W about
9 o'clock A.M. and blew cold thru the day. Making
garden fence with Mr. Moore in afternoon. Waid
ploughing before house, plowed 1/2 acre. E.H. chopping
brush. Middle afternoon went to mill and got meal of 3
B. Rye and brot home 1 M nails in saddle bags, engaged
Moore rye of Hotchkiss.
Tues 28th April 1818 Cold
N/W wind and some flying rough snow. Froze something
hard in the morning in 1/4 in of still water-sap yet
runs. Times look gloomy-Dxn gone to mill for boards got
220 ft near home and left them. Campbell and Austin
cleaned up the remainder of Wymans spring wheat.
Carpenter began to leach ashes - Mr. Moore and self
making garden fence. E.H. clearing mill yard W.
plowing before house - lent Austin short bag to carry
home spring wheat.
Wed. 29th April 1818 Cold
winds and clouds with flying snow. W. plowing E. Hunt
clearing mill yard. Mr. Moore making garden fence.
Self made soap in morning 12 buckets. Dixn at his own
affairs. Mr. Jones came here in the morning, requested
me to recommend him to Judge Moore as a man worthy of
credit. Lord Walthroup came in the evening and put up.
Thurs. 30th April 1818
Weather more mild, clear, sun shines warm. Lord
Walthroup started early before breakfast - sowed 2 Bu.
spring wheat south of the house. Washed in a solution
of nitre and alkili - afternoon all hands gone to
raising Dixn house - Mr. Moore working at barnyard
fence, in forenoon. W. Harrowing. house raised all but
putting on shingles. Had my oxen to haul part of H.
timer towards night - Jacob Cutshall says I must pay for
the plow and need not return it.
Friday 1st May 1818 Morning
a little rain and foggy. Warm and beautiful. Sun came
out about 8 A.M. - sowed 1 Bu. wheat south of the house
upon the bank. Steeped all nite in a solution of nitre
& alkili - sowed 1 Bu. washed in discolored alkili next
to house. w. harrowing. Mr. Moore doing chores and
making garden gate Sat 4 cherry trees in garden. E.H.
heaping brush. Carpenter went to town with horses and
Dixn wagon to get 3 bu. rye. Mrs. Dickson and Marietta
boiling sap, brot home 2 pails syrup and left 2 at
camp. trees still run some. The like of this was
perhaps never known at this season. Planted 35 plumb
stones and some peach in garden, planted some plumb
Sat. 2nd May 1818 Weather
cloudy and not so warm. Digging and preparing garden.
Planted some apple seeds and peach stone, planted 2 rows
currants on south side - 2 rows on east end and 1 on
north side of garden. Planted some ? of pears and some
small peach trees. W. finished harrowing wheat south of
house, ploughed and sowed old garden with wheat and
grass seed. Mr. Moore digging for onion beds.
Carpenter returned from town with the meal of 10 bu. rye
bought of Mr. Reynolds. he had 1/2 of it except 2 bu.
which he paid Alexander Johnson. Austin began to make
off salts about $1.00 Mr. Dixon making shingles for
self - found an old French axe, lying in the garden,
about 7 in. underground some particles of brass as large
as a bean attached to the surface of the axe. Mr. Moore
borrowed Mr. Cutshalls grubbing hoe. The wheat sowed in
the old garden ground not washed at all. A mist of rain
falling during the time it was sown. The cattle now
begin to live well in the woods. The oxen refuse to eat
rye meal and straw.
Sun 3rd May 1818 Morning
cloudy and rain, wind from N/W and cold began to snow
mingled with rain at 1/2 past 3:a.m. 9p.m. snowing
violently. James here and brought cucumber seed, and
got a few peas to plant in garden and some other garden
Mon 4th May 1818 8 a.m.
snow 8 in. deep. trees loaded, many saplings bowed down
to the ground. All the small trees have the appearance
of weeping willows, and well they may weep, for a
dreadful gloom has spread over the face of nature. Oh
the remarkable contrast between this day and the first
day of May, on that day every herb, and the grass of the
field began to assume a beautiful verdure and the
feathered tribe and the beast of the field began to
regain in the mild return of warm weather, but now how
changed. The music of the warbelers is stopped and the
dumb beast low for food and seem to mourn the very
aspect of returning winter. All the boys about 14 are
gone to training with heavy hearts altho they put on a
forced appearance of vanity. snow continues falling all
day. Boys returned from training about sunset.
Tues 5th May 1818 Morning
cloudy, snow 8 in. Clouds wear a more mild aspect. Wm
Waid gone with oxen and sled to help Dixon haul his
boards from Brawleys Mill. Eben Hunt gone to get his
shoes mended - Carpenter making a rake to rake leaves.
10 oc a.m. there is a pleasing prospect that the sun
will shine presently. Mr. Moore making a garden rake.
Sun came out by turns until night. Snow going fast. At
3 p.m. Dixon and Waid returned with load of boards on
sled - W. helping Dixon till night, put on the roof of
his house, in part joy appears once more on the face of
nature to see the snow disappear and sun shining.
"Cantons Phosphuros" Extracted from Adams Philosophy -
to prepare this take some oyster shells and calcine
them, by keeping in a good coal fire half an hour; let
the purest part of the cal be pulverized and sifted; to
three parts of powder add one of the flours of sulphur
and mix them well together; put the mixture into a
crucible ram it tightly therein; then let it be placed
in the middle of the fire where it must be kept nice and
hot for an hour at least, and then out to cool. When it
is cold turn it out of the crucible and cutting or
breaking it to pieces, scrape off upon trial, the
brightest parts, which if good, will form a white powder
and which you may preserve by keeping it in a phial with
a ground stopple - Three pigs dead this morning with the
severity of the storm.
Wed 6th May 1818 Weather
cold, ground cold and frozen. The heavens again
shrouded with clouds, a black cloud lying near the
horison in the east the sun at 1/2 after five emerged
from the cloud for a moment and again be came obscured
with angry looking vapors. A.M. rain and sleet began to
fall about 7 a.m. a dreadful gloom again covers the
face of nature and the cattle and birds search in vein
for food - sadness appears in the face of man - How
fleeting and visionary are the joys and hopes of man,
his expectations for a moment rained by the sunshine of
future hope, the next disappointment, clouds and thick
darkness unveils him and he sinks into his insignifancy
- I have this morning sowed 10 quarts of Timothy on the
hard snow, south of the house on the bottom bank on the
south side of the run, air growing more mild,
thundershower about 6 oc. p.m. after which appeared a
beautiful rainbow. the ground begins to show itself in
spots - the grass so far as seen appears very beautiful
and of fine color. Visited the sugar camp found several
trees running. 3 or 6 very large ones running fast. E.
Hunt cutting rail timber. Mr. Moore cutting wood at
door and doing chores.
Thurs 7th May 1818 From the
favorable signs that presented themselves to view last
evening, we fondly hoped that warm and pleasent weather
was at hand but alas on arising 5 a.m. nothing but thick
clouds and falling snow exhibited themselves to our
longing eyes - this fond expectation is at one moment is
raised and the next blasted - squalls of snow and
sunshine at times, showers of snow, hail and rain at
sundry times and considerable rain in the forepart of
the night - W. helped James hall home his potatoes with
oxen about 2/3 day, to have potatoes to plant for pay -
E. Hunt making rails - Mr. Moore making broom. self
doing nothing - all hands called to help Carpenter pull
old Capt. out of the mud, which was afflicted but the
old creature died soon afterwards. Dixn at his own
Fri 8thMay 1818 Morning
little rain mingled with snow. Still cold - sap run
considerable from the sugar trees - W. ploughed this
side of the swamp - self, Mr. Moore diging in the garden
- E. Hunt making rails - Mr. Cutshall here to borrow
plow - sent home Mr. C grubbing hoe by Mr. Moore - got
hoe from Carpenter - Dixn working at his own house.
Waid helping Carpenter plow ground for potatoes.
Sat. 9th May 1818 Morning
sunny, clear and beautiful and air considerable warm,
grew hazy about sun set. some appearance of rain. W.
plowed this side of swamp. E. Hunt making rails. Mr.
Moore and self working in garden, repairing hoes and
pearlash oven. Planted the garden peas and the foreign
rye given me by Foster. East end of the onion bed and
sewed the peas belonging to Wyman an self partly down by
Carpenters and partly in old garden ground. Carpenter
sewed 1/2 bushel peas near his house where the winter
wheat was sown last year. I am to have some share of
them. The peas I planted in the garden was steeped in a
solution of nitre and alkili warm until the peas
shrivvled. The peas sown in the field not steeped -
harrowed in - those in garden planted. Mr. Dickson
removed this day to his own house, lent them some
bread. Carpenter began to scorch salts, potash kettle
full about BBls. Lent Carpenter 18 lb. flour
Sun. 10th May 1818 warm
rain cleared off 8 a.m. Vegitation progresses - nature
is clothed with a beautiful garment compared with its
recent gloomy shroud. Thunder and some rain in the
evening. Old Mr. Hunt came here in the evening and
tarried all night.
Mon. 11th May 1818 Morning
cloudy and warm. Boys all gone to muster. Day very
fine and pleasent altho partially cloudy - working all
day in garden. Made 11 beds for onions and set out 9
turnips - planted some small onions and sewed cabbage
seed at end of the barn and planted 1 hill cucumbers at
barn and 1 in keg.
Tues 12th May 1818 Morning
rainy and warm. E. H and Waid came home from training
before breakfast. E. Hunt making broom. W. gone home.
Quit raining before 12 o'c. Afternoon beautiful, warm,
pleasent. E. Hunt made broom and heaped brush at west
end of house. Mr. Moore agrees that what he has done
till this day makes up the time lost in the last year.
Mr. Moore gone in the afternoon. Walthroupe hauling
wood. Self sowed 10 beds onions, set out 1/2 bed Penn
onions and planted 1 bed beets, planted out some small
Wed. 13 May 1818 Morning
clear and warm, clouds at noon and some trifling rain W
& H plowing. Carpenter came from Walthroupes with 8
bbls. Wyman & Mr. Moore came with him. Mr. Moore laid
by the whole day disqualifying himself and charged with
spirits. Planted brown potatoes at this end of garden.
Made arch to kettles mouth and chimney. Carpenter
brought grass seed from Walthroupes.
Thurs. 14th May 1818 Cloudy
and sunshine by turns. W & H plowing. Mr. Moore and
self in garden. Planted onions, parsnips, beets chives,
flowers, summer savory red peppers, parley, fennel,
wormwood, hollicocks, marigolds, sage, corriander, peas,
turnips, radishes, lettuce, potatoes, set out some
turnips and parsnips.
Fri 15th May 1818 Sun rose
clear and beautiful. Let Carpenter have 123# wheat and
5# flour. A. Johnson has agreed to go to town Tues.
next. Sowed 1 1/4 bus. wheat east of the mowing field.
Oats left by W. Barney - Mr. Moore finished planting the
potatoes in the garden. cleaned up rubbish about
garden and barn. E.H. chopping and heaping brush west
the house. Planted out about 60 peach seeds around the
fence, in south east corner of the improvement. W. went
to Mr. Dixons.
Sat. 16th May 1818 Morning
cloudy and gentle rain. James here to grind axe. Paid
Hall by an order on C. Clark store $3.25 and by an order
on Tanner White $3. which is in full for all deals
previous to this date, nails, shoemaking and mending.
Waid finished harrowing the wheat sowed yesterday. Mr.
Moore finished digging the garden and cleaned round
about it, picked stone in the meadow. E. Hunt chopping
and heaping brush where the mill is to stand and dam.
Carpenter had iron plough to plow garden. The white
maples and black cherry trees begin to have a good
Sun. 17th May 1818 Sun
shines clear, some flying clouds during the day. The
young men all gone to hear Mr. Alden preach. Wm.
Campbell and B here. M & Emeline gone to Mr. Radles to
see Catherine who is sick. Called at the Dicksons for
the first time since they moved.
Mon. 18th May 1818
Commenced raining about 8 a.m. Carpenter took away 75#
wheat to sow. sowed 4 qts grass seed where Carpenter
has been harrowing down on the bottom below his house.
this is the first wheat Carpenter has sown. W. looked
till 4 p.m. for oxen and could not find them. E. H.
working for Wyman. some mist falling at times thru the
whole day. Self made two tours for oxen to Tom Paine
and one beyond the east branch but could not find them.
this day was intended for plowing as the season is far
gone and the work far behind but the plans and
expectations of man are frustrated by the wise hand of
providence and we ought not to wilt but that it is all
for the best and therefore why should we murmur and
complain - Carpenter this day planting potatoes and some
corn and making his garden. The rye which I planted in
the garden is coming well. The pear scions which I
planted in the garden are all leaving but two.
19th May 1818 Morning wind at N/W and raining and
chilly. Carpenter got 192# wheat to sow. W. sowed 1
1/2 bu wheat east of the meadow for the last we will sow
this spring. E. Hunt working for James. Dixon got
butter and wages.
20th May 1818 Weather fair and warm, Started after
breakfast for town. called at the mill and left bag to
be filled with flour - arrived at Meadville 12 o.c.
settled with Hunt and found myself indebted to him
$22.68 including $5.68 due him by Carpenter for 45 1/2
# pork left on article of vs Meacham with Ward Barney to
collect for him. $3.22 got information of a person
claiming Lot No 1611 settled by Hiram Blakley by noon of
Friday of Mifton County. Returned book to library and
took 3 vol. Adam Philosophy. Mr. Reynolds informed me
that Mr. W. Hall had ordered him to pay me $100. for
redemption of Lot No 1209 6 N. District. W. looking
till noon for oxen.
21st May 1818 weather very arm - hot sun. After
breakfast went to Mr. James Dicksons vendue, bought 2
cows. Black one with calf $21.50. Red and white with
calf $22.00 and returned to Meadville - went to
Commissioners office and examined books concerning
22nd May 1818 Weather extremely hot and clear.
bought cow and calf of Hamilton Armour. Now at L. Lord
for $19 paid $3. by order on H. Hunt to take up his note
to James Dickson for $16. which is in full for cow.
got 4 1/2 yds tan cloth at .50 for E. Hunt and 1 par.
shoes and 2 1/2 yd striped cotton for Waid $3.75 and 3
yds Irish Linen for self and 3 1/2 home made linen for
self. .62 yd. Irish Linen .75 yd. Got garden hoe for
Hunt and 3 qts white beans to give him what beans I can
afford - some turnip seed. Consulted with C. Bean on
the strength of the assignments on the Treasurer Deeds
for donation lots no. 1460 in the 7th district. He
gives opinion clearly that an action will lye in the
warentee for the consideration and agreed with him to
attend to any suit may be commenced against us. Agreed
with Waid Barney to exchange 1509 for either of the
Stawson Lots No - 1400 or 1496 which may be most
convienient. Warentee to be made directly to Waid. W.
plowing beyound the swamp - Hunt helping Carpenter.
Apple and peach trees getting full of blossoms.
23rd May 1818 Weather clear and very warm.
Carpenter finished sowing spring wheat.
W. & H plowing in the morning till 11 o'c a.m. then
raking leaves for Carpenter. Self planted hills
corn on old garden ground by the creek for the first
time this year. Mr. Moore working for Carpenter all
day. Austin leaching. - Hoed the garden peas. W. & E.
Hunt worked for Carpenter from 1o'c to 4 p.m. Making it
all day for Carpenter. My last sown wheat up.
24th May 1818 South wind, clear and very warm till
about 3 p.m. Thunder and some sprinkling rain, grew a
little cool. Ward B. & cousin, & Mr. Bills & A. Johnson
came here, showed the 1492 and they departed.
25, May 1818 Morning clear and beautiful - Mr. Jones
here to know when I should go to town - Carpenter began
to plant corn on bank below his house. W & H plowing
east of the swamp - planted 21 peach stones south of the
house on the bank, same was given me by Dr. Sprague
which brot from Massachusetts and are said to be of a
superior quality - Mr. Moore planting for Mr. Carpenter,
began after breakfast. I planted till 11 oc and rained
before night. I agreed with Campbell that he might
pearl his salts for $6. per ton in my works. Onions
just coming up. Planted 20 hills cucumbers and
mushmelon in 5 beds on Carpenters job.
26th May 1818 Weather clear, morning a little cool,
faint appearance of frost on some rotten wood and leaves
in some places. None appeared on vegetables - Mr. Moore
and Hunt planting for Carpenter. W. harrowing corn
ground. Self weeding peas and cutting sprouts around
the stumps in the morning. Carpenter this morning
dismissed Austin from the pearlash, in account of
letting kettle boil over and throwing out ashes before
they were sufficiently leached - Carpenter had 8#
salt-gave Carpenter 2 qts. pumpkin seed and some squash
seed - burned some brush in the swamp.
27th May 1818 Weather very warm, thunder and some
rain about 1p.m. Shower with wind in the evening - began
to plant corn East of the swamp. W. & H plowing and
planting by turns - started about 2 oc p.m. for
Meadville. Carried Old Mr. Sackett 10# sugar - called
at Court House and examined Mr. Radles road petition and
employed Bean to tip it overboard - their intention was
to go thru my field and put in the petition without my
knowledge, in a sly manner. Soaked the seed corn in a
solution of nitre & alkili - Carpenter had -- wheat.
Esq. Lord presented me an order drawn by Hugh Brawley
for $12. on acct. Carpenter which I accepted to pay on
demand. See McGredy about Blackelys land. Mr. Moore
Thurs. 28 May 1818 Rec'd a letter from Throup
Barney, he asks for Money. Denies paying Commings
anything for services - states that he has bargained
with a Mr. Adams of Kingsbury and has agreed with him
for 1100 acres of land in Pennsylvania - all which I do
not rightly comprehend - some conversation with Mr.
Herrington about land matters 1460 - Carpenter had 123#
wheat and 3# of which had been weighed out for seed and
not used for that purpose leaving 184# that was sowed,
1/2 of which I never charged him. Wrote for Jones, Hunt
and Thomas for their permission. W & H planting corn.
Mr. Moore helping Carpenter. Mr. Cutshall got 2 bags to
go to Franklin for grain bought 1 pair shoes of Morgan
at $2. - left memorandum of taxes that I intend to pay.
29th May 1818 Weather clear and not quite so warm -
got 24 pieces of bacon of Mr. Rickard and paid $4.50
therefore - got my bag that I had left with A. Smith -
got $10. of Mr. Hunt. Lent James Wyman $1. and told him
to get 1/2 Dol. of A. Smith - he and Austin to bring my
cows from James Dicksons - Agreed with Ward Barney to
sell him Lot No. 1509 in exchange for 1496 on demand
against Slawson incase I do not sell it Mr. Thomas who
are to let me know at the sale whether they have the lot
or not and give me half in cash on the execution of the
writings. took up Hunts note in favor of Herrington to
pay him at sale. Paid Mr. McNamara fifty cents a small
account for mending shoes. Found the deed of 1460 with
Cot Beans and ordered him to call on Henry L. - for the
consideration money $50. and interest. Gave memorandum
to Mr. Reynolds to pay taxes on 4 tracts of Donation
Land in Venango County - to pay over $100. which is
coming from Mr. W. Call Philadelphia to Mr. Kensing.
30th May 1818 Boys - W. H. & Moore helping carpenter
plant corn last 1/2 hour in forenoon on acct. of rain.
W. went to Abram Kitlingers and got 4 bu. oats. I worked
in his place at Carpenters.
31st May 1818 Warm and cloudy and sunshine by
turns. Rained in eve. James and Austin returned from
town and brought the cows from Mr. Dicksons and the
calves - W and Hunt returned in the evening. Mr. Moore
went to Walthroupes Self went to Wymans.
1st June 1818 Weather fine and warm. Self working
in garden, forenoon, afternoon, evening and cutting
sprouts in the spring wheat south of the house. I lent
James Wyman 60# wheat and 1 bag. James took away the
cornstocks to show Lot No. 1411 to William Stewart, Mr.
Moore, Wm & Hunt helping Carpenter to plant corn. took
the potatoes out of the cellar and put them in the barn
- potatoes in garden coming up - corn coming up -
cucumbers up for three or four days past. Lent Mr.
Jones the post axe. Carpenter got 8 qts seed corn to
plant. James took away the balance of his rye,
something over 1 bu. Wyman brought goods for Waid
bought of W & Clark on my account to the amount of
2nd June 1818 - Fine warm weather. M & H working
for Carpenter planting corn. W. plowing - Mr. Wood from
Whitehall here looking land, much pleased with country.
I spent 3 or 4 hours with him showing land - William
Stewart here with jug whiskey to raise cabin on 1411
tomorrow. He and Austin grinding one of my axes to be
used by Austin a few days till Carpenter has a chance to
get him one.
3rd June 1818 Weather warm. Planting potatoes and
beans on south corn of improvement. About 3 bu.
potatoes and nearly an acre of beans. W. helping Wm
Stewart put cabin on 1411.
4th June 1818 Mr. Moore finishing beans. Self the
greater part of the day bringing father back who had
started to go off in persuit of ideal wealth apparently
in a state of partial derangement after much ado I
persuaded him back on making believe he had got the
wrong road, W & H plowing for oats near the winter rye,
west of the swamp. Carpenter went to Mr. Oakes to get
seed corn to plant over, some wheat had been planted
with bad seed. Very warm weather and thunder evening.
5th June 1818 Weather very warm, some rain about 12
a.m. Very refreshing shower. Vegitation comes on very
rapidly. Mr. Moore and myself helping Carpenter plant
corn till noon. Mr. Moore till 3 p.m. Self put ashes
on onions and polling peas. Had one of Carpenters oxen
to plough. Planted some summer squash in Carpenter
6th June 1818 weather warm and clear. Sowed 4 bu.
oats, planted some potatoes near Carpenters, Melons and
Cucumbers in abundance. W. helping Warner. Went to
Mill afternoon and got 122# flour of Mr. Hotchkiss. Saw
Mr. Shattuck at mill. Had Carpenters all day and his
other yoke in afternoon.
7th June 1818 Fine shower and warm. Mr. Radle and
Dr. Bemus stopped this way to Mr. R. B. return just
before the shower - grew cooler in the evening. M. H. &
W killed the hawk which even in a nest. corn hansomely
up expecting about 2 acres in Carpenter which was
8th June 1818 Cloudy and some rain. About to start
to Meadville to the sale and to settle taxes. Carpenter
has taken all the oxen to harrow for potatoes. W.& H.
come to help James plant his corn-went to Meadville and
arrived about 12 o.c. - turned horse into Lords field
till he remained till Thurs. 12 o.c. attended the sale
of lands and bought in 1495 - 155- 1339 and paid off all
the last purchase and No. 107. bought 4 hams 1 sholder
of bacon of Mr. Greenlee at 12 cents per # $3.75.
9th June 1818 Did several thing in town. Attended
the sale and agreed with Mr. Herrington about 1460 to
pay $100 per annum for 3 years - to make writings the
next time I see him. W. & Hunt planting potatoes in
Carpenters clearing spot. Got 2 bushel red potatoes of
James W. Small frost.
10th June 1818 Attended to some business at
Commissioners Office -went to ordination of Mr.
Campbell. Got the taxes and cost of the purchase of
1460 refunded without interest.
11th June 1818 Attended the sales and adjusted all
my land inventory relating to taxes till I can come to a
fixed settlement - paid Mayor Alden $20 on account of
Herrington - and $2.33 on 2466 which belongs to
Herrington to pay. Got goods at C. Clarks for Mr. Moore
$1.12 a fly hof- and E Hunt 2 yds cotton at 50 cts.
$1.75 - got 2 qts Brandy Cullum $2.25 Paid Andrew Smith
$1.50 to be paid to John smith. Paid Hickcock $1.00.
Bargained with W. Barney to owe him 1509 in case he can
get a ? from Shaw or of 1496 and so arrange things as to
have said tract 1496 free and clear from Shaw Mortgage -
started from Meadville in company with Barney. Arrived
at home 9 oc. Mr. Moore doing sundry things.
12th June 1818 went with W. Barney to show the lines
of 1492. W & H helping to finish the fence round
Carpenters improvement in the morning and cutting bushes
among the spring wheat. Barney returned to Meadville.
13th June 1818 Cloudy and very warm, began to log
in the swamp. Heavy shower before and another the
heaviest we have had in the afternoon. E. Hunt hurt his
knee badly about 10 oc. and could do nothing the
remainder of the day. I went to Mr. Jones and borrowed
his bush scythe, which was pretty broken off. Little
sow had 4 pigs. 1 died. Beans begin to blossom.
14th June 1818 Cloudy and a little cooler. Waid not
returned from home. E. H. lame. M.M. the standby quit
to give the large calf milk.
15th June 1818 Cool and foggy - fine and clear. Mr.
Hunt and Daniel here. Got Dicksons wagon to go to town,
agreed to bring my axes and bacon. Carpenter went to
Warner Waids and got my hoe. W & H hoeing corn. Self
working in garden in morning. Put a mixture of charcole
and ashes on onions. Mr. Moore went to Capt Malthrops,
not returned. Gave Mr. Moore an order on Capt Malthrop
16th June 1818 Morning clear and cool, very trifling
frost appeared on a cloth and could hardly been seen on
dry leaves, none on vegatables. Mr. Moore returned from
Malthroupe about 9 oc a.m. got his order answered for
$12. payable in six months. Mr. Moore lost the day. W
& Hunt hoeing corn. went to mill and got 2 bu wheat
ground and brought home the flour. Carpenter had 2 1/3
wheat. Malthroup packing up to move.
17 June 1818 Day warm and clear. Went to
Meadville. Got some tobacco of C. Clark paid for it.
Mr. Farrelly says that the papers in possession of Col
Bean concerning Donation tract No. 1410 are insufficient
to support and ? called Mr. Hunt for cash and got none,
he agrees to do something by Mon. All hands hoeing
corn. Mr. Moore to stay another year at $150. got 1#
tobacco .50 1 box quintum for Eben. Hunt .25. Left
measure for E. H. pair of shoes at Mr. Williams - D.
Hunt brot 2 axes from town and 2 w pieces bacon.
Thurs. 18th June 1818 Night and morning cold, day
hot. James Wyman and self working road from Cutshalls
to our house. All hands logging in swamp.
19th June 1818 Morning cold. All hands on the road
working making creepway over swamp towards Cutshalls.
20th June 1818 Some frost, did no injury.
Bloomfield came here and Fanny, early in the morning.
Went to Meadville with Thomas. got $100 of Hunt and
borrowed $100. of William Magan of which I returned
$32. agreed with C. Clark to give a draught for $81. to
make up the payment to Reading House and sent the same
by William Foster, sent a memorandum to buy or exchange
1651 with Hunt for 1226 or 1439 - talked $1.50 acre - in
case of purchase - Paid C. Clark $50. on account.
Bought all Gen. Meads stills 3 in number and all the
tubs and appratus for $261. payable in one year without
21st June 1818 Weather warm. Returned from
Meadville in the morning. Went with Bloomfield to
Wymans and stayed about1 hr and returned home and went
with B's wife and Mrs. Guy to Dicksons. B & W stayed
there all night.
22 June 1818 Weather very warm and dry. All hands
logging in the swamp. B & W started home 10 oc. a.m.
Lent Cutshall a short bag - They took away Dicksons
wagon and tongue straps.
June 23 1818 Dry and very warm. Went to mill and
got nearly 3 bu wheat ground and brought home flour and
left the bran. got 32# flour of Hotchkiss and agreed
with him for a hog that will weigh about 120 or 5#. I
am to give him $7. All hands logging in the swamp.
24th June 1818 Very hot. All hands logging in swamp
and burning off brush heaps. a small shower about 2
p.m. which refreshed the vegatables. The winter wheat
is considerably shortened in its growth by the dry
weather. corn begins to grow fast. Peas in the garden
in blossom and pods full length potatoes knee high. But
the six onion beds at the east end of the garden with
strong bloody beef brine - worms continue to cut off
25th June 1818 Morning and night very hot - a small
shower in the night - all hands in the swamp logging.
Haulled 60 bu. ashes.
26th June 1818 Weather extremely warm all day. corn
grows fast. Peas filling. Worms trouble the onions and
some corn and beans - winter wheat stunted in the growth
by the drought - all hands logging in the swamp -
Dickson shingling the house - set about 100 cabbage
plants which all soon wilted down. Planted some
cucumbers near swamp.
27th June 1818 Weather very hot and dry. All hands
gone to Hunts raiseing in the morning. Self cut all the
dock roots out of the mowing and burned some brush heaps
- Mrs. Mary Benedict and Chas Benedict came here in the
evening and tarried over night.
28th June 1818 Weather extremely hot. Carpenters
oxen broke into the field and ate and trod down
considerable oats last night. Mr. & Mrs. Benedict
started to go home after breakfast - a fine shower in
the evening with much lightning and thunder - night very
Monday 29th June 1818 Morning beautiful, sun and
clear, became cloudy and muggy about 7 oc transplanted
the beets. Ashed the onions and cabbage plants and the
cucumbers. I planted on Friday and were up this morning
and some of them last evening. Vegitation much revived
by the shower last evening, every herb and plant seems
to have taken new life - peas fast filling, some nearly
full grown - Mr. Dickson here at work on the new house
- Carpenters white ox broke into Dicksons corn and
destroyed abut 50 or 60 hills. Sent Mr. Moore to mill
to help Mr. Hotchkiss kill a hog. I agreed with him for
on Tuesday last - Sent $6. of the money by Mr. Moore.
Jones here grinding - W & H hoeing potatoes. By
Carpenters in the forenoon. Mr. Moore returned with hog
and extremely warm. Corn grows very fast.
30th June 1818 Morning beautiful, very warm. Boys
hoeing potatoes. Dickson working on new house, cutting
windows. Self working in garden. Wm had 1/2# tobacco -
grew cool in the evening. All hands hoeing beans after
July 1st 1818 Clear and sun warm air a little cool.
All hands hoeing beans. Dickson cutting out windows in
new house. Self putting in underpining.
2nd 1818 Morning clear and cool. Dickson working at
new house. W & H & M Warner Waid from 8 o.c. a.m.
Carpenters ox broke into the field last night and let in
horse - finished underpining house and worked out door
Friday 3rd July 1818 Weather fine and warm. A small
shower about 4 p.m. which was limited to a small spot
of ground - forenoon getting some timber for window
frames - setting frames - setting cabbages - turnips and
shutting up pigs. Afternoon M Lachlin and Mr. Tompson
here looked out place for Mill Dam - all hands logging
in swamp. Dickson working on new house - Mr. Jones and
Barney here grinding.
4th July 1818 Independence - Weather beautiful. W &
H Self and Dxn at work as usual. Mr. Moore gone to town
- Wyman, Wm Stewart and Austin gone to town. Let Austin
have old axe on Carpenters acc for $2.25 Emeline broke
the best Decanter - picked an early one quart of pea
pods well filled for the first, the same were sown on
the 9th day of May, 56 day from time they were planted.
Carpenter and Campbell worked in swamp at logging in
the afternoon. Abe Skinner called here - cleaned some
wheat for mill.
Moore not returned.
6th July 1818 Day cloudy and mist and sprinkling of
rain. Campbell helping log in the swamp in the
forenoon. Afternoon W & H cut down big Hemlock and
clearing away for the mill dam. Cows went away and did
not return. Mr. Dickson worked on new house. Mr. Moore
went to mill to Mr. Dicksons with a little more than 3
bu. wheat - not returned - borrowed meal for the first
7th July 1818 Morning very rainy. The vegatables
put on a beautiful verdure and all nature rejoices at
the refreshing shower. The wheat is rather cut short in
its growth by the drought - cucumbers about an inch
long. Set out some cabbages in the garden about 50. W
& H hunting cows all the forenoon and did not find them
- Mr. Moore returned with the flour about 11 a.m. Mr.
Dxn working on new house. W & H sawed some bolts of
shingle. W. carried home Cutshall and saw - Mr. Moore
splitting timber and shingles. W brot axe that Austin
had chopping at Wymans and borrowed Wymans shave.
8th July 1818 Morning clear and very warm. Moore
brot home the cows about 9 a.m found them 3 or 4 miles
N.W. Carpenter gone to town. Sent to Hunt to have
grubbing hoes done and send an order on C. Clark for 7
yds C. shirting for E. H. Hoed the cabbage this norning
before dinner - the gnats very troublesome - thunder
shower in the evening. Mr. Dxn working on new house.
W & H clearing away for mill dam. Mr. Moore making
shingles for house.
9th July 1818 Morning clear and warm and beautiful.
W & H clearing away for dam, and to frame the mill on -
Mr. Moore making shingles. Dxn working on new house.
carpenter gone to town. Campbell carried his potash to
town, took it from here yesterday. Self troubled with
rheumatism and jaundice. Had mess green peas for
dinner. Mrs. Dxn her tonight.
July 10th 1818 Morning a little cool, day warm and
fair. W. working for self hauling his barn logs. E. H.
hoeing corn. Mr. Moore making shingles. Dxn. working
on N. house. Lent Carpenter 14# flour.
11th July 1818 Weather extremely warm. Corn grows
remarkably fast now waist high and tapering. W & H
hoeing. H gave out in the afternoon and went home on
a/c of the heat. Mr. Moore making shingles. Dxn
working on N/H put on the north side of the roof 15
courses of chestnut shingles - This I think as warm a
day as I have seen for 4 years - vegatation progresses
12th July 1818 Morning extremely warm, the nights
the hottest I have experienced in this country. E. Hunt
returned in the evening. W. gone all day and all night
- Carpenter has corn in his garden silked.
13th July 1818 Warm morning, a little foggy and
clowdy. Cleared off about 10 o/c a.m. M. H & W hoeing
corn. Mr. Moore fixing hog trough and in the forenoon
hoeing afternoon. Barney here in morning to grind axe.
I turned for him. Had dinner of green peas - Dxn here
hoeing his potatoes - Wrote a long letter to M. Wheeler
stated several things I before named to Troop Barney and
dated this letter on the 10th, have kept a copy. W & H
went to get bull in the evening and returned without
14th July 1818 Morning a little cloudy. Sun came
out very warm about 7 a.m. W & H went for mate for cows
got A. Johnsons at H. Brawleys and returned about 8 oc
a.m. and went to finish hoeing corn for the second
time. Corn chiefly waist high and topling. Dxn working
at N.H. Mr. Moore hewing sleeper and beams.
15th July 1818 Went to Meadville and from there to
Meads old farm to see the distilleries - found things
there in bad order. got William Waid at Clarks store 3
gallon whisky at 75c $2.25 carried straw hat to W.
Barney. Mr. Kincaid went with me to see the stills and
counted 24 hogsheads. Dxn working at house.
16th July 1818 Weather clear and warm enough to be
comfortable - got 1 new pitchfork of Hunt and one old
axe repaired - got a gallon bottle of Hunt at 75c.
Bought 4 scythes of Barton for $5. being tail end of the
heap. Took dinner with Hunt - got 1 gallon whiskey at
Andrew Smith and 5 qts of Hunt. 1 1/2 yds checked
cotton and1# nails of Clark - got pair of shoes of
Williams for Marietta - brought pair for Waid for which
he charged .75 discounted with Clark for Alexander
Johnson $27.00 - to pay Wymans note - settled with Mr.
Hunt and took up all my orders and gave him an order on
Mr. Reynolds $324.43 1/2 cents and balanced the books.
took bill of taxes at Commissioners Office. Gave
Kincaid several documents for Barneys work. Dxn working
at house. Raked 27 cocks hay.
17th July 1818 Weather warm and some rain in
morning. Boys grinding scythes preparing them for
mowing. Hoed some potatoes near Carpenter house in the
evening - Mr. Moore working about new house. Dxn
working at N/H. Mr. Moore went to mill and returned
before with flour.
July 18 1818 Weather cloudy and warm in the
morning. Boys finishes hoeing potatoes near Carpenters
and cut out road to get timber for Mill dam. Afternoon
W & H went to W. Radles.raining. Carpenter, Moore and
self raked up and got in the hay raked on Fri. 5 loads
on sled. Dxn working on NH. E. Hunt knocked corner off
19th July 1818 Morning clear and warm. thunder and
apperance of shower about 1 p.m. Raked up 2 load of hay
and haulded the same into the barn - W not here.
Carpenter picked up and took away his harness and
chain. Picked 1st cucumber.
20th July 1818 Morning a little cloudy - Mr. Moore,
H & W gone to W. Barney barn raising. Self making ready
to go to Walthropes and mill. Went to Capt. Walthroupes
and bought of him a pair of old wagon wheels, cross cut
saw and broad axe for which I gave him a Dubill payable
some time or other for $15. from thence I went to
Abraham Kightlingers and got dinner and took view of his
farm (fine crops) He agrees to come and see me
immediately after Mrs.Kitlinger returns from down
country. Was treated with B of B at A. Stainbrook. a
small shower overtook me at Walthroup on my return.
Stopped at Austin got some W. found Hickcock at my
house on my return who stayed all night - I settled with
him my blacksmith account and gave dubill $1.44 - E. H.
home from raising. Mr. Moore came sometime in the night
- had potatoes for the first time.
21 July 1818 Weather warm and cloud flying. A small
shower about 11 a.m. W & H mowing. M. getting some
timber for cart wheels - Dxn working on N. H. clear
afternoon. Mr. Moore and self shakeing out hay
afternoon. Mr. Moore went to Walthroupes old place and
got wagon wheels, xcsaws - broadaxe - and Patent Pitch
22nd July 1818 Weather, morning a little cool, day
arm, some flying clouds in the forenoon - all hands at
haying. E. H. & W mowing in forenoon afternoon raked up
and hauled in 6 load on sled and left 9 cocks out.
Thurs. 23 July 1818 Morning cool. Owls cried in the
night and wolves howled most dreadfully in the morning -
this our sign of rain. Went to mill in the morning and
carried the last of wheat except what is lent. - About 3
bu. left at mill - Got 61# of flour of Hotchkiss - boys
mowing in morning, raked up and got in some hay. 2w load
in good. Then it commenced raining, about 1/2 after 2
p.m. Mr. Moore getting out some cart spokes in the
morning - lent Austin a sickle. Dxn working in N.H.
Cut tree for cart fellows ground axes. Corn silking -
pumpkins forming some as large as eggs - early garden
peas getting ripe - some of the Pa. onions larger than
top of tin cup.
24th July 1818 Morning wind to westward and clouds
flying. Cleared off with warm sun about 10 oc a.m. W &
H hoeing potatoes on new ground. Mr. Moore getting cart
timber and boiling out spokes in Potash kettle - Dxn
working at N. house a.m. afternoon all gone to E.
Barneys raising on lot no. 1462. Self afternoon raked
and shook out, cocked up 17 cocks of hay and did small
things. Mr. W. had run after his cow calling him. I
cleared the garden of the grass and weeds around the
fence - dug potatoes for dinner as large as eggs - this
eve. cold. the ground is yet remarkably dry - the
potatoes cabbage suffer with the drought. Wheat and all
kinds of grain and corn looks well.
25th July 1818 Morning clear but simtoms of rain,
afternoon cleared up W & H mowing in forenoon. got 2
load of hay afternoon and raked up 23 cocks what was
left out. went mill and got part of the grist which had
been left there - Dxn working on new house.
26th July 1818 Some small showers. I went and
called at Dxn. Mrs. W here in the evening for moment.
27th July 1818 Heavy dew, fog clouds, sun broke
about 7 a.m. Boys mowing - lent Mr. Jones 8# flour.
Afternoon got 4 load hay and raked up all on the bottom
by patch. Dxn working at N. H. evening a little cool.
Carpenter sowed part of his turnips.
28th July 1818 Weather clear and very warm. W.
asked to quit, without making up lost time, some words
concerning various things, agreed to have him quit and
deduct lost time from wages - made out his whole account
commence in December 1816 and found it to amount $104.53
found his whole work from the 11th Nov. 1816 to this day
to amount $175.77 1/2c includeing the work done by
Warner - he is likewise allowed $8. for board charged
him by Wm. the same time he and Warner were doing 26
days work for me. - making his account in all $183.77
1/2c from which I deduct $104.53 1/4 leaves $79.24 which
is allowed on the monies and interest due me for his
tract of land - forenoon clearing turnip patch.
afternoon finishing haying - Dxn working on N.H. in
forenoon. Afternoon absent - Dxn and M. here in evening
- got line from Barney that he intends starting for
Albany on Sat. or Mon. by the way of Harrisburgh.
Wednesday July 29th 1818 Weather extremely warm and
dry. W. cleared out early this morning - M & H at
turnip patch - cutting bushes in the mowing ground.
Lent James Wm a sickle and handsaw. Made out Bs
account. Put some chunks in the house - burned off some
brush heaps in the evening N. E. of barn.
30th July 1818 Morning quite warm and some cloudy.
H. harrowing turnip ground. Dxn took saw and some other
tools and rake. afternoon clearing N/E very small
shower in the night.
31 July 1818 Morning a little cloudy and signs of
rain. Clouds soon dissipated and cleared off. Hot
sunshine. Brook below Carpenters nearly dried up. Went
to Meadville, met Herrington and Hurst going to survey
1496. bought 10 qts whiskey of C. Clark paid for same -
got 1# tobacco and knife on credit - got $ 4. of Cullum
for straw hat sold Cullum by Ward Barney. Settled with
Ward Barney and took his note for $53.75 got receipt of
William Foster for $200. of Reading Howell for part
payment of 1471 - bought $1.50 worth books of Cullum not
paid. Paid $25. owed Gilson - found my dubill to
Hickock for $1.44 in the hands of Cullum. took Rileys
Journal out of Library - agreed with Grimes to go up and
weigh stills - bring to Clarks an exact account - agreed
with Herrington to make writeings for 1460 court week -
sold 1 straw hat to mayor Alden $4.00 - one to Atkinson
and 1 to Esq. Lord 1/2 quarter veal of Carpenter, lent.
1st August 1818 Fair and very warm. Came from town
before breakfast. Mr. Sackett came with me. Went to
Wymans raising, got up and finished his barn about 4
p.m. got dinner and came home - brot home scycle from
Wymans. Moore and Hunt both at raising. Some corn on
Carpenters garden fit to roast.
2nd August 1818 Weather dry and warm - EH gone
home. Moore gone to Walthroup got home in the evening
full of spirit and made use of abusive language and many
threats but not intending to be heard by any of the
family - concluded to discharged him on Monday morning.
3rd August 1818 Weather very dry. Settled with Mr.
Moore. Gave order on Capt. W for $12. do on Reynolds
$10.20 Pd. Dxn .50c which balanced all account including
3 day work done winter and spring 1817 - H & Self
reaping winter wheat not quite done.
4th August 1818 Dry and warm. EH finished reaping
winter wheat and was reaping rye in the afternoon.
Carpenter reaping rye in p.m. Self went mill got the
balance of my flour - M. gone to town left bundle here -
cows troublesome stay out - went to Wymans for horse and
got his bridle to bring him home.
5th August 1818 Clear and warm sun. E H and
Carpenter reaping rye. Austin reaping forenoon cut his
finger and quit reaping 10 oc a.m. Wymans reaping in
p.m. Austin assisted G. Cutshall to haul my wheat 2
load 1/2 afternoon. Cutshall on Wymans account lent
Wyman jug of whiskey.
6th August 1818 Small thunder shower in the morning
which revived vegatables a little which were very much
dried up. E.H. cut some bushes in the swamp afternoon H.
Capt W and self reaping rye finished sun 12 hours high
D. Hunt helped finish reaping rye so that Eben could go
home with him - Wyman went to Smiths for whiskey. E.
Hunt took away my sickle to reap with.
7th August 1818 clear weather Carpenter reaping for
Wyman on my A/c Hunt gone. self all day hunting oxen.
Kid and W found cows, and did not find O - M. Foster
arrived here at noon from Ohio or Wabash.
8th August 1818 Commenced a beautiful rain sometime
in the night and continued until noon and fine
afterwards - Eben Hunt at home - carpenter all day after
cows and did not find them.
9th August 1818 Weather warm and cloudy. W. Wd brot
home cows. E. H. come home in the evening.
10th August 1818 Morning warm and cloudy, sun came
out about 12. Mr. Moore took away powder horn and
hammer which was left here by Hughs. He also took away
everything but big coats were in our possession - Dxn
had oxen from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. to harrow turnips.
Foster and Self looking for and pulling the little peas
in the old garden. Self pulled up bushes and cut dock
and wormwood in the forenoon - Carpenter finished
scorching salts. Foster went home with Wyman. E. Hunt
went home after breakfast to reap.
11th August 1818 Weather clear and warm. E.H. at
home reaping. Foster and Self all day in woods looking
land, went to Hunts - looked 1486 found west line
original corner. Came home about sun set, time enough.
I had long look for the new cow in the morning and did
not find them. Jones here grinding new axe.
12 August 1818 morning cloudy and warm. Foster and
I took a long look for cows, went far to the N. west and
could not find them. E.H. came home about 8 a.m.
afternoon H & Self reaping. Foster articled with Austin
too keep possession of 1586. Carpenter had my oxen to
draw 2 load potash to Brawleys mill.
13th August 1818 Some rain in the morning. Went to
town, talked with W. Calmount about Adams land 1636-1339
in 7th district. He offers to see ? title to one for my
recovering the other and make perfect title which was
pretty much agreed to. Paid W. $68. borrowed of C.
Clark - Hauled in rye. Eli H and Barney reaping.
14th August 1818 attended to several small concerns,
returned book to Library and took another. Got Reynolds
statement of his A/c with Throop Barney. Dined at
Torbetts and waited for Mr. Herrington till night.
Carpenter had oxen to draw potash. E. Hunt reaping -
Old Mr. Hunt and Daniel reaping spring wheat 1/2 day.
15th Aug. 1818 Pd. Foster $20. attended to some
business at Commissioners office, went up and weighed
the stills at Mead old-farm - found them to weight about
100#. Grimes and Hunt assisted me. Talked with Simeon
Hunt to purchase stills - wrote his conditions. Price
$365. $200 cash - $100 year rest in salt. See Mayor
Alden, agreed to let him have some sugar, borrow? $15 of
Cullum. Carpenter had my oxen to draw potash to
Meadville - returned home in the eve.
16th August 1818 Weather clear and warm - plenty of
17th August 1818 E. H went to mill in the morning to
Dxns. D.H. and Carpenter reaping forenoon, afternoon
hauling 3 load wheat south of house abut 60 doz. and
helped bind up 24 doz. near Carpenters. Joel Jones
cradeling till 1/2 after 3 p.m. then bound up wheat till
dark - had Carpenters oxen to draw the wheat - cows not
come. Jones to have 1/2 dollar per acre. Cutshall
found a bee tree on my land with a good pail honey last
18th August 1818 weather clear and warm. Barney came
at breakfast to work. D. Hunt, E H and Carpenter reaped
a considerable part of the barley, bound up about 50
doz. wheat east of barn, and hauled in 4 load 54 doz.
and I load barley. Joel Jones cradled wheat - E.H.
returned from mill at breakfast time - had Carpenters
oxen to haul the grain.
19th August 1818 Small shower about 2 oc.
A.M. and a trifle rain about day break but the ground
yet very dry, the hills of potatoes have not been wet
this summer - a great abundance of cucumbers - Carpenter
had a hard route after cows, found them at Sugar Creek 5
miles from home, got here at 12 noon - Afternoon
Carpenter with oxen helped haul 2 load wheat 25 doz.
quit about 4 p.m. the barley - oats and peas. Boys
forenoon pulled peas, reap some barley and bound up some
wheat. Joel Jones cradled wheat, Barney binding in
afternoon. Mr. Crane came here about 1 p.m. wishes to
purchase 1509. I agreed with him for the sum at $3. per
acre in case he pays me $200 by the first of October and
the balance in six years with interest annually - He is
to give me a positive answer by Saturday night next week
- James here grinding 2 new axes - Bound and staked 40
dozen wheat - and finished reaping wheat.
Thurs. 20th August 1818 Morning cloudy and quite
warm. Sun came out about 9 a.m. J. Brawley here and
took away a heffer. Carpenter began to reap his spring
wheat, quit saying to green. I bought Campbells 2
barrel of potash this morning at $6. cwt. take it at
Meadville - Carpenter to see it weighed to pay in six
months - finished reaping and bringing barley. reaped
Timothy seed. Carpenter started after dinner with the
last of his potash for Meadville - had my oxen.
21st August 1818 - Fine clear warm day. EH hunting
cows till 3 and did not find them - shot at a deer on
the hill, fair view broadside and did not get him -
found blood. Barney cutting bushes in swamp - Dixn
making cupboard I & W gone to Clarks vendue - Carpenter
came home from town at dark brought L grubbing hoe from
Nelson Hunts, James bought yoke oxen from judge Clark
$80 Campbells potash weighed 5.19# at $6 - cwt.
22 August 1818 Fine clear day very drying wind,
Carpenter this morning found cows about 3 miles west of
home - his white ox & my near one lay in the oats - Dxn
making cupboards - H & B a.m. cutting bushes and
burning brush in swamp - afternoon hauled in the last of
the spring wheat about 40 doz. Carpenter brown ox lame
- worked his old oxen drawing the wheat - lent Hall my
saddle to go to town. sent by him .75c to buy leather
for Barney and paid him .37c for M. Foster.
23rd August 1818 Fine warm day, signs of rain.
24th August 1818 Morning cloudy. H. Barney reaped
for Carpenter til nearly 12 a.m. and hauled in his
peas. begun to rain, small shower. quit before 1 oc
rained again at 2 p.m. Carpenter, H & B hauled rails
for fence in afternoon. Self laid some bottom rails and
dug some potatoes that were in the way. - Mr. dxn
working at N. H. James took W. Lacklins rifle from here
and did not return it. I offered Wyman to crop the
wheat ground. I furnish seed and tools and he do the
work and have half the grain delivered in the barn.
James Douglas here wanting money, got none. Borrowed an
auger of Mr. dxn. Old Mr. Hunt here borrowed my iron
wedges 1 at Dxns the other at Wymans, he took away their
scythe snath and hanging - Capt Walthroupe came here in
the evening- tarried all night.
25th Aug. 1818 Morning cloudy, sun came out about 8
a.m. Barney help Carpenter reap - self reaping till
noon. Mr. Adams came here from Fort Ann with an order
from Troop Barney for $3. showed him a sample of Penna.
lands. E.H. went to Mr. Dxns mill got 1/2 his grist and
got home a little before night. Lent Hall a ?
26th Aug. 1818 Morning clear and beautiful - Wrote a
long letter to Throop Barney. beginning with amount of
Ward Barney; attachment, everything in the hands of the
sheriff - collecting stopped till sentenced, - Bank
stock attached Action brot Wheeler and Throops agreement
to furnish $2000 - lands cannot be sold till suit
removed from docket. Ward gone to Albany. W. hall
chosen to settle with him. Wrote by him to Wheeler,
wrote about the difficulties which was my reason for not
being willing to send generally - stated the claims and
compromises. Hunt taken possession the 3rd asked
concerning it. 1611 claim what shall be done about.
1416 or 1410 claim is processessed. I bought in some of
the tracts which we have sold ?????????????????
statement monies paid Bank $1340.25
Rec'd payment for sell
J. Howard 1.08
Then copied account from
Add taxes 1817 &
Must compromise about 1611. Great
expense and trouble to do this business. Whether we had
not better quit claims. wrote to procure some money
from bank. Wrote that the money would have been
collected if it had not been for Waids Suit . - Went
to Meadville and got there about 3 p.m. did but little
excepting making some inquiries. Boys some in swamp and
one helping Carpenter get in Spring wheat. Mr. Dxn
borrowed and threshed wheat out of mine.
Thurs 27th August 1818 At
Meadville, PA gave to Mr. Adams preceiding and letter
and a memorandum of the Nos. the tracts of lands in
Crawford County to select from. and he departed.
Agreed if I collect or to raise any money to give him
notice for Barney that they may draw for the same -
bought of C. Clark 1 shovel and 1 spade and marked them
but did not bring them away. Paid D. Andrews my last
quarter postage $2.12 and got a letter Wyman for which I
paid 18 3/4c left the note I had against Abram Kitlinger
with Atkimon for collection, balance due on it $55.32 -
orders to push it - asked for Mr. Warner money on Mr.
Johnsons order but did not get it - See Mr. Clark, he
says he does not want any money of me til after he
returns from Philadelphia. Agreed to compromise with
Fetton the title of 1321 as the money is in the
Treasurers hands and he the Treas. agrees, that I will
assign said deed on such conditions as will not injure
or subject me to damage or trouble - wrote by Mr.
Brotherton to Simeron Hunt the same as before -
respecting the sale of the stills - Mr. Pike came home
with me to look land-brought home jug whiskey and apples
- which I bought of Samuel Gehr - got of Mr. W. Arthur
14 deed which had been left for record - Boys and H.
Hall & Barney in the swamp.
Fri. 28th August 1818
Weather clear, dry, and warm. Showed Mr. Pike 1/2 of
1453 then went to Braymer and showed him and Stringer
west end of 1462, then took tour in search of cows and
returned about 4 p.m. All well pleased with the land -
Eben Hunt hunting cows that have been gone three days.
Found them and brot them home about noon - Mr. Pike left
us about 5 p.m. Hall H. & Barney clearing in the
swamp. Carpenter went this afternoon and bought a sheep
of John McFadden 4.25 Meat weighed 76# rough tallow 11#
paid $2.00 got home about dark. Lent William Noble
compass to take to Dxn. Mill.
Saturday 29th August 1818
Very very dry and warm E H gone to work for Hall.
Carpenter gone to Dxns Mill with my horse. a hard
scrabble after the cows and then another after Marietta
who had lost herself looking for cows. Barney
and H assisted Carpenter to clean his wheat in the
morning. M. got home about 10 a.m. Craine did not come
to give an answer about 1509.
Sun. 30th August 1818
Weather dry and warm. Capt. looking all day for his
lame ox and did not find him.
Monday 31st August 1818 Dry
and warm. A few drops of rain in the afternoon
cloudy in the evening. H. Hall and Barney logging in
the swamp - Sent E. Hunt to town with 58# sugar to Mayor
Alden. He returned about 1 p.m. and brought home 1
shovel & 1 spade from Clarks store and 2 qts whiskey
and1 grubbing hoe from I.N. Hunts. Cleaned up the wheat
in the evening - Carpenter found his lame oxe Threshed
his peas in the afternoon. James came from town and
left his oxen in our Hog pasture. A. Johnson and
Tues. 1st Sept. 1818 Dry
and warm. Lent Dxn 2 sap buckets, he is to
return me 2 new ones in the spring. sent to mill on my
horse by Carpenter nearly 4 bu. wheat - Hunt, Barney and
Hall logging in the swamp - Threashed out the timothy
seed and packed in a barrell. Carpenter brought home
the balance of the grist left at mill by E. H. and left
that he carried, to have next Tues. Brot up some fine
mellons in the evening.
Wed. 2nd Sept. 1818 Dry and
warm evening a little cool - Carpenter, Barney and Hunt
working in the swamp - Barney helped Hall to grind new
axe in the morning and H. departed. James came to
borrow yoke staple had gone got 1 at Carpenters. Reap
some oats Bonets - Kincade here served summons on
Carpenter in favor of Hotchkiss 1 12/ bu. chopped rye.
Thurs. 3rd Sept. 1818
Weather extremely dry. Warm sun and cool evening.
Carpenter helping us log in swamp in the forenoon.
Abizer Fuller came to his house about 11oc a.m.
Carpenter did not work in the afternoon, waited on
Fri. 4th Sept. 1818
Morning cool. day extremely dry and warm sun. Mr.
Jones came here in morning to grind new axe, son in law
with him and young man from ? to look land - fuller gone
to look No. 1509 to have on 10 years pay day at $4. per
acre interest yearly or 43. if he pays $200 by the first
day of Feb. Carpenter at work in the swamp after 9 a.m.
quit at 11 a.m. to doctor sick ox.
H & B in swamp. Jones took away ?
rife. Finished putting up and burning the brush in the
swamp - the creek dry up within 20 rods of where we dip
up the water. Carpenters ox sick, conjestion eating to
Sat. 5th Sept. 1818 Morning
very early, the clouds in the east red which flashed to
centre of the horison which changed to black about sunup
and clouds seemed in commotion - begun to rain about 8
a.m. and continued till about 12 noon. This is the best
rain we have had for three months. Began to reap the
oats but quit on account of rain - Saml Glenn came for
shovel for Wyman, gave him the old potash shovel. H & B
grinding axes and putting handles in the mattocks and
handle in axe. Considerable of the corn is ripe.
Afternoon hauling rails - night warm. Got our saw from
Sun.6th Sept. 1818 Fine
clear day and warm. Mr. Stewart and Mr. Douglass here
to see the improvement. Dxn and wife took supper with
us and some mellons and gave M. D. some. spent the day
Mon. 7th Sept. 1818 Morning
warm and cloudy. Boys reaping oats. Disappointed about
halling rails on acct. of blue ox not coming
home.---------------Warner W brot home foot wheel and
borrowed iron wedges. Reap oats till breakfast, looking
like rain. We made a bridge between house and barn -
clouds began to break about 10 a.m. Carpenter returned
from looking blue ox and he and E. H. went to hauling
rails hauled 2 load before noon. W. grinding axes.
Joel Jones came here for money told his father ought to
pay. Finished the division fence. M Lachlin with B-
and Scroggs came to work on mill this evening. Wind
blew somewhat hard from the N/west in the afternoon and
grew cold toward the evening, felt like frost, grew
cloudy in the evening and not so cold - Carpenter
hauling rails from 10 a.m. till 5 p.m. with his oxen -
finished the division fence in the evening, Carpenter
cow and oxen turned into the field.
Tues. 8th Sept. 1818
Morning cloudy and cool. ML and hands getting out
timber for the mill. H & B made fence around barn
before breakfast. EH went to dxn's mill and carried
about 12 bu. wheat. Dxn had 2 buckets to give and 2 new
ones next spring. J. W. came from town with word about
money due commissioners. Carpenter gone to town with
last load of pearlash has my oxen and took the patent
plough to be sharpened - sent to Clarks for 1# tobacco -
EH not returned from mill.
Wed. 9th Sept 1818 Morning
cloudy and cool. McFadden and boy called here and got
an order for $2.25 the balance due him for sheep. M.L.
and 2 hands getting out timber for the mill - Carpenter
returned from town without lime - bought 1/2# tobacco
for father and 1/2# for EH.
Thursday 10th Sept 1818
This morning cold, some frost which touched some vines
and some of Carpenters corn but not to do much injury,
day cool clouds flying from north. Fearful of more
frost - WL and hands hewing mill timber. EH and B began
in the morning to dig for mill dam - went with 2 hands
to help Carpenter cut up his corn about 10 a.m. and
worked till night. Frogs peep.
Friday 11th Sept 1818
Morning cold a considerable frost, killed potatoes,
beans and the leaves on the corn - in the low lands high
chestnut ridges not much injured - EH and B. digging
mill dam in the forenoon and drawing in the oats in the
afternoon. Self went to Johnsons vendue bought nothing
and lost my day. A. Johnson gave me a small canthook.
Conversation with Mr. Slawson about 1496. he agrees to
write to McCracken to take the tract - some
electionering stuff - came home about 8 p.m. - day and
evening warm with signs of rain - children collected a
large quanity of melons.
Saturday 12th Sept 1818
Small shower early in the morning, cloudy and warm.
Carpenter, Hunt and barney clearing away for mill.
McLaughlin and 2 hands making cart wheel. Self went to
Wymans in the morning for saddle and lent him last night
and got 2 in. Auger - then went to Abraham Kightlingers
and bought a sheep $3. he dressed it and brought it home
and borrowed his pigeons net. Wyman brought the cart
box from Mr. Johnsons - fixed plave for keeping pigeons.
Many gone to Walthroupes Conneaut Lake.
Sunday 13th Sept 1818
Cloudy, warm and some fine shower. D. Dick here and
Monday 14th Sept 1818
Morning cloudy - Dxn turned his cow into meadow. M.L.
making wheels. Dxn after breakfast at wheels -
Carpenter and boys clearing away for mill dam till 3
p.m. Self went to town. ? of Mr. Reynolds $40. for
Commissioners. ? the thing by note in bank - Agreed
with John Smock to bring mill from Pittsburg.
Tues. Sept. 15th 1818
Cloudy, heavy thunder shower in the middle of the day -
Bought big coat and pantaloons from Cullum about $16.75
gal. of whiskey of C. Clark, left measure with Douglass
for boots. Took Mrs Cuthsalls deed from J. Foster.
Paid ? .50 cts for cutting big coat. H & B threashing
and digging for mill dam. WL making wheels. Dxn 1/2
day. WL and boys caught 10 doz. pigeons. Self got home
from town before dark - commenced raining about 11 oc
and continued moderately all night.
Wed. 16th Sept. 1818
Morning rainy and continued till night. Boys after
digging awhile went threashing the remainder of the
day. Bailey made one haul pigeons cooped 13 - ML and
hands working at mill cogs. M. L. killed a turkey.
Thursday 17th Sept 1818 Day
cleared about 10 oc a.m. M.L. and hands finished cogs
and fixed cart to haul timber afternoon - Carpenter and
oxen helped haul 4 long sticks timber had Cutshalls oxen
1/2 day - my ox lame. J. Johnson here to sell beef -
sowed grape seed - red top in the swamp. M.L. killed a
Fri. 18th Sept. 1818 Flying
clouds, clear afternoon. ML and men framing mill. Mr.
Carpenter and EH hauling timber from 9 a.m. till noon.
EH helping Carpenter cut corn in the afternoon - Barney
worked at Mill dam. - digging up basswood stumps.
Sat. 19th Sept 1818 Morning
fine, flying clouds in afternoon. Self cleaning house.
Barney went to mill carried 3 1/2 bu. and brought home
the flour of 2 bu. EH working at dam. Mr. Blakely here
in the evening and stayed all night. agreed to sell
either of the following lots of land in Bloomfield twp.
at $3 per acre, interest annually 1666 - 1689 - 1648 -
he is to send word which he will take - commencing
raining in the evening and rained the greater part of
Sun. 20th Sept 1818 Morning
clear and fine - cloudy about 9 a.m. and begun to rain
with a cold N/W wind. Mr. Blakley left here about 8
a.m. J here going to Dxn caught 38 pigeons. Carpenter
Mon. 21 Sept 1818 Day clear
and cool. M. L. and 2 hands frameing mill. Self and E
Hunt hauling timber. Barney digging for dam till noon.
Afternoon taking care of and pulling beams had Carpenter
oxen - Carpenter had my horse to Cochrans Mill - turned
bull into N. field.
Tues. 22nd Sept 1818
Morning clear, a little frost. Barney attended the beam
and dug mill dam. ML and 2 hands frameing Mill. ML
shot 2 foxs. Hunt and self hauling timber all day,
broke chart tongue. Toward night EH got some timber for
cart body - turned the hogs to woods, but they would not
stay. Carpenter brought load of pumpkins.
Wed. 23rd Sept 1818 Day
fine clear and warm. Hauled one long sill for mill.
afternoon EH and B making cart body. Self daubing
house. Carpenter harrowing with his and my oxen from 10
am till night - Waid borrowed iron wedge, flail rake -
returned flail and rake - old Indian here shot 2 hens N
of house, Carpenter began to harrow.
Thurs. 24th Sept. 1818
Weather fine. Carpenter hauling out corn shocks. 100
shocks. I helped him 1/2 the forenoon and EH in the
afternoon . H & B threashed 6 doz. wheat in the morning
and then B. went to Dxn mill and brought home the flour
of 4 wheat. Got 1/2 after 3 p.m. E H cut and hewed a
large poplar for bottom log to mill dam the remainder of
the forenoon - ML 2 hands frameing - W here to borrowed
a harrow - none for him.
Fri. 25th Sept 1818 Warm
and cloudy. Got into loads of Beans. Had Carpenters 1
oxen - Leonard Hall had 64# wheat, Threashed it himself
- H & B sawed off 2 larger bottom logs for dam.
Afternoon H & B went to haul timber. Broke Cart tongue
and put in a new one. Brot home two teaks. W. went to
J. Johnson and agreed with him for 3 ? beef at $5.00.
W. L. got 1 keg whiskey.
Sat. 26th Sept 1818 Morning
frosty. Day clear and warm sun. Gathered and haulded 6
1/2 load corn and all day on my side - and some
pumpkins, husked awhile in evening. dxn and Carpenter
assisted us - B brought home from J. Johnsons 202 # beef
at $5.00 per hun. d. Hunt and B threashed 10 doz rye
which made 6 bu. H and oxen stayed till after B. sunday
took rye and went home. Bailey and Luaggs went off this
morning after breakfast M.L. framing mill.
Sun. 27 Sept. 1818 morning
frosty, day clear and pleasent, very dry. J. and wife
here with children, went home after dinner. J. turned
his calf into my field. Dxn and little Mary here short
Monday 28th Sept 1818 Day
dry and clear, morning cool and frosty. B. helping
Carpenter haul corn. Carpenter with his oxen assisted
us before breakfast to draw two large logs for Mill
dam. EH and Self placeing them by bottom logs for the
west end of Dam. w.L. frameing. Wyman helped him 2/3
day. Husked corn evening. James had my horse to Dxn
Tues 29th Sept 1818 Morning
frosty, day clear and very dry. EH and Self hauling
Mill timbers with my oxen and Carpenters. ML rec'd a
hard blow from the end of hand spike. Brawley sent for
to bleed him, which was done. ML killed 2 turkeys.
Wed. 30th Sept. 1818
Weather clear and warm. Started after breakfast to go
to Meadville to settle with Mr. Alden which we commenced
- See Hunt about making mill irons. John smith brought
mill irons from Pittsburgh wt.300# charged $9. - paid
him $2. EH hewing Dam timber. Barney digging
potatoes. Carpenter harrowing with my oxen.
Thursday 1st October 1818
Finished settlement with Mayor Alden came out indebt
about $102 whole tax and cost $256. bought about $18.
worth of goods of Cullum. 1/2# for Carpenter. 2
quarts of whiskey of C. Clark. Left with Mayor Alden
deed of 1516 tract, money to be applied to my credit.
got $4. of old Mr. Field on a/c - Selected iron at
Cullums for Mill work. Hunt to take it when he wishes
to work it. Left book with Mr. Robinson to give to
Reynolds. B. digging potatoes. hunt cutting and hewing
Mill dam timber. ML framing. Left my great coat at
Sams. Saw Mr. Herrington on various interests.
Fri. 2nd October 1818
Weather warm and dry. Cleaned 2 bu. wheat. and sent to
Dxn Mill by Wm Stewart and 1 bu. corn. Put up 23
baskets corn over barn floor. Stewart to bring James
flour - Carpenter harrowing with my oxen. B & H sawing
and cutting mill timber in the forenoon - ML frameing -
Jacob Braymer - old Mr. Blakely stranger and Andrew
Braymer here took dinner and went away hunting land.
Sat. 3rd October 1818
Cloudy and signs of rain. Rained a little in the
evening. forenoon all hauling logs for mill dam.
afternoon H & self placeing them. Barney hauling up
potatoes and pumpkins. Cr. threashing seed wheat. Ja's
brought my horse home in the morning. M. L. frameing
mill. Mrs.Jones here. A. Skn -here. Adam Bradford
here to see Carpenter. Juliet quite unwell, got better
in the evening - Ja's had husking this evening - Old Mr.
Hunt here all night.
Sun. 4th October 1818
Moderate rain, broke away about 10 a.m. ground but very
little wet. Ja's turned his oxen into my field - Mr.
Hunt went away early. Commenced raining afternoon and
rained all night moderately.
Monday 5th Oct 1818 Morning
rainy till 10 a.m. flying clouds and squalls continued
thru the day, some snow seen in the air. boys made
mortar in the morning. Got some poles to put over barn
floor and put up some corn, helped Carpenter clean some
wheat for seed. Self daubing house - ML making pins for
mill frame. Jones here grinding axe.
Tues. 6th Oct. 1818 Morning
and day clear. Put corn on the poles over the barn
floor. Had Cutshalls oxen to haul mill timber. Went to
Brawleys in the afternoon for brace timber, got back on
the hill this side of Jones and left team till morning
following - Barney cutting up stump in mill dam and
doing chores. Finished potato hole. Sewed 1 acre,
grass seed on Carpenters job. ML at mill and went with
Hunt for brace timber - Carpenter began to sow wheat.
Wednesday 7th Oct 1818 Fine
warm day, night warm. Forenoon H. B. cutting and hewing
logs for mill dam - A. - noon Barney threashing. H &
Self cutting and hewing timber for mill dam. Carpenter
had my oxen to harrow - sowed about 2 A. grass seed
south of Carpenter house.
Thurs. 8th Oct 1818 Day
fine and warm. 2 hands getting Dam timber,
Barney went to mill - ML frameing - Carpenter harrowing
in wheat had my oxen. Bailey came back this evening.
Friday 9th October 1818 Day
clear and warm, south wind a.m. Carpenter with his oxen,
assisting me to haul some big logs for dam. Afternoon
B. helping him to haul corn shocks - Self and H.
placeing bottom logs in dam. ML and B. getting timber
in woods for braces - husked corn for Carpenter in the
evening DXN had my harrow.
Sat. 10th Oct. 1818 Day
beautiful, warm like summer. Carpenter harrowing in the
last of his wheat - had my oxen forenoon. H & B digging
foundation of mill. Borrowed one bushel see wheat of
James - Girls gone on horseback to Hamiltons for fruit
and got none. Husked at Carpenters in the evening.
Sunday 11th Oct. 1818 Warm
clear beautiful day, very dry. Chestnuts and all kinds
nuts growing plenty, nuts of all kinds, political and
religious. James wife at Carpenters, Esq. and wife here
Monday, 12th October 1818
Warm day, Carpenter went to town and got whiskey for
husking and my B. coat. All hands about Mill dam and
hauling timber. B. threashing assisted Carpenter to
husk in the evening - 80 shocks - all well loaded - used
Wymans oxen part of the afternoon to draw 3 logs in the
Tuesday 13th October 1818
Fine dry day. general election and hard squabbling for
offer. Much lying and insinuations made use of - Went
to town in Co. with Wyman. Got there about 1 p.m.. -
quite unwell - voted for whom I pleased - got 4 1/2
gallons whiskey of Clark, 1/2# tea, 13 tobacco for
Cutshall, left measure for boots with Douglass - got 2
pr. shoes from Cullum for Carpenter and1 small pair for
Juliet. gave 2 N.Y. Hunt memorandum for making mill
irons - came home in the evening with old Uncle Cutshall
about 1 hour after dark. he brought his bottles.
Barney hunting horse till after dinner, then went to
Dxns Mill- stayed all night. E. Hunt got home rails and
repaired fence round barn.
Wednesday 14th Oct. 1818
Cloudy, looks like rain - assisted ML to put in and
place sills to Mill. B. came about 12 noon. turned out
the hogs - all but three then left to haul some timber
and braces. EH went just at night to ask hands to
Thursday 15th Oct. 1818
Morning rainy, prospect of a bad day. Clouds dissipated
about 10 a.m. cleared off with a mere trifle of rain.
hands collected to raise mill about 3 oc completed
raising about sunset with no accidents or discension -
Frame went together well and is a excellent frame and
very stout. All hands went off about an hour after dark
excepting R. Defrance who stayed till morning. Worked
J's oxen 3 hrs. Bought 47# venison of J Mc Fadden.
Friday 16th Oct. 1818 Fine
clear day. ML & B frameing. Boys hauling timber. B.
digging potatoes. Had James oxen about 1/2 day - lent
Carpenter 2 qts whiskey. helped Carpenter husk in the
evening, husked 65 shock - turned hogs into the woods -
Wyman had 1 pane glass.
Sat. 17th Oct 1818 Fine
clear day. Carpenter and E.H. dividing corn and hauling
home corn 134 bu. with Wymans oxen - b digging potatoes
in the forenoon. ML & B frameing. Barney hauled home 5
sticks timber in the afternoon - B. says his times out.
Sunday 18th Oct 1818
Morning frosty but very clear and beautiful day warm.
Great quanity of Chestnuts picked this day - leaves fast
falling from trees.
Monday 19th Oct 1818
Morning frosty and clear, day warm and fine. B. digging
potatoes. H and Self hauling timber and plank for
Mill. Agreed with B. to work on at discretion for the
same wages he was to have the 2 preceeding months. ML
and Bailey working. Worked Wymans oxen all day. Wyman
cleaning out leaches in order to boil up ashes - Barney
to be paid on order on store, did not promise any
money. Signs of rain.
Tuesday, 20th Oct. 1818
Morning and day very like summer - Strong south wind and
cloudy, began to rain about 7 p.m. very fast - Wyman, H
and self getting out and hewing Mill Dam timber. Barney
with my oxen drawing ashes for Wyman - Partly covered
the potatoes in the evening. DXN brought our meal from
Mill. ML & B frameing. Carpenters white ox in barn
this day - beechnuts begin to fall. Hogs all day in
woods. Wyman had my cart.
Wednesday 21 Oct. 1818
Morning very high wind from N. W.; cleared about 10
a.m. considerable rain fell in the night - grew cool and
some sleet about noon. Wyman hauling ashes with his
oxen and mine - put some corn in the morning - B and H
digging pit under mill for waterwheel - ML & B makeing
gears - violent squalls of snow in the evening -
Carpenters old white ox in the barn on the corn.
Thursday 22nd Oct. 1818
Morning snowing fast, nearly six inches on the ground
air moderate - boys putting up corn - Wyman hauling 1
load ashes with his and my oxen ML & B gone deer
hunting - Bailey killed 1 fawn. Capt. Walthorp and R.
Campbell came here before dinner.
Friday 23 rd Oct. 1818
Morning squalls snow, snow has fallen 6 inches. Cleared
off about 12 .n. Bailey hunting, killed 4 deer - sold 1
to Jones - 1 to Carpenter 1 to EH - I bought the other.
$1.borrowed 1/2 dollar Carpenter. Capt Walthroup left
here after breakfast, gave him dubill for $35.00 balance
due him of all accounts, orders and demands. James
working at Potash. Self daubing house.
Saturday 24th Oct 1818
Morning frosty, day beautiful and warm, evening clear
and cool. went to Esq. Brawleys and got 460 ft pine
boards and brought some White wood boards of Wyman -
cleaned up 7 bu. wheat -cleared a dry ground for forebay
-got home some corn from Carpenter and Wyman oxen to get
the load of boards. ML & B about Mill gears.
Sun. 25th Oct 1818 Fine
day. boys all gone there own way and left at home to
enjoy peace and quietness. I spent the day in reading.
Monday 26th Oct 1818
Beautiful weather warm and smokey. EH and self working
a.m. with Wymans oxen, p.m. my oxen. Barney went to
mill and got 2 bu wheat ground and 1 corn. Got home just
at night - ML & B working at gears. Gave Thomas
McFadden an order on C. Clark for $3.80 - being the
amount due him and $2.25 due his father. Wyman working
Tues 27th Oct 1818 Weather
extremely smokey, a little rain in the evening and
cleared off cool. an express to go to Meadville in the
morning. Started about 1/2 after 8. Arrived at
Meadville about 1/2 after 10 a.m. hired John Smith to
bring stills from Meads old Distillery - Pearlash 15
Bbls and all put on board Mark Hullings boat at 3 p.m.
He went off and gave no receipt Stayed all night at Mr.
Smiths - boys H & B working at Mill Dam. ML & B getting
out carriage sides. Wymans oxen 1/2 day.
Wed 28th Oct 1818 Morning
clouds flying from N.W. somewhat cool bought hat Wm
Magan $4. for Bailey 1 pr Susp - of C. Clark for Barney
.50 - got new boots J. Douglass not pd. Paid Samuel
Gehr .75 cents for a dubill which he could not find.
come home middle afternoon - called at Capt. Walthroups,
found Mrs. M just moved back from Conneaut Lake and very
happy to have ?? returned.
Monday 9th Nov. 1818
waiting for boats - made arrangements about lumber -
weather fine. B & Jones worked for Mr. Carpenter.
Carpenters oxen all day.
Tuesday 10th Nov. 1818
Waiting for boat - fine weather. Used Ja's and C.
oxen. He went to Esq. Brawleys for load of boards. Mr.
Dxn abut 3 hrs. placeing logs inDam. Mr. Thayer made a
beginning on his house - tarried here all night.
Wednesday 11th Nov. 1818
Boat arrived this evening. (H. affairs) H and B all day
at dam - used Ja's oxen - Mr. Dxn about an hour to place
logs. Mr. Thayer stayed here. Had of Mr. carpenter 25#
Thursday 12th Nov. 1818
fine warm day, sold Pearlash to Bakewell, Page and B at
7c per hundred Wt. amounting to ? 2 Bbls mine Wt. ?
home affairs. Barney went to mill hauling gravel for
Dam with Wym's oxen forenoon. Mr. carpenter worked in
Friday 13th Nov. 1818 fine
weather smokey - Sold stills to Mr. Town for (large one)
35c - smaller ones at 30 at 5c Pd - B- $13.75 took 1/2
money $148. and note for half, payable at three months
for other half - paid my bill about $18. 00 in
Pittsburgh. Bought 1# tea $1.50 2# coffee 90 cents.
Paid Marcus Huling $19.50 for hauling down 15 Bbl. ashes
and the stills. Left Pittsburgh.
Saturday 14th Nov. 1818
Fine weather traveled from Balls to Gilaspies, found
Landlord drunk - poor accomaditions - window blew down
at head of bed - wind very high ( Home affairs) used
Js's oxen 1/2 day - Mr. Dxn laid 3 logs. Mr. Carpenter
worked from 9 am till 4 pm. H and B working at Dam. ML
& B the days I was in Pittsburgh, working at Mill.
Sunday 15th Nov 1818 Fine
weather, came to Shakeleys had bad headache. Tarried
all night in company of Samuel Foster. ML and B at mill
Monday 16th Nov 1818 Took
some coffee very early and started for home where I
arrived about 3 p.m. found H Barney and Davidson, Mr.
Carpenters man working at Mill Dam - met Ja's going out
with Pearlash -
Tuesday 17 Nov 1818 Al
hands working at mill dam. Carpenter and oxen helping -
borrowed of Carpenter beef - Mr. Jones and son getting
out hewing timber . Mr. Wood and son came and began to
get out timber at noon to give $1. per hundred feet -
pay in grain - Dxn with team went for mill irons and did
not get them further than Sackets.
Wednesday 18th Nov. 1818
All hands at dam. Rowley, one of Carpenters hands began
to work today - E. Hunt quit at noon. Settled with him,
found his account $31.47 paid $30. cash and gave him
duebill for $43.53 - $5. of which not money. snow fell
2 1/2 inches. MW and son getting out timber had
Thursday 19th Nov 1818 All
hands at Dam - Mr. Wood and son getting out timber -
that is Barney and Carpenters 2 hands - worked
Carpenters oxen all day -
Friday 20th Nov 1818
Barney, Carpenter and men working at Dam. Mr. Wood and
son getting out timber - Rowley threashing wheat,
cleaned up three bushel by candle light. ML and Bailey
working at gears. Worked Carpenters oxen from 10 am
Saturday 21st Nov. 1818
Barney gone to Mill. Wood and son getting out timber
for Dam - Rowley and Davidson working at Dam, worked
Ja's oxen from 10 am till night. Mr. woods had 139 #
Rye and 102 1/2# wheat - ML and Bailey hung the
Waterwheel to the mill and finished it off - got up some
turnips in the evening. Allison De France came here for
the night, had been hunting.
Sunday 22nd Nov. 1818
Beautiful weather, warm and smokey. J. has been absent
to town since Monday last - made up a fire in the new
stove and cracked one end of it 2/3 the length of it.
Monday 23rd Nov. 1818 Fine
warm weather. Mr. Woods and son hewing timber for Dam
am. Afternoon butchering the cow - was fat beef - 40#
rough tallow, kidney tallow, hides 60# quarter! Barney,
Rowley and Davidson and son hauling gravel till near
night, then got load of turnips - worked Wymans oxen all
day - DXN working at making small cart body - ML and
Bailey working at mill gears. Mr. Wood and son killed
cow in the afternoon.
Tues. 24th Nov. 1818 Fine
day went to Meadville, borrowed a bay of Capt. Walthroup
to bring salt. got 1/2 bushel salt at Fosters Store
$1.50 Paid Foster $1.33 poor tax - got 7 yds flannel of
C. Clark for E. Barney .87c yd 8 yds cotton for self .44
c. yd - 2 1/2 qt. whiskey - paid Sam Johnson .50c for
apple seed - paid Barton $10. on my account - $5. on
Carpenters. Paid Atkinson .50c for blanks - got 3 weeks
papers - got auger mended at Hunts - see Mayor Alden on
sundry affairs - Came home with Mr. Herrington in the
evening - DXN had 3 baskets corn and ? wheat - finished
cart body this morning - Barney, Rowley and Davidson
hauling gravel to dam - ML & B working at mill. Owen
David here in the evening and all night.
Wednesday 25th Nov. 1818
Fine day went with Mr. Herrington to survey land - went
to find boundaries of Owen Davids lot - assertained that
there is a wont of land for 1417 - Mr. Thayer raised his
house on 1453 west end - Owen David stayed all night at
Ja's. B. R. D. working at Dam - ML and B working at
mill - Mr. Thayer had J's oxen. Barney, R and D at
raising in the afternoon. Mr. Wood and son at raising
in the afternoon. Marietta and Emeline gone to Capt.
Walthrops. Paid Joseph Johnson six dollars towards beef
I had purchased of him - last fall in Sept.
Thursday 26th Nov. 1818
Cloudy, began to rain about 2 oc p.m. Rowley quit this
morning - Barney and Davidson hauling gravel. J's came
here and hewed 1 - 16 ft. stick on 3 sides for Dam - Mr.
Wood and son quit this dinner - say they have hewed 989
feet hemlock for dam - boys threashing rye afternoon -
ML and B working gears of mill - self working at dam -
putting in ties - Afternoon B & D threashing rye. great
wedding this day at DeFrances - Mr. Austin to Miss Anna
- great number gone to wedding - gloomy day - girls not
returned from Capt. Walthroups. DXN cow constantly
getting in to the turnips for some days past - Paid Mr.
Wood 20# beef and $1. Owen David with his party,
Rowley, Thayer and Mr. Herrington returned this eve and
all had supper. Began to rain 3 p.m. and rained
moderately nearly all night - Rowley went away after
supper - David his lot very bad - Ja's hewed stick of
timer for floor.
Friday 27th Nov. 1818
Morning rainy - Owen David and Thayer started after
breakfast for home - OD agreed to send wife 1# good tea
- for expense and trouble. Continued to rain till 12 n.
boys threashing rye and cleaning it up- placed 2 logs in
mill dam - and extended the tail ram - Mr. Hunt went
home with Cutshall and tarried all day and night - girls
returned from Capt. Walthroup. William came with them
sent home the bay I borrowed.
Saturday 28th Nov. 1818
Cloudy but no rain. Working at am-pm Lyman went to
mill. B hauling up turnips - ML working at mill gears -
B gone home. Went in the afternoon and found west end
of 1459 found Waid had part of his improved.
December 10th 1818 Robert
Bailey came here in the evening and stayed a few minutes
departed is not coming to work longer at mill. Gave him
an order on C. Clark for .75 c cash due him. He took
away Mr. Thompson axe.
Friday Dec. 11 1818 Day
cloudy and cool. James helping me place logs on Mill
Dam - B hauling logs. Geo Cutshall came from town left
pair upper leather here for Carpenter and got 30# salt
to return - worked Wymans oxen about 1/2 day - Esq.
Brawley and son here in evening with his a/c for board.
Wanted order for Bbl. salt - went to Radles and did not
Saturday 12th Dec. 1818
Weather cold and some squalls snow. B. gone to mill.
self hunting and found hogs NE Waids near 1mile - gone
till 3 pm - did not get them home - James took home his
oxen and did not return them.
Sunday 13th Dec. 1818 cold
blue day, snow about 6 in. deep in the woods went to
Wymans and took dinner, returned about Sunset. Barney
got home from mill about 11 am.
Monday 14th Dec. 1818 Cold
blue day, squalls of snow - Carpenter settled off with
his hands Rowley and Davidson an order on C. Clark for
$7.53 $5.04 I owed him and charged the balance $2.49 to
Carpenter - Mr. Banner here - got no money from him - he
agrees to get for me all the grain he can. Sent an
order to Brawley by Banner on Abraham Kittenger for $10.
on his boards a/c Mr. Wood came here with a sleigh for
grain, paid him 120# rye, 43# wheat and 1 1/2 bushel
Tuesday 15th December 1818
Morning clear and extremely cold. Black clouds flying
rapidly to the north - sympton of rain. South wind
began to blow about 9 am. James gone to town with my
horse - B. threashing beans. I cleaned up the beans,
had nearly 2 Bbl.
Wednesday, 16th December 1818
weather cold and squalls of snow. Carpenter, self,
ML& B went in search of hogs and got home 14 of them.
Wyman returned from town about 2 pm brought 1 gal.
whiskey 1# tobacco and 1 Quire paper.
Thursday 17th Dec. 1818
Weather very cold. James assisted us in killing hogs.
Killed & wt 737# ML assisted - Wentworth came here just
at night inquired the way to Hunts - brought James
leather last by Wm. Radle.
Friday 18th December 1818
Weather a little more moderate - ML an Self cut out the
hogs in the forenoon. ML went with Carpenter to look
for boar in the pm. did not find him. Self pm. salted
meat - EH came here in the evening. Gave DNX $6.50 on
Carpenters a/c .60 cts on ML a/c and lent him $1.90
money. Gave order for W. the money $3. on Clark. B.
hauling wood and doing chores.
Saturday 19th December 1818
Morning extremely cold. Day clear and fine air grown
mild - b doing chores and threashing. Self reading - ML
hunting. DXN borrowed chain - evening very severe and
night following but little done this day. (made
sausages) Mr. DXN got home some hay this morning.
Sunday 20th Dec. 1818
Morning very frosty and severe cold air - sun clear and
pleasent - Mr. DXN took away his cow this morning -
thawed in the middle of the day.
Monday 21st Dec. 1818
Morning white frost, air somewhat sharp - Day pleasent
sun warm, snowing. B. threashing oats - ML fixing sled
- Mrs DXN here - James has my oxen to go after load hay
was gone till night. This month has been steady cold,
perhaps beyond any known within the memory of men, but
altho cold weather has been excepting one violent storm
of rain and snow - very calm and steady. I changed with
Mr. Carpenter my sow and boar pig for his white sow and
one of his small pigs. Put 13 hams and 1 shoulder in
the brine or pickle ( put in 4 more hams next day.
Tuesday 22nd Dec. 1818 Day
warm and sign of rain. Carpenter killed the sow I let
him have and assisted us in killing 2 small ones. We
assisted him. Salted up the whole for this year. James
brought home 21# salt which he had borrowed and 7# sugar
to pay for cash. Warner Ed borrowed my chain and
afterward my yoke - DXN and Wd grinding axes - B
threashing oats. ML working at new sled.
Wednesday 23rd December 1818
East wind air moderate. Jas W and ML making sled -
B threashing and doing chores - got sow home from
Carpenters and shut her up with all the pigs. Mr. Jones
here acknowledged the debt to Wheeler.
Guy's Diary of 1819
Thurs. 21 October 1819
Weather cloudy, squalls of snow and cold air for this
season. J. Walthroupe brought home pearlash tools.
Sawed about 600 feet boards - Moore doing chores.
Mattison and Gilbert finished hauling pumpkins.
Mattison had my oxen. Moore doing chores, threashing
and grinding flax. ML came and brought tools to put
roof on mill, went back to Walthroupes and tarried all
Friday 22nd October 1819
Weather cloudy and squalls of snow continues ground
white - Self sawed some floor boards - Moore did chores
and thereashed some winter wheat. - ML did something of
frameing rafters - Owen came back in evening Emeline
came home from town. Carpenter began to pearl his salts
- Wyman cutting pearlash wood for self.
Saturday 23rd October 1819
Wind and clouds flying very rapidly to northward grew
very thick about the middle of the day and grew so dark
that a person could not see to read or sew in the house
without a candle. A strange sable gloom spread over the
whole face of nature which lasted nearly 2 hrs. Moore
hauling wood in the forenoon and cut his foot somewhat
badly - Owen threashing some in the morning - did some
chores - cleaned the wheat Wyman assisted - Owen went to
mill carried 3 1/2 bu. -did not return.
Sunday 24th October 1819
Wind at N/W flying clouds, squalls of snow and cold for
this season. Mill Dam full - were under the necessity
to fix the waste way. Wyman helped 1/2 - DXN 3 hours -
ML nearly all day - Owen 1/2 day finished sawed 2 logs
for DXN $4.50
Monday 25th October 1819
Weather quite cold and squalls of snow. Sawed 250 feet
cherry boards, excellent quality an about 550 feet
whitewood - Wyman helped us about 3/4 of the day - draw
logs - Owen 2 hrs drew logs ML frameing rafters -
Carpenter hauling out Pearlash. Sent bull hide wt. 48#
to White and calf skin 7 #
Tuesday 26th October 1819
Some cloudy, hard frost in the morning grew warm in the
evening - Owen working on road - David Mint working for
Wyman Hall for himself - ML finished frameing the roof
to mill. Self sawed part of the day and attended to
road - Wyman gone to town with my horse, to do errands
for me - boys cut 25 rods of road 3 rods wide.
Wednesday 27th October 1819
Hard frost - weather clear and fine. Owen chopping on
road - Mr. Cutshall working on road for himself. ML -
Wyman and Carpenter roof to mill in forenoon. Wyman
came home brought me sawmill file - gallon whiskey from
Wagoner ( file pd. .75c) got me 1/2 bushel salt paid in
sugar - paid for ML $2.47 - got wrench mended - got 1/2
side sole leather from White - Calf skin.
Thursday 28th October 1819
South wind, weather warm and smokey. Sawed two logs -
Owen on the road - Moore went to mill with 2 bu. corn -
ML putting on roof.
Friday 29th October 1819
Weather warm and smokey SW. ML and J. J. putting on
roof - Owen doing chores, hauling shingles and daubing
house - Moore went to mill Thayer ploughing - Daniel
Hunt brought load salts to pearl or scorch - sent word
by D. Hunt to Radle and J McFadden to work on road
Saturday 30th October 1819
Weather cloudy, wind NW some squalls now and cool - ML
and Wm shingling mill forenoon - working on road
afternoon. Self killed hog and done chores, Owen
assisting - hauled some wood. The weather rough for the
season. L. Jones here borrowed a little pork.
Sunday 31st October 1819
Weather fine and beautiful. Day spent in peace and
Monday 1st November 1819
Weather fine and smokey. ML & JW shingling mill Owen
hauling shingles - Self attending to road cutting. Mr.
Hunt, Eben Hunt, and Warner Waid on road - Jones here
Tuesday 2nd November 1819
Weather cloudy and trifling rain, ML and Wyman finished
shingling mill - Jones, Barney and William Stewart
working on road Owen and Moore repairing hog pen - D.
Hunt brought 2 Bs salt to pearl.
Wednesday 3rd Nov. 1819
Weather warm and pleasent. Self and ML finished the
mill saddle boarding and put all things in repair - Self
assisted to clear away and picked up nails and shingles
- Owen got up some. Moore did some chores, such as
finishing hog pen. Mrs. DXN here to tarry. Mrs. Don her
Thurs.4th Nov. 1819 Weather
cloudy and squally and disagreeable. Self sawed 60 floor
boards. William haulded 5 pine logs from swamp - Moore
did some small chores - Wyman here and got 4 boards to
make sled box. ML and Braymer worked afternoon on
road. John quit Carpenter in a rage, gone to J. Brawley
Friday 5th Nov. 1819 Some
squalls of snow in the morning, cleared and grew
pleasent in the afternoon - Ja's put my ashes in the 2
leachs next the pearlash. Mr. Thayer hauling ashes for
him. Owen doing chores and cutting logs in the woods
for sawing. Moore repairing tools and small things -
self sawed 240 feet pine boards. attended to the road,
looked road from Jones - ML and Braymer working on
road. Volintine Jones for Wyman in afternoon -
Carpenter packed 4 Bbl. scorched salts for Hunt, he
thinks about 12 cwt.
Saturday 6th Nov. 1819 High
south wind, smokey and warm. Self sawing part of the
day. Moore yet lame. Owen working on road for
himself. ML working on road. Immence numbers of
pidgeons hovering about today.
Sunday 7th Nov. 1819 Wind
blows hard from S/W smokey and cloudy. Some of the
people gone to Esq. Brawleys to hear Mr. Alden preach -
Mr. DXN came home from town brought me a new trowel in
place of the one he broke of mine. Self very lame in
the sholders and neck with the rheumatism.
Mr. Foster was hanged at Quebec
last summer - Williams here took assessment I am to
leave my tax with John Reynolds. Wyman working in
Wednesday 24th Nov. 1819
Weather warm like summer. self sawed part of the day
and doing things about the mill - Moore making board
kiln - Owen ploughing - Gilbert and Mattison got in 3
logs, 2 for G and 1 for M. Carpenter go tin 4 logs for
boards and plank and took away a load of slabs. Wyman
working in potash. Woman made up 35 dozen candles.
Wyman had my oxen 3 hrs.. to haul wood.
Thurs. 25th Nov. 1819Weather
warm like summer. Self sawed 4 logs for Gilbert - Moore
and Owen a great part of the forenoon makeing a board
kiln and very much to their disappointment at the time
they had got on all their boards the kiln fell - so much
gone for nothing - Afternoon Owen hauled stone out of
little field my mill into the mill dam. Mr. Jones and
Lady and Mr. Barney and Lady here and spent the evening
very much to our satisfaction and we expect to theirs -
Carpenter harrowing in rye for ML on 1486 - Learned that
Wills had missed his road, wandered to Randolph and was
showed the way by him to Hunts.
Friday 26th Nov. 1819
Weather warm S/W wind and clouds - grew a little cool in
the evening. Sawed 200 ft boards for Mattison - Moore
did some small chores and working the greater part of
the day on board kiln and not done - Carpenter working
for ML sowing rye - Owen hauling stone to mill dam from
small field - Put pine under the board kiln.
Saturday 27the Nov. 1819
Weather some cloudy and cooler. Owen hauling stone out
of the little field near mill - Moore doing chores -
fixing about barn - afternoon went with Carpenter to
Brawleys as witness in the case between him and John
Merrit - On the whole settlement of all amounts between
him and all the Merrits. the reference brought him in
debt $3. We came home by moon light. Many witnesses
were called for little purpose.
Sunday 28th Nov. 1819
cloudy and a trifle snow. Samuel Johnson and Michael
Seeley came here. Johnson says he will meet me at
Meadville next Friday with 2 cows and 1 heifer which I
have agreed to take at appraisal of men. Mr. Ellis and
2 N.Yers, Hunt are agreed on as appraisers - been all
day at home reading.
Monday 29th Nov. 1819 Fine
weather. Self sawed 538 feet boards, logs brought by
Mr. Carpenter and divided them - attended board kiln -
Wyman finished scorching his salts and afterwards he and
Carpenter scorched mine about 150# Moore and Owen
threashed 2 1/2 bu. wheat and cleaned the same and
worked awhile at board kiln and Owen went to mill in the
evening. Thayers ox threw down fence and got into the
winter wheat - Wyman got Thayer to haul in 4 logs for
Tuesday 30th Nov. 1819 A
hard white frost and fine day. Carpenter helped in
killing 3 hogs which took 2/3 day. self sawed 200 ft.
boards. In the evening the board kiln took fire and
burned down, we saved a few - Cutshall came to work on
road. He butted G. - logs and went off.
Wednesday 1st of Dec. 1819
Morning frosty, high wind from S/W. self weighed cut
out and salted hogs - 1 231# - 1 - 175# good pork.
weighed my scorched salts and put them in with Wymans
107# it was almost melted - Moore cutting and hauling
wood all day - Owen gone to Warner Waids chopping ? at
Walthroupe - Wyman gone - Thomas McFadden worked on road
- Thayer called in the evening and told me he had left
J's in the woods at Douglass run unable to proceed on
account of to much w.
Thursday 2nd Dec. 1819
Weather somewhat rough with high wind from NW. snow
fallen in the night 1 1/2 in. Moore doing chores,
chopping wood, hauling slabs. Owen came home in the
morning got breakfast, ground axe and went off to Uncle
- Gilbert haulded away the greater part of his plank and
boards. Self spent this day, chiefly reading.
Friday 3rd Dec. 1819 Weather
clear and pleasent - Moore went with James and our oxen
to help him to Walthroupes with his pearlash, gone till
1 pm sent by him hide to White and pearlash shovel to
Hunt to make Barn hinges and hinges for door. Self
sawed 750 ft Plank for Carpenter and part of large log
for G Cutshall. Gilbert hauled away the balance of his
boards and Plank and Mattisons. Mr. Hanson here gave
him the patent of 1460 - he asked if I recollected any
bargain between W. B. and him about McCracken debt -
Made memorandum for Carpenter to get at town tomorrow
1/2# L, Gal w. and 1/2 side of upper Leather from White.
Saturday 4th December 1819
Weather clear and pleasent, but not warm enough to take
off the snow. Self took up and laid ash board in
chamber and garret. Moore did something about
making shed, hauled some boards and did chores.
Carpenter returned from town about sunset. Brought 2
decent looking cows from Samuel Johnson, appraised by
N.Y Hunt and Esq Ellis at $36.50. Got gal. whiskey of
Magaw and 2# tobacco for which he paid the money. got
on my acct. of Cullum $22.75 of goods for Moore.
Jacket, trousers, vest, with trimmings. Wyman called
here about 12 pm. after we were all in bed on his return
from town - with team, sent order by Carpenter on White
1/2 side upper leather which he got $2. and send him the
cow hide by Wyman Wt .50#
Sunday 5th December 1819
Weather clear and pleasent - spent the day in peace at
home reading. Mr. DXN called a few minutes.
Monday 6th December 1819
Weather warmer and south wind, snow chiefly gone looks
like rain - Self sawed 3 or 4 hundred oak boards - Eben
Hunt brought pig to exchange, concludes not - he hauled
in 2 saw logs and cut more. Carpenter brot crooked
stick to saw sled runner from. Moore making shed at
east end of barn. Old Mr. Hunt here and borrowed
Tues. 7th Dec. 1819 Weather
warm and beautiful, sawed 750 floorboards for George
Cutshall - Eben hunt hauled some logs and log for sled
runners and one for beam. Moore making shed and place
for calves - Owen chopping for rails. DXN asked to cut
maple log for chair timber - permitted - Hunt cut his
logs by hand. Carpenter threashed and cleaned up the
Guy's Diary 1820
Wed. 5th January 1820
Weather cold - Self unwell - Carpenter threashing all
day - Moore yet lame - got a little wood and hauled
sleigh runners to DXN - nothing of any consequence done
this day. evening very severe cold.
Thursday 6th Jan. 1820
Morning very cold, day clear and pleasent, very sharp
air. Moore helped Carpenter clean 10 bushel wheat, took
1/2 day. Carpenter chopped off 2 logs. Carpenter and
WF here and stayed awhile in the evening - Moore lame.
Friday 7th January 1820
Morning severe cold, grew cloudy about 9 am and began to
look more mild evening, looks like a thaw. Self done
but little, read some. Moore yet lame - got a little
wood and did the small chores. DXN here asking about
sleigh which he is making - Eben Hunt here after a load
of boards, says he cannot work for me short of 3 weeks -
Carpenter threashing - Thayer took away part of his
Sat. 8th Jan 1820 Weather
cloudy and moderate - Self cutting 1 gig wheel, had no
trouble in starting water wheel - Moore and Carpenter
threashed 2 bu. spring wheat, did chores. In the
evening company arrived from town viz - Enoch and Sally
Lord, Simeon and Eliza Dunham and William Walthrope and
Gran Miles and Sally Ellis - who tarried with us all
Sun. 9th Jan 1820 Weather
same as yesterday. The company went off about 11 am and
Marietta went with them to town - Self quite unwell with
violent headache - Mr. Alden preached at Esq. Brawleys.
Monday 10th Jan 1820 Cloudy
with strong NE wind, began to snow moderately at 10 am
which increased and became violent in the afternoon and
continued thru the night, snow fell ? inches. Thayer
finished threashing his wheat and hauled away his
straw. self and Moore sawed about 700 ft of boards and
plank. The people generally gone to town to election of
a Colonel - Carpenter gone to Meadville to mill carried
2 bushels for me.
Tues 11th Jan. 1820 Snow
fell yesterday and last night 9 in. deep - This day
squally - Self spent the whole day reading - Moore cut
the wood and took care of cattle - Carpenter came from
town just at night - Marlin made Colonel - he did not
get his meal.
Wed. 12th Jan 1820 Weather
very cold and blustery - Thayer here in the morning to
clean wheat and take away his straw - DXN here and got
boards and nails to make sleigh box - Self threashed 5
Bbl beans, cleaned them and brought them into the
house. Had headache in evening.
Thursday 13th Jan. 1820 -
Morning extremely cold, the coldest this winter. began
to moderate a little in the afternoon. I threashed 5
doz. wheat and did some chores - Moore hauling wood -
Carpenter hauling cherry logs to mill - Wyman arrived
from town this morning, being the 4th day spent at the
Military Election - Clouds look like rain towards
evening -Moore cleaned and oiled sleigh harness in the
Fri. 14th Jan. 1820 Weather
clear, warm pleasent, signs of rain or snow. Self
cleaned out saw mill - Moore cutting and hauling wood -
DXN brought his wheat to our barn - he with Warner Waid
threashed, had my sled to haul wheat - Carpenter hauling
cherry logs - Jones hauled 1 small bassswood log - James
here and got his chizel and his auger - Carpenter had my
oxen to haul logs - he helped us lean up 1/4 bu. wheat
in the morning.
Sat. 15th Jan. 1820 Wind
changed to NW and grew cold. DX finished threashing his
wheat and hauled away his straw - Moore chopping wood at
door and doing chores. Self fixed the mill and sawed
250 ft of cherry boards. The 1 log of Carpenter sawed -
Mr. Gilbert here wished me to get his letter out of the
Post Office if I go to town on Monday. E. Hunt here and
took away the last of his boards - he say he will tell
me next Monday how he will work.
Sun. 16th Jan. 1820 Morning
cold wind at NE. began to snow about sunset and
continued violently with high wind till midnight then
hailed awhile. I called into Mr. DXN awhile, the rest of
the day at home - McLaughlin came here in evening.
Monday 17th Jan. 1820 Snow
fallen about 9 in. wind changed to NW about 9 am. - blew
hard with heavy squalls of snow which continued thru the
day and the air grew something cool - Carpenters chimney
back fell down this morning. Mrs. Carpenter here with
children. ML here all day. I wrote 3 letters for him
he left a bundle of letters here, which I put in my
trunk - he says he will make me a pitman someday when
the weather suits - Moore threashing - E. Hunt here took
newspaper, says he is not prepared to tell me how he
will work for year.
Tues. 18th Jan. 1820 Weather
cloudy and somewhere snow is solid 18 in. deep -
threashed about 10 doz. winter wheat and rye - did
chores - James M. here grinding new axe - Hall here and
borrowed 2 in Auger and took away 2 in Auger. William
Nadle and Nancy called here - William got 2 boards. ML
went from here after dinner.
Wed. 19th Jan 1820 Weather
extremely cold, Moore did the chores and that is all
that is done this day. Capt. Harown called here, he was
going to Wymans for wheat. I spent the day reading.
Thurs 3rd Feb. 1820 Morning
warm wind changed to NW about 8 am and blew violently
with heavy squalls of snow and grew cold - self and
Carpenter went to Meadville with sleigh. Attended to
the remonstrant against the State road petition with
good sucess on account of getting signers the means are
being popular. Brawley wrote to Wilson Smith and
enclosed the remonstraner Got 2 1/2 bu of Apples .75cts
per bu. did not pay got 1 1/2 yd Flannel of Cullum 1.50
2 bass $2.50 - 1# tobacco .50cts got book library Rushs
Works Started from Meadville about 8 pm and got home
1/2 after 10 pm - got jug of whiskey of A. Smith - Lost
or left my mittens - Appointed arbitrator in Trustees
Academy and Karr.
Friday 4th Feb. 1820 Weather
cold and some snow in the morning. Moore went to mill
and got home with the meal and flour about 10 pm.
started the mill - did but little this day - except
chores. Wyman, Hall Jones hauling logs to mill.
Saturday 5th Feb. 1820
Weather fine and moderate SE wind. got saw mill in
order and sawed 1 cherry log. Did chores - Wyman and
Waid hauling in logs Jones and Mr. Williams here an
itinerant preacher to grind axe.
Sunday 6th Feb. 1820. This
is the finest day we have had for 6 weeks SW wind and
warm, snow thaws considerable. Neighbors gone to
Stewarts to hear Williams the iterant preacher - Hall
came in here in the evening.
Monday 7th Feb. 1820 Snow
fallen in the night about 6 in. and continued to snow
till 10 am. making about 7 in. wet snow. Wind from NE
during the storm but very light - Changed to NW about
noon - still continues moderate, Self and Moore chief of
the day at the mill sawed 4 logs and plank. Lent Hall
the sleigh to go to Capt. Deweys. Wyman lost his colt
this morning by reason of being gored by his ox. He had
my oxen to haul logs.
Tues. 8th Feb. 1820 -
Weather grew cloudy in the evening and rained a little
moderately. Mr. Simeon Bishop came here in the evening,
to buy my right to the W. Mintry tract of land in
Venango township - agreed with him for $200. payable in
boards in May 1820 delivered at Meadville at the market
price - took a judgement bond of him for the money,
which I am to give up if he brings me a note, signed by
two others - Sawed two logs cherry - Wyman hauled in
Wed 9th Feb. 1820 Morning a
misty rain - wind changed to NW remained cloudy and
moderate all day. Sawed part of the day on Cherry logs
- Moore hauled 1 load of rails and brought up 1 cherry
log, Hunt and wife Barton and wife came here in the
evening and tarried all night - Wyman hauling in Pine
logs Wm, Wd and Hall hauling Pinelogs. the itinerant
preacher left after breakfast. father quite helpless.
Thurs. 10th Feb. 1820 A raw
wind from the east, snowed violently toward night 2 or 3
hrs. Snow rising 2 ft. deep. Sawed 2 logs. 1 for
bedstead and1 boards - DXN had horse and cutter to go to
mill - Hunt and Barton went to Carpenters for dinner and
Wyman to supper. I dined with them. Moore did the
chores. J. Douglass and his attendant are going to be
married. hunt and self returned here in the evening from
Wymans and tarried all night. Father very helpless.
Fri. 11th Feb. 1820 Weather
pleasent. DXN and wife, Mrs Guy and boys started after
breakfast to go to Bloomfield Township. Hunt and Barton
started home. I sawed part of the day - Moore did the
chores. Wyman hauled in logs. Waid and Hall hauled
logs - Sally Jones here all night.
Sat 12th Feb. 1820 Weather
moderate and beautiful ( rained a little in the night)
snow thawed considerable with the sun - Moore and I
repaired the mill fitted saw - sawed part of the day -
Moore did the chores - Wyman hauled in log Gilbert
hauled in 5 small pine logs to pay for sawing some
cucumberlog last fall - Sally Jones went home in
forenoon - put box in pitman hemlock knot McLaughlin
came here in the evening to make pitman, cut stick for
same - father unwell and very helpless - Self unwell
with cold, Carpenter went after load of straw to Abraham
Kitlingers - ML came in the evening to make pitman.
Sun. 13th Feb. 1820 Wind
changed to NW, a little colder but was a very pleasent
day - Ja's here - Hall called here - day none to well
spent - Father very helpless. After 9 oc pm and wife
not returned. DXN came some time in the night
Monday 14th Feb 1820
Weather warm, clear sun and south wind. Started 11 am
with Mr. DXN for Meadville arrived about 1/2 after 2 pm
and took dinner found Mrs. Guy there - after short
stay, DXN and she started for home. I attended to the
Arbitration Trustees an Kerr - gain Judgement in favor
of self an Petition testimony - got thru about 1 pm
lodged at Torbetts - got canthook repaired at Burnsides,
which came back by DXN. $2. coming as Arbitration
Exchanged Judgement Bond for note vs Bishop and Phelps.
Tues 15th Feb. 1820 Weather
quite warm, snow going fast. Attended Court as witness
and sought men to hire. attending saw mill. ML making
pitman. A heavy rain in the evening making a great
flood. Carpenter and Moore sticking up boards.
Phalanx history of Lyons Hollow in Richmond,
Crawford County, PA:
"Contemporaneously with the most famous of an American
Communistic experiment, Brook Farm in West Roxbury, an
experiment matching the practical if not the Aesthetical
side was taking place her in the wild new country of
this community, Lyons Hollow. In the 1840s the
experiment which always appears so attractive in
previous consideration and is so disappointing in actual
practice was tried on Tract 1466 Crawford Co, PA.
Daniel Hunt was the leader in the movement. He was the
only well educated in the community and naturally had
considerable influence over his neighbors. Stressing
the economy of community living, he induced practically
every family of settlers in the neighborhood to enter
the project. Another motive for community living was
the protection offered from the depredation of wondering
The life of the early settlers was haunted by shuddering
fear of savages. Looking back we know the land
hereabouts had been permanently cleared of hostile
Indian tribes, but the early settlers did not know
this. The fear of the Indians persisted long after
there was any need of it. The terror of wild animals
was more justifiable. Nancy Stainbrook, sister of Mrs.
McLaughlin, was on horseback when chased some distance
by a panther. The country was thickly wooded, cattle
having no food except the leaves they browsed from the
trees and brush. Returning home to the McLaughlins one
winter afternoon, Nancys horse shied and ran away. She
clasped her arms about its neck an clung for her life;
reaching home the horse jumper over the bars into the
barnyard. Mr. Stainbrook hurried out with a lantern to
learn the cause of the disturbance and found the tracks
of the panther which had followed to the barnyard bars.
All the settlers had related how the wolves howled about
the cabins and how numerous were bears. These animals
were a constant menace to the livestock.
It is said that the first homes of the Phalanx members
were 11 log cabins built in a row extending eastward
from the spring. One of these cabins remained sanding
until after 1855 when Greens bought the farm. They used
it as a storage place for milk and butter. When frame
houses came into use a large one was erected to house th
colony. It was constructed in the form of a huge L.
The part built from East to West was one hundred feet in
length while that running north and south was fifty
feet. The excellent spring near by furnished water for
domestic purposes. Doubtless this spring was the
primary factor in the selection of a building site.
There was a stump left under the parlor floor which
caused a hump in the floor. When the house was cut down
at the close of the Phalanx epoch, a part forty feet
long from east to west end was left standing. This was
used as a dwelling by the Greens, and the Higby, Sybrant
and McElhenny families which succeeded them. The
building was well built. There was a lovely colonel
doorway with a panel of glass on either side in the
center of the north wall. This entrance led to the
kitchen, a huge room which required thirty five yards of
carpet to cover the floor. The living room was to the
left as one entered the front door. The doorknobs were
of brass. A row of narrow windows peeped from under the
At the beginning of the enterprise the members lived
high, however before the end of the experiment food was
scarce. The theory of the experiment was that all
members should share equally in the labor and equally in
the benefits. As always happens with any number of
people in like condition some members soon found ways to
get more than their share with no labor.
At its height quite a group of buildings were used by
the colony. The barn was on the Westside of the road
nearly directly opposite the road leading east to
Ebenezer Hunts. Close to the northeast corner of the
road was the blacksmith shop. The church was on the
west side of the road. It was a Methodist
congregation. Jessee Winans, the spiritualist, preached
there for a time. David Moore presided there also. The
Crosses and probably all of the Phalanx members were of
the Methodist faith. West of the bridge was a deeper
place in the brook were children drove sheep for
I do not know in what year the colony was started. It
was thought to have ended about 1851. The land remained
in the Hunt name during the entire period.
Zaccheus and Angeline Wells Flint were part of the
Phalanx experiment. Zaccheus Flint , Son of
Luke and Elizabeth Watkins Flint, born 2-14-1800 in
Rome, Oneida Co ., NY; died 4-20-1872 in Richmond,
Crawford Co., PA. He married Angeline Wells, first
wife. Angeline Wells was born 1807 in NY; died
1855 Richmond, Crawford Co., Pennsylvania. Angeline
lived near Lake Superior, in Michigan. The Wells' were
owners of extensive salt mines. Zaccheus Flint married
widow, Miranda Seeley, second wife, born 1812 in NY;
died in Richmond, Crawford Co., PA. Zaccheus Flint
served as a drummer and water boy in the war of 1812
but came home before his enlistment was up, as he
received no credit for his service. He worked in the
vicinity of Rome until 1828 presumably as a farmer,
woodsman as was the custom of the day. When his father
moved to the frontier of Chatauqua County, he went along
and on March 21, 1828;
purchased 118 acres of land from the Holland Land
Company in the present day township of Arkwright, NY for
$430 dollars. Shortly after, he brought his bride to
his home in the wilderness, and together, they cleared
and improved this land. On March 4, 1829, he sold 50
acres off his property to his brother Elisha who
remained here until 1836 when Zaccheus and his half
brother Russell moved out of the township and county.
On March 2, 1836, Zaccheus and Angeline Wells Flint sold
their remaining property to Jonathan French for $1024
and leading their four children in a wagon, started for
Pennsylvania by way of the Chautauqua Lake trail. His
father Luke, having lost his wife Elizabeth, was now
living with him.
Traveling most of the summer, they arrived in Richmond,
Crawford Co., PA in November. The William Walker Estate
was for sale, and Zaccheus purchased 112 acres of this
land for $336 dollars. This land, formally called
"Donation Land" was originally given to the
Revolutionary War soldiers for their services, but was
sold by them to land speculators who in turn sold to
permanent settlers. Zaccheus' property was located in
Lyons Hollow, Richmond Township while his brother
Russell part of the same estate, was located in New
Richmond, same Township. Zaccheus Flint had the usual
troubles of a life-time farmer. His next door
neighbors, a socialist group called the Phalanx, talked
him into investing part of his property with them. It
was a lucky thing that his wife would not let him invest
more, as soon this scheme "where all would share equally
for equal work" turned into a colony of bosses where
no-one would work. The family lived in the Phalanx
community during Luke boyhood. The children of the
Phalanx enjoyed it greatly. There were so many of them
always available for games. Like all the other, Flints
lost their property they had put into it and returned to
the place at the hollow, west of the comer. Luke often
laughed about Mrs. Lamb while serving at the table would
say: "Captain Flint, hold up your trough." When the bean
soup became so thin that one had to dip several times to
get a bean, Zaccheus quit the movement, saving what
property he still retained in his own name."